8. Discuss the marketing and supply chain risks and benefits related to product complexity?

8. Discuss the marketing and supply chain risks and benefits related to product complexity?

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Economic order quantity (EOQ) questions: 1. An equipment contains 30 parts of the same type. The part has a predicted mean failure frequency of 10,000 hours. The equipment operates 24 hours a day, and spares are provisioned at 90-day intervals. How many spares should be carried in the inventory to ensure a 95% probability of having a spare available when required? 2. Determine the EOQ of an item for spares inventory replenishment, where: a. the cost per unit is $100 b. The cost of preparing for a shipment and sending a truck to the warehouse is $25 c. The estimated cost of holding the inventory, including capital tied up, is 25% of the initial inventory value D. The annual demand is 200 units. Assume that the cost per order and the inventory carrying charge is fixed.

Economic order quantity (EOQ) questions: 1. An equipment contains 30 parts of the same type. The part has a predicted mean failure frequency of 10,000 hours. The equipment operates 24 hours a day, and spares are provisioned at 90-day intervals. How many spares should be carried in the inventory to ensure a 95% probability of having a spare available when required? 2. Determine the EOQ of an item for spares inventory replenishment, where: a. the cost per unit is $100 b. The cost of preparing for a shipment and sending a truck to the warehouse is $25 c. The estimated cost of holding the inventory, including capital tied up, is 25% of the initial inventory value D. The annual demand is 200 units. Assume that the cost per order and the inventory carrying charge is fixed.

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1 REQUIREMENTS You will need to complete the following tasks and deliver your finding in a written report by August 6th. Research the six scenarios given below in option 1 for added capacity to uncover any additional costs/benefits to society these options might pose. Write a two page summary describing each scenario. Discuss the pros and cons of each scenario, including such items as renewable sources of fuel, environmental factors, etc. Give examples of each type of project by name and location and indicate the sources of your information. Please use either IEEE or APA style. Do an economic analysis of the six scenarios. Use a 20-year period and assume an inflation rate of 4 percent. Include your calculations and any assumptions in the report. Also answer the following questions: Which scenario is the best from an economic basis? Are there any other considerations, such as environmental/health/social issues, which should be considered? Which scenario have you selected based on the answers to a and b? What is the estimated timeframe to implement the different options? (base your timelines on existing projects of similar size if possible, use MS Project/Project Libre to generate the timelines) Make a recommendation regarding the best option for the utility. 2 Situations A utility company in one of the western states is considering the addition of 50 megawatts of generating capacity to meet expected demands for electrical energy by the year 2025. The three options that the utility has are: Add generating capacity. Constructing one of the scenarios below would do this. Purchase power from Canada under terms of a 20-year contract. Do neither of the above. This assumes that brownouts will occur during high demand periods. The utility presently has 200 megawatts of installed capacity and generates an average of 1.2 billion kilowatt-hours annually. Maximum generation capability is 1.3 billion kW-hours. By the year 2025, this reserve of 100,000,000 kW-hours will be used. 2.1 OPTION 1 – ADD GENERATING CAPACITY For this option there are six possible scenarios: Hydroelectric dam. Initial cost is $ 50 million. Annual operating and maintenance cost is $ 1.7 million. Project life is 30 years before a major rebuild is required. Wind farm. Initial cost is $ 28 million. Annual operating and maintenance cost is $ 2.5 million. Project life is 12 years. At this time new equipment will be required. Solar power. Initial cost is $ 32 million. Annual operating and maintenance cost is $ 1.1 million. Project life is 10 years. Natural gas turbines. Initial cost is $ 14 million. Annual operating and maintenance cost is $2.0 million. Project life is 12 years. Nuclear plant. Initial cost is $ 70 million. Annual operating and maintenance cost is $ 2.0 million. Project life is 25 years. Coal-fired turbines. Initial cost is $ 35 million. Annual operating and maintenance cost is $ 2.7 million. Project life is 28 years. 2.2 OPTION 2 – BUY POWER FROM CANADA The annual additional energy requirement is 350,000,000 kilowatt-hours. The cost of energy from Canada is 1.48 cents per kilowatt-hour for the first year. The price will be escalated at 4 percent annually for the 20-year contract period. 2.3 OPTION 3 – DO NOTHING Local municipalities are very opposed to this option since companies may have to close down for short periods of time. Also, it would be very difficult to attract new businesses. If nothing is done, by the year 2025 it is anticipated that some companies will be without power for short periods of time during the summer months. These are known as brownouts. It is estimated, based on historical data that these outages will occur once a week during July and August for periods of 6 hours.

