Louis D. Brandeis said, “Behind every argument is someone’s ignorance.” Describe a time when someone’s lack of knowledge led to an argument. this is the topic I need an essay one page

Louis D. Brandeis said, “Behind every argument is someone’s ignorance.” Describe a time when someone’s lack of knowledge led to an argument. this is the topic I need an essay one page

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Develop a any small project plan that include the following: 1. Name of your proposed project – a business related project 2. Description of the project 3. Goals and objectives 4. Scope statement that includes requirements/deliverable, constraints and assumptions 5. Work breakdown Structure (25 items) 6. Duration of each of the tasks 7. Draw a network diagram 8. Determine the project duration 9. Identify resources, hourly rate and assigned task 10. Identify total cost 11. Identify three to five risks on the project and develop a risk response plan for each one. 12. Develop a quality standard.

Develop a any small project plan that include the following: 1. Name of your proposed project – a business related project 2. Description of the project 3. Goals and objectives 4. Scope statement that includes requirements/deliverable, constraints and assumptions 5. Work breakdown Structure (25 items) 6. Duration of each of the tasks 7. Draw a network diagram 8. Determine the project duration 9. Identify resources, hourly rate and assigned task 10. Identify total cost 11. Identify three to five risks on the project and develop a risk response plan for each one. 12. Develop a quality standard.

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Part I. (20%) Multiple Choice Questions (only one answer) 1. What is the SS7 A-link? a. Signaling Link between SSP and STP b. Signaling Link between STP and STP c. Signaling Link between SCP and SCP d. Signaling Link between SSP and SSP 2. How is a TDM trunk identified on the SS7 network? It is identified by _____. a. IP Address b. ISDN B channel c. UDP port number d. Circuit Identificaiton Code (CIC) 3. What is the layer-3 protocol for ISUP? a. IP b. Q.931 c. MTP3 d. TCAP 4. Which of the following signaling is required to support Local Number Portability (LNP)? a. SIP b. Q.931 c. SS7 d. MGCP 5. Which of the following signlaing is NOT supported on the local telephone switch? a. ISDN/Q.931 b. SIP c. SS7 d. Station Signaling 6. Which of the following protocol is used by Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN) for remote database query? One of the AIN features is 1-800/1-900 calls. a. TCAP b. ISUP c. MGCP d. SIP 7. Which of the following is an NNI signaling? a. ISDN/Q.931 b. SIP c. MGCP d. SS7 8. Which of the following message is used by Access Media Gateway (MG) to inform Media Gateway Controller (MGC) that a phone is off-hook? a. NTFY b. RQNT c. CRCX d. MDCX 9. Which of the following device supports codec (such as G.711)? a. Media Gateway Contoller b. Media Gateway (Access Gateway) c. Analog Phone d. Signaling Transfer Point (STP) 10. In MGCP, a connection is _______________ ? a. The same as a TCP connection b. The same as a phone call. c. An end-point and its associated RTP session. d. A TDM channel identified by CIC Part II Questions (10%). 1. Provide two reasons for separating Media Gateway Controller (MGC) and Media Gateway. Media gateways are often controlled by a separate Media Gateway Controller which provides the call control and signaling functionality. 2. Identify the signaling between the network devices. (enter N/A if not applicable) 1 Media Gateway Controller Media Gateway Controller 2 Media Gateway Controller Media Gateway 3 Media Gateway Controller Class-5 (local) Switch 4 Media Gateway Controller SIP Proxy 5 Media Gateway Media Gateway Part III (20%) Call Flow Diagram and protocol stacks Media Gateway Controller (MGC) also has the function of SS7 Signaling Gateway. 1. Show the call flow diagram from Phone-22 (SIP) to Phone-33 (SIP). 2. Show the call flow diagram from Phone-41 (analog) to Phone-42(analog) over the VoIP Carrier Network. Note: each signaling message is an arrow with its own label. Do not use one arrow and one label to represent multiple messages.

