1-Two notions serve as the basis for all torts: wrongs and compensation. True False 2-The goal of tort law is to put a defendant in the position that he or she would have been in had the tort occurred to the defendant. True False 3-Hayley is injured in an accident precipitated by Isolde. Hayley files a tort action against Isolde, seeking to recover for the damage suffered. Damages that are intended to compensate or reimburse a plaintiff for actual losses are: compensatory damages. reimbursement damages. actual damages. punitive damages. 4-Ladd throws a rock intending to hit Minh but misses and hits Nasir instead. On the basis of the tort of battery, Nasir can sue: Ladd. Minh. the rightful owner of the rock. no one. 4-Luella trespasses on Merchandise Mart’s property. Through the use of reasonable force, Merchandise Mart’s security guard detains Luella until the police arrive. Merchandise Mart is liable for: assault. battery. false imprisonment. none of the choice 6-The extreme risk of an activity is a defense against imposing strict liability. True False 7-Misrepresentation in an ad is enough to show an intent to induce the reliance of anyone who may use the product. True False 8-Luke is playing a video game on a defective disk that melts in his game player, starting a fire that injures his hands. Luke files a suit against Mystic Maze, Inc., the game’s maker under the doctrine of strict liability. A significant application of this doctrine is in the area of: cyber torts. intentional torts. product liability. unintentional torts 9-More than two hundred years ago, the Declaration of Independence recognized the importance of protecting creative works. True False 10-n 2014, Cloud Computing Corporation registers its trademark as provided by federal law. After the first renewal, this registration: is renewable every ten years. is renewable every twenty years. runs for life of the corporation plus seventy years. runs forever. 11-Wendy works as a weather announcer for a TV station under the character name Weather Wendy. Wendy can register her character’s name as: a certification mark. a trade name. a service mark. none of the choices 12-Much of the material on the Internet, including software and database information, is not copyrighted. True False 13-In a criminal case, the state must prove its case by a preponderance of the evidence. True False 14-Under the Fourth Amendmentt, general searches through a person’s belongings are permissible. True False 15-Maura enters a gas station and points a gun at the clerk Nate. She then forces Nate to open the cash register and give her all the money. Maura can be charged with: burglary. robbery. larceny. receiving stolen property. 16-Reno, driving while intoxicated, causes a car accident that results in the death of Santo. Reno is arrested and charged with a felony. A felony is a crime punishable by death or imprisonment for: any period of time. more than one year. more than six months. more than ten days. 17-Corporate officers and directors may be held criminally liable for the actions of employees under their supervision. True False 18-Sal assures Tom that she will deliver a truckload of hay to his cattle ranch. A person’s declaration to do a certain act is part of the definition of: an expectation. a moral obligation. a prediction. a promise. 19-Lark promises to buy Mac’s used textbook for $60. Lark is: an offeror. an offeree a promisee. a promisor. 20-Casey offers to sell a certain used forklift to DIY Lumber Outlet, but Casey dies before DIY accepts. Most likely, Casey’s death: did not affect the offer. shortened the time of the offer but did not terminated it. extended the time of the offer. terminated the offer.

1-Two notions serve as the basis for all torts: wrongs and compensation. True False 2-The goal of tort law is to put a defendant in the position that he or she would have been in had the tort occurred to the defendant. True False 3-Hayley is injured in an accident precipitated by Isolde. Hayley files a tort action against Isolde, seeking to recover for the damage suffered. Damages that are intended to compensate or reimburse a plaintiff for actual losses are: compensatory damages. reimbursement damages. actual damages. punitive damages. 4-Ladd throws a rock intending to hit Minh but misses and hits Nasir instead. On the basis of the tort of battery, Nasir can sue: Ladd. Minh. the rightful owner of the rock. no one. 4-Luella trespasses on Merchandise Mart’s property. Through the use of reasonable force, Merchandise Mart’s security guard detains Luella until the police arrive. Merchandise Mart is liable for: assault. battery. false imprisonment. none of the choice 6-The extreme risk of an activity is a defense against imposing strict liability. True False 7-Misrepresentation in an ad is enough to show an intent to induce the reliance of anyone who may use the product. True False 8-Luke is playing a video game on a defective disk that melts in his game player, starting a fire that injures his hands. Luke files a suit against Mystic Maze, Inc., the game’s maker under the doctrine of strict liability. A significant application of this doctrine is in the area of: cyber torts. intentional torts. product liability. unintentional torts 9-More than two hundred years ago, the Declaration of Independence recognized the importance of protecting creative works. True False 10-n 2014, Cloud Computing Corporation registers its trademark as provided by federal law. After the first renewal, this registration: is renewable every ten years. is renewable every twenty years. runs for life of the corporation plus seventy years. runs forever. 11-Wendy works as a weather announcer for a TV station under the character name Weather Wendy. Wendy can register her character’s name as: a certification mark. a trade name. a service mark. none of the choices 12-Much of the material on the Internet, including software and database information, is not copyrighted. True False 13-In a criminal case, the state must prove its case by a preponderance of the evidence. True False 14-Under the Fourth Amendmentt, general searches through a person’s belongings are permissible. True False 15-Maura enters a gas station and points a gun at the clerk Nate. She then forces Nate to open the cash register and give her all the money. Maura can be charged with: burglary. robbery. larceny. receiving stolen property. 16-Reno, driving while intoxicated, causes a car accident that results in the death of Santo. Reno is arrested and charged with a felony. A felony is a crime punishable by death or imprisonment for: any period of time. more than one year. more than six months. more than ten days. 17-Corporate officers and directors may be held criminally liable for the actions of employees under their supervision. True False 18-Sal assures Tom that she will deliver a truckload of hay to his cattle ranch. A person’s declaration to do a certain act is part of the definition of: an expectation. a moral obligation. a prediction. a promise. 19-Lark promises to buy Mac’s used textbook for $60. Lark is: an offeror. an offeree a promisee. a promisor. 20-Casey offers to sell a certain used forklift to DIY Lumber Outlet, but Casey dies before DIY accepts. Most likely, Casey’s death: did not affect the offer. shortened the time of the offer but did not terminated it. extended the time of the offer. terminated the offer.

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What percentage of infants who are infected with unrecognized/untreated Streptococcus B will suffer permanent brain damage, lung damage, or death? Question 3 options: 2% 55% 14% 98%

What percentage of infants who are infected with unrecognized/untreated Streptococcus B will suffer permanent brain damage, lung damage, or death? Question 3 options: 2% 55% 14% 98%

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Which of the following statements about radioactive isotopes is true? Radioactive elements are natural and therefore not harmful. The energy emitted by radioactive isotopes can break chemical bonds and cause molecular damage in cells. When given a choice between radioactive and nonradioactive isotopes of the same atom, living cells are more likely to incorporate the radioactive isotopes into their structures. The nuclei of radioactive isotopes are unusually stable, but the atoms tend to lose electrons.

Which of the following statements about radioactive isotopes is true? Radioactive elements are natural and therefore not harmful. The energy emitted by radioactive isotopes can break chemical bonds and cause molecular damage in cells. When given a choice between radioactive and nonradioactive isotopes of the same atom, living cells are more likely to incorporate the radioactive isotopes into their structures. The nuclei of radioactive isotopes are unusually stable, but the atoms tend to lose electrons.