Part I. (20%) Multiple Choice Questions (only one answer) 1. What is the SS7 A-link? a. Signaling Link between SSP and STP b. Signaling Link between STP and STP c. Signaling Link between SCP and SCP d. Signaling Link between SSP and SSP 2. How is a TDM trunk identified on the SS7 network? It is identified by _____. a. IP Address b. ISDN B channel c. UDP port number d. Circuit Identificaiton Code (CIC) 3. What is the layer-3 protocol for ISUP? a. IP b. Q.931 c. MTP3 d. TCAP 4. Which of the following signaling is required to support Local Number Portability (LNP)? a. SIP b. Q.931 c. SS7 d. MGCP 5. Which of the following signlaing is NOT supported on the local telephone switch? a. ISDN/Q.931 b. SIP c. SS7 d. Station Signaling 6. Which of the following protocol is used by Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN) for remote database query? One of the AIN features is 1-800/1-900 calls. a. TCAP b. ISUP c. MGCP d. SIP 7. Which of the following is an NNI signaling? a. ISDN/Q.931 b. SIP c. MGCP d. SS7 8. Which of the following message is used by Access Media Gateway (MG) to inform Media Gateway Controller (MGC) that a phone is off-hook? a. NTFY b. RQNT c. CRCX d. MDCX 9. Which of the following device supports codec (such as G.711)? a. Media Gateway Contoller b. Media Gateway (Access Gateway) c. Analog Phone d. Signaling Transfer Point (STP) 10. In MGCP, a connection is _______________ ? a. The same as a TCP connection b. The same as a phone call. c. An end-point and its associated RTP session. d. A TDM channel identified by CIC Part II Questions (10%). 1. Provide two reasons for separating Media Gateway Controller (MGC) and Media Gateway. Media gateways are often controlled by a separate Media Gateway Controller which provides the call control and signaling functionality. 2. Identify the signaling between the network devices. (enter N/A if not applicable) 1 Media Gateway Controller Media Gateway Controller 2 Media Gateway Controller Media Gateway 3 Media Gateway Controller Class-5 (local) Switch 4 Media Gateway Controller SIP Proxy 5 Media Gateway Media Gateway Part III (20%) Call Flow Diagram and protocol stacks Media Gateway Controller (MGC) also has the function of SS7 Signaling Gateway. 1. Show the call flow diagram from Phone-22 (SIP) to Phone-33 (SIP). 2. Show the call flow diagram from Phone-41 (analog) to Phone-42(analog) over the VoIP Carrier Network. Note: each signaling message is an arrow with its own label. Do not use one arrow and one label to represent multiple messages.

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compare and contrast between to France and Greece, on the basis of their economic, employment, population, communications, and transportation

compare and contrast between to France and Greece, on the basis of their economic, employment, population, communications, and transportation