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TEXT The sole text is Daniel Bonevac’s Today’s Moral Issues. This is an extremely accessible work that organizes the subject matter of ethics into well-structured units involving both general principles and focused ethical dilemmas. The instructor will guide the students through the pertinent readings and discussion topics. Exam #3: WAR ECONOMIC EQUALITY 1. Aquinas 5. Mill 2. Grotius 6. Hospers 3. Clausewitz 7. Anderson 4. Gandhi CONCERNING THE SHORT PAPER Choose one of our dilemma topics from our book as the focus of your short paper. If you have another topic in mind, please consult with me for permission. —length: 4 to 5 pages — format: typed —number of points: 10 — submission via Bb, under “Assignments” — Format: Microsoft Word — Line Spacing: Double-Spaced —Print: Black The following is merely a suggestion for the organization of the paper, but it might be useful as an indication of how it could look: a) Initial statement of your position concerning the moral dilemma; how to resolve it, how you plan to argue for/against it. b) Amplification of your position; your main points or position. c) Backup: some cited references and supporting evidence for your position. d) Your criticisms of alternative or contrary points of view. e) Your conclusion/summing up. Plagiarism is a serious breach of academic integrity. If you submit plagiarized materials you will receive a zero on the assignment. If you need an extension of the due date for the paper, please consult with me.

TEXT The sole text is Daniel Bonevac’s Today’s Moral Issues. This is an extremely accessible work that organizes the subject matter of ethics into well-structured units involving both general principles and focused ethical dilemmas. The instructor will guide the students through the pertinent readings and discussion topics. Exam #3: WAR ECONOMIC EQUALITY 1. Aquinas 5. Mill 2. Grotius 6. Hospers 3. Clausewitz 7. Anderson 4. Gandhi CONCERNING THE SHORT PAPER Choose one of our dilemma topics from our book as the focus of your short paper. If you have another topic in mind, please consult with me for permission. —length: 4 to 5 pages — format: typed —number of points: 10 — submission via Bb, under “Assignments” — Format: Microsoft Word — Line Spacing: Double-Spaced —Print: Black The following is merely a suggestion for the organization of the paper, but it might be useful as an indication of how it could look: a) Initial statement of your position concerning the moral dilemma; how to resolve it, how you plan to argue for/against it. b) Amplification of your position; your main points or position. c) Backup: some cited references and supporting evidence for your position. d) Your criticisms of alternative or contrary points of view. e) Your conclusion/summing up. Plagiarism is a serious breach of academic integrity. If you submit plagiarized materials you will receive a zero on the assignment. If you need an extension of the due date for the paper, please consult with me.

Non-violence as a rule of love   The mainly essential … Read More...
What is Hobbes’s view of human nature – pessimistic or optimistic? Why?

What is Hobbes’s view of human nature – pessimistic or optimistic? Why?

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ENGR 2010 (Section 02) – Assignment 7 Due: Wednesday November 25th, 11:59 pm Points: 20 Prof. Lei Reading: Sections 6.2-6.3 of Nilsson and Riedel, Electric Circuits, 9th Edition Submit electronic solutions (i.e. using Microsoft Word or a scanned copy of your written work) to the following problems on Blackboard. To receive credit, you must show work indicating how you arrived at each final answer. Problem 1 Consider the RC circuit on the right. and suppose that Vs(t) is a time-varying voltage input shown at the bottom. a) Suppose VC(0) = 0V. Plot VR(t) and VC(t) from 0ms to 300ms. Show your work in obtaining VR(t) and VC(t). b) Suppose the capacitance value is changed to 2μF, and VC(0) = 0V. Plot VR(t) and VC(t) from 0ms to 300ms. Show your work in obtaining VR(t) and VC(t). c) Explain how VC(t) qualitatively compares with Vs(t), and how VR(t) qualitatively compares with Vs(t). d) Explain how the capacitance value affects VC(t). t Vs(t) 1V -1V 50ms 100ms 150ms 200ms 250ms + – Vs(t) 100000 Ohms 1 uF + – VC(t) + – VR(t) 0ms 300ms Note: Capacitors are often used to protect against sudden changes in a voltage value, which could damage electronic components. Here, Vs(t) undergoes many sudden changes, but VC(t) undergoes less change. Problem 2 Using PSpice, perform two transient analysis simulations – one for the circuit in part (a), and one for the circuit in part(b) of problem 1 – to verify that your plots in problem 1 are correct. For each simulation, plot the traces for VR(t) and VC(t). Hint: You may need to perform arithmetic operations between simulation traces. Take a screenshot of your constructed circuits and the simulation traces for VR(t) and VC(t), which you will submit onto Blackboard. t Vs(t) 1V -1V 50ms 100ms 150ms 200ms 250ms + – Vs(t) 100000 Ohms 1 uF + – VC(t) + – VR(t) 0ms 300ms 1 uF or 2 uF Problem 3 Consider the Resistor-Diode circuit on the right, and suppose that Vs(t) is a time-varying voltage input shown at the bottom. Suppose that for the diode to turn on, it needs 0.7V between the positive and negative terminals. a) Plot VR(t) and VD(t) from 0ms to 300ms b) Explain how VD(t) qualitatively compares with Vs(t), and how VR(t) qualitatively compares with Vs(t). t Vs(t) 1V -1V 50ms 100ms 0ms 150ms 200ms 250ms 300ms + – Vs(t) 100000 Ohms + – VD(t) + – VR(t) Problem 4 Using PSpice, perform a transient analysis simulation for the circuit in problem 3 – to verify that your plots in problem 3 are correct. For the simulation, plot the traces for VR(t) and VD(t). To create the diode in PSpice, use the Dbreak component. After placing the component on the page, highlight the component, and edit the Pspice model (Edit -> PSpice Model) and set Rs to 0. Hint: You may need to perform arithmetic operations between simulation traces. Take a screenshot of your constructed circuit and the simulation traces for VR(t) and VD(t), which you will submit onto Blackboard. Note that your simulation trace plots may not be exactly the same as those from Problem 3, since the PSpice diode model has a turn-on voltage that’s not exactly 0.7V. t Vs(t) 1V -1V 50ms 100ms 0ms 150ms 200ms 250ms 300ms + – Vs(t) 100000 Ohms + – VD(t) + – VR(t) Problem 5 (Bonus: 5 points) In the circuit from problem 1 (shown on the right), write several sentences to explain why VC(t) is often referred to as the “low-pass filtered” output, and VR(t) is often referred to as the “high-pass filtered” output. You will need to look up the definitions for “low-pass” and “high-pass” filters. Examining your plots for VC(t) and VR(t) will help. t Vs(t) 1V -1V 50ms 100ms 150ms 200ms 250ms + – Vs(t) 100000 Ohms 1 uF + – VC(t) + – VR(t) 0ms 300ms