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1. (2 marks total) a. Multiply 109 x 309 b. Divide 1988 by 16 exactly 2. (4 marks total) a. Write 2/11 as a decimal to 2 decimal places b. Calculate 35% of 62 c. Add 103/4 to 92/3 d. Subtract 79.04 from 115.225 giving your answer correct to 2 decimal places 3. Circle the fractions in the list which are equivalent to 0.80 (2 marks) 2/7 32/40 8/10 8/20 8/25 9/24 36/45 40/50 4. Write the numerical value of: 3-3 (2 marks total) 5. Simplify z + 67 = 3z + 33 (1 mark total) 6. Solve to 1 decimal place 3y – 34 = 2y + 89 (1 mark total) 7. Solve the following equations to 2 decimal places (3 marks total) a. 37x + 1 = 35 b. 27 – a = 7.45 c. 3(y + 2) = 14 8. A 7-sided polygon is called a Heptagon. (3 marks total) a. What is the total of a Heptagon’s interior angles? b. If the Heptagon is regular (all angles the same), calculate the size of each interior angle to 2 decimal places. 9. Calculate the size of angle a and angle b. (2 mark total) 10. How many centilitres are there in 1.25 litres? (1 mark total) 11. The diagram below shows a stone carving with a hole on it; determine its volume (not including hole), if its thickness is 8 cm. Give your answer in cm3 to 2 decimal points. Assume π = 3.14 (6 marks total) 12. The diagram below shows a piece of alloy plate with a hole in it made from aluminium, copper and magnesium with a mass ratio of 35:3:2. Calculate the following to 2 decimal places. All measurements are in cm. (7 marks total) a. Using the formula A = 1/2(a+b)h calculate the height of the shape below. b. The volume of the solid part (not including the hole) of the shape below to 3 decimal places if it was 0.25cm thick. c. The mass of each material if the total mass of the plate is 62 kg. 10 cm Hole dia = 3 cm Cross sectional area of solid (not including hole) = 28.935 cm2 8 cm 13. A 66kg boy is running at 3 m/s. Calculate his Kinetic Energy using the formula KE = 1/2mv2 (2 marks total) 14. A rocket has a mass of 2,000 kg. What is its acceleration if the forces of its engines are 50kN? Show working out to receive full marks. (1 marks total) 250,000,000 m/s² 25 m/s² 25,000 m/s² 15. In the diagram below a force of 125N (F1) is applied to a lever 20cm (D1) away from the fulcrum, (4 marks total) Fulcrum (a) How far away in metres would a force of 5N (F2) need to be to balance the load? (b) How much force (F2) would need to be applied 0.7m away to balance the same load (F1)? 16. For the circuit shown in the diagram below, calculate: (3 mark total) a. The total circuit resistance. b. The value of the current I. c. Calculate the voltage of the battery cell if the current was 3amp and the resistors stayed the same. 17. In the diagram of a hydraulic system, the area of piston A is 8cm2 and the area of piston B is 48cm2. (2 mark total) If the Force IN is 16 N, calculate the force OUT. 18. Plot the graph 2y = x3 – 4 using a value range for x from 0 to 3 (3 marks total) 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 -2 Choosing appropriate scale (1 mark) Accurately plotting y values (1 mark) X 0 1 2 3 Y Accurately plotting line of best fit. (1 mark) SPARE PAPER

1. (2 marks total) a. Multiply 109 x 309 b. Divide 1988 by 16 exactly 2. (4 marks total) a. Write 2/11 as a decimal to 2 decimal places b. Calculate 35% of 62 c. Add 103/4 to 92/3 d. Subtract 79.04 from 115.225 giving your answer correct to 2 decimal places 3. Circle the fractions in the list which are equivalent to 0.80 (2 marks) 2/7 32/40 8/10 8/20 8/25 9/24 36/45 40/50 4. Write the numerical value of: 3-3 (2 marks total) 5. Simplify z + 67 = 3z + 33 (1 mark total) 6. Solve to 1 decimal place 3y – 34 = 2y + 89 (1 mark total) 7. Solve the following equations to 2 decimal places (3 marks total) a. 37x + 1 = 35 b. 27 – a = 7.45 c. 3(y + 2) = 14 8. A 7-sided polygon is called a Heptagon. (3 marks total) a. What is the total of a Heptagon’s interior angles? b. If the Heptagon is regular (all angles the same), calculate the size of each interior angle to 2 decimal places. 9. Calculate the size of angle a and angle b. (2 mark total) 10. How many centilitres are there in 1.25 litres? (1 mark total) 11. The diagram below shows a stone carving with a hole on it; determine its volume (not including hole), if its thickness is 8 cm. Give your answer in cm3 to 2 decimal points. Assume π = 3.14 (6 marks total) 12. The diagram below shows a piece of alloy plate with a hole in it made from aluminium, copper and magnesium with a mass ratio of 35:3:2. Calculate the following to 2 decimal places. All measurements are in cm. (7 marks total) a. Using the formula A = 1/2(a+b)h calculate the height of the shape below. b. The volume of the solid part (not including the hole) of the shape below to 3 decimal places if it was 0.25cm thick. c. The mass of each material if the total mass of the plate is 62 kg. 10 cm Hole dia = 3 cm Cross sectional area of solid (not including hole) = 28.935 cm2 8 cm 13. A 66kg boy is running at 3 m/s. Calculate his Kinetic Energy using the formula KE = 1/2mv2 (2 marks total) 14. A rocket has a mass of 2,000 kg. What is its acceleration if the forces of its engines are 50kN? Show working out to receive full marks. (1 marks total) 250,000,000 m/s² 25 m/s² 25,000 m/s² 15. In the diagram below a force of 125N (F1) is applied to a lever 20cm (D1) away from the fulcrum, (4 marks total) Fulcrum (a) How far away in metres would a force of 5N (F2) need to be to balance the load? (b) How much force (F2) would need to be applied 0.7m away to balance the same load (F1)? 16. For the circuit shown in the diagram below, calculate: (3 mark total) a. The total circuit resistance. b. The value of the current I. c. Calculate the voltage of the battery cell if the current was 3amp and the resistors stayed the same. 17. In the diagram of a hydraulic system, the area of piston A is 8cm2 and the area of piston B is 48cm2. (2 mark total) If the Force IN is 16 N, calculate the force OUT. 18. Plot the graph 2y = x3 – 4 using a value range for x from 0 to 3 (3 marks total) 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 -2 Choosing appropriate scale (1 mark) Accurately plotting y values (1 mark) X 0 1 2 3 Y Accurately plotting line of best fit. (1 mark) SPARE PAPER