ENGR 2010 (Section 02) – Assignment 7 Due: Wednesday November 25th, 11:59 pm Points: 20 Prof. Lei Reading: Sections 6.2-6.3 of Nilsson and Riedel, Electric Circuits, 9th Edition Submit electronic solutions (i.e. using Microsoft Word or a scanned copy of your written work) to the following problems on Blackboard. To receive credit, you must show work indicating how you arrived at each final answer. Problem 1 Consider the RC circuit on the right. and suppose that Vs(t) is a time-varying voltage input shown at the bottom. a) Suppose VC(0) = 0V. Plot VR(t) and VC(t) from 0ms to 300ms. Show your work in obtaining VR(t) and VC(t). b) Suppose the capacitance value is changed to 2μF, and VC(0) = 0V. Plot VR(t) and VC(t) from 0ms to 300ms. Show your work in obtaining VR(t) and VC(t). c) Explain how VC(t) qualitatively compares with Vs(t), and how VR(t) qualitatively compares with Vs(t). d) Explain how the capacitance value affects VC(t). t Vs(t) 1V -1V 50ms 100ms 150ms 200ms 250ms + – Vs(t) 100000 Ohms 1 uF + – VC(t) + – VR(t) 0ms 300ms Note: Capacitors are often used to protect against sudden changes in a voltage value, which could damage electronic components. Here, Vs(t) undergoes many sudden changes, but VC(t) undergoes less change. Problem 2 Using PSpice, perform two transient analysis simulations – one for the circuit in part (a), and one for the circuit in part(b) of problem 1 – to verify that your plots in problem 1 are correct. For each simulation, plot the traces for VR(t) and VC(t). Hint: You may need to perform arithmetic operations between simulation traces. Take a screenshot of your constructed circuits and the simulation traces for VR(t) and VC(t), which you will submit onto Blackboard. t Vs(t) 1V -1V 50ms 100ms 150ms 200ms 250ms + – Vs(t) 100000 Ohms 1 uF + – VC(t) + – VR(t) 0ms 300ms 1 uF or 2 uF Problem 3 Consider the Resistor-Diode circuit on the right, and suppose that Vs(t) is a time-varying voltage input shown at the bottom. Suppose that for the diode to turn on, it needs 0.7V between the positive and negative terminals. a) Plot VR(t) and VD(t) from 0ms to 300ms b) Explain how VD(t) qualitatively compares with Vs(t), and how VR(t) qualitatively compares with Vs(t). t Vs(t) 1V -1V 50ms 100ms 0ms 150ms 200ms 250ms 300ms + – Vs(t) 100000 Ohms + – VD(t) + – VR(t) Problem 4 Using PSpice, perform a transient analysis simulation for the circuit in problem 3 – to verify that your plots in problem 3 are correct. For the simulation, plot the traces for VR(t) and VD(t). To create the diode in PSpice, use the Dbreak component. After placing the component on the page, highlight the component, and edit the Pspice model (Edit -> PSpice Model) and set Rs to 0. Hint: You may need to perform arithmetic operations between simulation traces. Take a screenshot of your constructed circuit and the simulation traces for VR(t) and VD(t), which you will submit onto Blackboard. Note that your simulation trace plots may not be exactly the same as those from Problem 3, since the PSpice diode model has a turn-on voltage that’s not exactly 0.7V. t Vs(t) 1V -1V 50ms 100ms 0ms 150ms 200ms 250ms 300ms + – Vs(t) 100000 Ohms + – VD(t) + – VR(t) Problem 5 (Bonus: 5 points) In the circuit from problem 1 (shown on the right), write several sentences to explain why VC(t) is often referred to as the “low-pass filtered” output, and VR(t) is often referred to as the “high-pass filtered” output. You will need to look up the definitions for “low-pass” and “high-pass” filters. Examining your plots for VC(t) and VR(t) will help. t Vs(t) 1V -1V 50ms 100ms 150ms 200ms 250ms + – Vs(t) 100000 Ohms 1 uF + – VC(t) + – VR(t) 0ms 300ms

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While transplanting flowers you accidentally damaged the roots. What is the most likely scenario that will occur as a result of damage to the roots? Select one: The slimy sheath on the root cap has been wiped off and the parenchyma cells were damaged resulting in damage to the zone of cell division. The slimy sheath on the root cap has been wiped off and the parenchyma cells were damaged resulting in damage to the zone of elongation. The slimy sheath on the root cap has been wiped off and the parenchyma cells were damaged resulting in damage to the zone of maturation. The slimy sheath on the root cap has been wiped off and the epidermal cells were damaged resulting in damage to the zone of cell division. The slimy sheath on the root cap has been wiped off and the epidermal cells were damaged resulting in damage to the zone of maturation.

While transplanting flowers you accidentally damaged the roots. What is the most likely scenario that will occur as a result of damage to the roots? Select one: The slimy sheath on the root cap has been wiped off and the parenchyma cells were damaged resulting in damage to the zone of cell division. The slimy sheath on the root cap has been wiped off and the parenchyma cells were damaged resulting in damage to the zone of elongation. The slimy sheath on the root cap has been wiped off and the parenchyma cells were damaged resulting in damage to the zone of maturation. The slimy sheath on the root cap has been wiped off and the epidermal cells were damaged resulting in damage to the zone of cell division. The slimy sheath on the root cap has been wiped off and the epidermal cells were damaged resulting in damage to the zone of maturation.

While transplanting flowers you accidentally damaged the roots.  What is … Read More...
COMM 1311: Written Communication Assignment 5 Argumentation Essay (Chapter 10, pp. 218-232, Arlov) Purpose of Assignment • The purpose of this assignment is to enable the student to write an essay with a compelling argumentation that shows critical thinking. A persuasive essay is a writer’s attempt to convince readers of the validity of a particular opinion on a controversial issue. Objectives • The student will be able to correctly structure an essay and bring forward a compelling thesis and argument. • The student will understand the creativity of the writing process and use his own ideas. • The student will be able to craft a compelling essay and show critical thinking. • The student will show that he is able to argue both sides of a topic and is willing to acknowledge a different opinion. Instructions 1. Establish a subject Choose a topic that interests you. An argument does not have to be a burning issue, but it must be a debatable topic. It can be anything you feel strongly about but it has to be approved by the instructor. 2. Present a clear thesis and identify the controversy Your thesis should inform readers of your purpose and how you will proceed in your argumentation. 3. Follow an organizational pattern and provide support The body paragraphs of the essay should provide specific support. These supports may include personal experience, statistics, facts, or experts’ opinions. They may be garnered from scientific journals, magazines, books, newspapers, textbooks, studies, or interviews. Select only the facts that are relevant. 4. Consider differing opinions A persuasive essay may be strengthened by acknowledging conflict viewpoints and discussing them. 4. Draw a conclusion Restate your position in different words from the introduction. Do not introduce new material in the conclusion. You may want to conclude by encouraging some specific call to action. Requirements The essay topic must meet the approval of the instructor: • Have a complete cover page • have at least 500 words • use full sentences (and no bullet points) • must have page numbers • must have a reference page Example writing (not a complete essay): Boxing: Countdown to Injury A left hook smashes into the fighter’s jaw. A following right slams his head the opposite direction. An uppercut to the jaw snaps his head back, momentarily stopping the blood flow to his brain. The boxer drops, hitting the mat with a thud. His brain bounces off his skull for the second time in a matter of seconds. Is this what we should call a sport? Because of injuries, neurological damage, and ring deaths, the rules of professional boxing should be changed. Boxing has always been a brutal sport. The ancient Greeks used gloves studded with metal spikes, which slashed the face and body and split skulls. Although gloves are no longer spiked, boxers today sustain injuries ranging from cuts and bruises to broken bones. It is not uncommon to see a boxer leave the ring with a cut on his face, an eye swollen shut, and a nose enlarged and bloody. Often, healing in is incomplete because these areas receive the same blows again and again in other matches. In fact, repeated blows almost cost Sugar Ray Leonard his sight when his retina detached in his left eye. Besides superficial injuries, boxers suffer short-term neurological damage as a result of staggering blows to the head. A knockout punch, for example, is often delivered with such force that the brain smashes against the skull, tearing nerve fibers and blood vessels, resulting in a concussion. Even a blow to the neck can close the carotid artery, the main artery to the brain, whereby oxygen and blood to the brain are disrupted, resulting in dizziness and confusion. Later, the boxers often have no memory of the moments before or after a knockout blow. Submission Criteria Due Date: Sunday, December 6, 2015. Late assignments will receive an automatic ZERO grade. Where to deliver hard copies: In class Assessment Criteria CRITERIA Assessment Rubric Argumentation Essay SCORES Introduction Introduces the issue and its importance, says what your essay will cover 2 Organization The sound structure of the essay 1 Expression Sentences, phrases, metaphors, verbs etc. The strength of the language used 4 Conclusion Restate the issue, summarizes the strength of the arguments in the essays, gives your opinion about which essay is the strongest with supporting reasons 1 Mechanics Followed guidelines, professional format, punctuation, spelling, and capitalization are correct, use of headings, no bullet points 2 TOTAL 10% Plagiarism, copying from the internet or any other sources without citation will result in an automatic ZERO grade and a procedure of Academic Misconduct will filed against you. The complete essay has to be created and written by you alone. Prior assignments CAN NOT be used.