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1-Two notions serve as the basis for all torts: wrongs and compensation. True False 2-The goal of tort law is to put a defendant in the position that he or she would have been in had the tort occurred to the defendant. True False 3-Hayley is injured in an accident precipitated by Isolde. Hayley files a tort action against Isolde, seeking to recover for the damage suffered. Damages that are intended to compensate or reimburse a plaintiff for actual losses are: compensatory damages. reimbursement damages. actual damages. punitive damages. 4-Ladd throws a rock intending to hit Minh but misses and hits Nasir instead. On the basis of the tort of battery, Nasir can sue: Ladd. Minh. the rightful owner of the rock. no one. 4-Luella trespasses on Merchandise Mart’s property. Through the use of reasonable force, Merchandise Mart’s security guard detains Luella until the police arrive. Merchandise Mart is liable for: assault. battery. false imprisonment. none of the choice 6-The extreme risk of an activity is a defense against imposing strict liability. True False 7-Misrepresentation in an ad is enough to show an intent to induce the reliance of anyone who may use the product. True False 8-Luke is playing a video game on a defective disk that melts in his game player, starting a fire that injures his hands. Luke files a suit against Mystic Maze, Inc., the game’s maker under the doctrine of strict liability. A significant application of this doctrine is in the area of: cyber torts. intentional torts. product liability. unintentional torts 9-More than two hundred years ago, the Declaration of Independence recognized the importance of protecting creative works. True False 10-n 2014, Cloud Computing Corporation registers its trademark as provided by federal law. After the first renewal, this registration: is renewable every ten years. is renewable every twenty years. runs for life of the corporation plus seventy years. runs forever. 11-Wendy works as a weather announcer for a TV station under the character name Weather Wendy. Wendy can register her character’s name as: a certification mark. a trade name. a service mark. none of the choices 12-Much of the material on the Internet, including software and database information, is not copyrighted. True False 13-In a criminal case, the state must prove its case by a preponderance of the evidence. True False 14-Under the Fourth Amendmentt, general searches through a person’s belongings are permissible. True False 15-Maura enters a gas station and points a gun at the clerk Nate. She then forces Nate to open the cash register and give her all the money. Maura can be charged with: burglary. robbery. larceny. receiving stolen property. 16-Reno, driving while intoxicated, causes a car accident that results in the death of Santo. Reno is arrested and charged with a felony. A felony is a crime punishable by death or imprisonment for: any period of time. more than one year. more than six months. more than ten days. 17-Corporate officers and directors may be held criminally liable for the actions of employees under their supervision. True False 18-Sal assures Tom that she will deliver a truckload of hay to his cattle ranch. A person’s declaration to do a certain act is part of the definition of: an expectation. a moral obligation. a prediction. a promise. 19-Lark promises to buy Mac’s used textbook for $60. Lark is: an offeror. an offeree a promisee. a promisor. 20-Casey offers to sell a certain used forklift to DIY Lumber Outlet, but Casey dies before DIY accepts. Most likely, Casey’s death: did not affect the offer. shortened the time of the offer but did not terminated it. extended the time of the offer. terminated the offer.