COMM 1311: Written Communication Assignment 5 Argumentation Essay (Chapter 10, pp. 218-232, Arlov) Purpose of Assignment • The purpose of this assignment is to enable the student to write an essay with a compelling argumentation that shows critical thinking. A persuasive essay is a writer’s attempt to convince readers of the validity of a particular opinion on a controversial issue. Objectives • The student will be able to correctly structure an essay and bring forward a compelling thesis and argument. • The student will understand the creativity of the writing process and use his own ideas. • The student will be able to craft a compelling essay and show critical thinking. • The student will show that he is able to argue both sides of a topic and is willing to acknowledge a different opinion. Instructions 1. Establish a subject Choose a topic that interests you. An argument does not have to be a burning issue, but it must be a debatable topic. It can be anything you feel strongly about but it has to be approved by the instructor. 2. Present a clear thesis and identify the controversy Your thesis should inform readers of your purpose and how you will proceed in your argumentation. 3. Follow an organizational pattern and provide support The body paragraphs of the essay should provide specific support. These supports may include personal experience, statistics, facts, or experts’ opinions. They may be garnered from scientific journals, magazines, books, newspapers, textbooks, studies, or interviews. Select only the facts that are relevant. 4. Consider differing opinions A persuasive essay may be strengthened by acknowledging conflict viewpoints and discussing them. 4. Draw a conclusion Restate your position in different words from the introduction. Do not introduce new material in the conclusion. You may want to conclude by encouraging some specific call to action. Requirements The essay topic must meet the approval of the instructor: • Have a complete cover page • have at least 500 words • use full sentences (and no bullet points) • must have page numbers • must have a reference page Example writing (not a complete essay): Boxing: Countdown to Injury A left hook smashes into the fighter’s jaw. A following right slams his head the opposite direction. An uppercut to the jaw snaps his head back, momentarily stopping the blood flow to his brain. The boxer drops, hitting the mat with a thud. His brain bounces off his skull for the second time in a matter of seconds. Is this what we should call a sport? Because of injuries, neurological damage, and ring deaths, the rules of professional boxing should be changed. Boxing has always been a brutal sport. The ancient Greeks used gloves studded with metal spikes, which slashed the face and body and split skulls. Although gloves are no longer spiked, boxers today sustain injuries ranging from cuts and bruises to broken bones. It is not uncommon to see a boxer leave the ring with a cut on his face, an eye swollen shut, and a nose enlarged and bloody. Often, healing in is incomplete because these areas receive the same blows again and again in other matches. In fact, repeated blows almost cost Sugar Ray Leonard his sight when his retina detached in his left eye. Besides superficial injuries, boxers suffer short-term neurological damage as a result of staggering blows to the head. A knockout punch, for example, is often delivered with such force that the brain smashes against the skull, tearing nerve fibers and blood vessels, resulting in a concussion. Even a blow to the neck can close the carotid artery, the main artery to the brain, whereby oxygen and blood to the brain are disrupted, resulting in dizziness and confusion. Later, the boxers often have no memory of the moments before or after a knockout blow. Submission Criteria Due Date: Sunday, December 6, 2015. Late assignments will receive an automatic ZERO grade. Where to deliver hard copies: In class Assessment Criteria CRITERIA Assessment Rubric Argumentation Essay SCORES Introduction Introduces the issue and its importance, says what your essay will cover 2 Organization The sound structure of the essay 1 Expression Sentences, phrases, metaphors, verbs etc. The strength of the language used 4 Conclusion Restate the issue, summarizes the strength of the arguments in the essays, gives your opinion about which essay is the strongest with supporting reasons 1 Mechanics Followed guidelines, professional format, punctuation, spelling, and capitalization are correct, use of headings, no bullet points 2 TOTAL 10% Plagiarism, copying from the internet or any other sources without citation will result in an automatic ZERO grade and a procedure of Academic Misconduct will filed against you. The complete essay has to be created and written by you alone. Prior assignments CAN NOT be used.

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