1-Two notions serve as the basis for all torts: wrongs and compensation. True False 2-The goal of tort law is to put a defendant in the position that he or she would have been in had the tort occurred to the defendant. True False 3-Hayley is injured in an accident precipitated by Isolde. Hayley files a tort action against Isolde, seeking to recover for the damage suffered. Damages that are intended to compensate or reimburse a plaintiff for actual losses are: compensatory damages. reimbursement damages. actual damages. punitive damages. 4-Ladd throws a rock intending to hit Minh but misses and hits Nasir instead. On the basis of the tort of battery, Nasir can sue: Ladd. Minh. the rightful owner of the rock. no one. 4-Luella trespasses on Merchandise Mart’s property. Through the use of reasonable force, Merchandise Mart’s security guard detains Luella until the police arrive. Merchandise Mart is liable for: assault. battery. false imprisonment. none of the choice 6-The extreme risk of an activity is a defense against imposing strict liability. True False 7-Misrepresentation in an ad is enough to show an intent to induce the reliance of anyone who may use the product. True False 8-Luke is playing a video game on a defective disk that melts in his game player, starting a fire that injures his hands. Luke files a suit against Mystic Maze, Inc., the game’s maker under the doctrine of strict liability. A significant application of this doctrine is in the area of: cyber torts. intentional torts. product liability. unintentional torts 9-More than two hundred years ago, the Declaration of Independence recognized the importance of protecting creative works. True False 10-n 2014, Cloud Computing Corporation registers its trademark as provided by federal law. After the first renewal, this registration: is renewable every ten years. is renewable every twenty years. runs for life of the corporation plus seventy years. runs forever. 11-Wendy works as a weather announcer for a TV station under the character name Weather Wendy. Wendy can register her character’s name as: a certification mark. a trade name. a service mark. none of the choices 12-Much of the material on the Internet, including software and database information, is not copyrighted. True False 13-In a criminal case, the state must prove its case by a preponderance of the evidence. True False 14-Under the Fourth Amendmentt, general searches through a person’s belongings are permissible. True False 15-Maura enters a gas station and points a gun at the clerk Nate. She then forces Nate to open the cash register and give her all the money. Maura can be charged with: burglary. robbery. larceny. receiving stolen property. 16-Reno, driving while intoxicated, causes a car accident that results in the death of Santo. Reno is arrested and charged with a felony. A felony is a crime punishable by death or imprisonment for: any period of time. more than one year. more than six months. more than ten days. 17-Corporate officers and directors may be held criminally liable for the actions of employees under their supervision. True False 18-Sal assures Tom that she will deliver a truckload of hay to his cattle ranch. A person’s declaration to do a certain act is part of the definition of: an expectation. a moral obligation. a prediction. a promise. 19-Lark promises to buy Mac’s used textbook for $60. Lark is: an offeror. an offeree a promisee. a promisor. 20-Casey offers to sell a certain used forklift to DIY Lumber Outlet, but Casey dies before DIY accepts. Most likely, Casey’s death: did not affect the offer. shortened the time of the offer but did not terminated it. extended the time of the offer. terminated the offer.

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1. How does Lewis portray “Hell”? Do you consider this an effective portrayal? Why or why not? 2. Of all the conversations between “Ghosts” and “Solid Spirits” depicted in the book, which one do you find most interesting? Why? 3. Based on your reading of The Great Divorce, how would you characterize Lewis’ understanding of the nature of “sin”? In other words, according to Lewis, what fundamental “sin” brings people to (and keeps people in) “Hell”? Use specific examples to illustrate your point.

1. How does Lewis portray “Hell”? Do you consider this an effective portrayal? Why or why not? 2. Of all the conversations between “Ghosts” and “Solid Spirits” depicted in the book, which one do you find most interesting? Why? 3. Based on your reading of The Great Divorce, how would you characterize Lewis’ understanding of the nature of “sin”? In other words, according to Lewis, what fundamental “sin” brings people to (and keeps people in) “Hell”? Use specific examples to illustrate your point.

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