1 REQUIREMENTS You will need to complete the following tasks and deliver your finding in a written report by August 6th. Research the six scenarios given below in option 1 for added capacity to uncover any additional costs/benefits to society these options might pose. Write a two page summary describing each scenario. Discuss the pros and cons of each scenario, including such items as renewable sources of fuel, environmental factors, etc. Give examples of each type of project by name and location and indicate the sources of your information. Please use either IEEE or APA style. Do an economic analysis of the six scenarios. Use a 20-year period and assume an inflation rate of 4 percent. Include your calculations and any assumptions in the report. Also answer the following questions: Which scenario is the best from an economic basis? Are there any other considerations, such as environmental/health/social issues, which should be considered? Which scenario have you selected based on the answers to a and b? What is the estimated timeframe to implement the different options? (base your timelines on existing projects of similar size if possible, use MS Project/Project Libre to generate the timelines) Make a recommendation regarding the best option for the utility. 2 Situations A utility company in one of the western states is considering the addition of 50 megawatts of generating capacity to meet expected demands for electrical energy by the year 2025. The three options that the utility has are: Add generating capacity. Constructing one of the scenarios below would do this. Purchase power from Canada under terms of a 20-year contract. Do neither of the above. This assumes that brownouts will occur during high demand periods. The utility presently has 200 megawatts of installed capacity and generates an average of 1.2 billion kilowatt-hours annually. Maximum generation capability is 1.3 billion kW-hours. By the year 2025, this reserve of 100,000,000 kW-hours will be used. 2.1 OPTION 1 – ADD GENERATING CAPACITY For this option there are six possible scenarios: Hydroelectric dam. Initial cost is $ 50 million. Annual operating and maintenance cost is $ 1.7 million. Project life is 30 years before a major rebuild is required. Wind farm. Initial cost is $ 28 million. Annual operating and maintenance cost is $ 2.5 million. Project life is 12 years. At this time new equipment will be required. Solar power. Initial cost is $ 32 million. Annual operating and maintenance cost is $ 1.1 million. Project life is 10 years. Natural gas turbines. Initial cost is $ 14 million. Annual operating and maintenance cost is $2.0 million. Project life is 12 years. Nuclear plant. Initial cost is $ 70 million. Annual operating and maintenance cost is $ 2.0 million. Project life is 25 years. Coal-fired turbines. Initial cost is $ 35 million. Annual operating and maintenance cost is $ 2.7 million. Project life is 28 years. 2.2 OPTION 2 – BUY POWER FROM CANADA The annual additional energy requirement is 350,000,000 kilowatt-hours. The cost of energy from Canada is 1.48 cents per kilowatt-hour for the first year. The price will be escalated at 4 percent annually for the 20-year contract period. 2.3 OPTION 3 – DO NOTHING Local municipalities are very opposed to this option since companies may have to close down for short periods of time. Also, it would be very difficult to attract new businesses. If nothing is done, by the year 2025 it is anticipated that some companies will be without power for short periods of time during the summer months. These are known as brownouts. It is estimated, based on historical data that these outages will occur once a week during July and August for periods of 6 hours.

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suppose there is a simultaneous increase in demand and increase in supply. given the information, we know with certainly that. A) the equilibrium price will increase, B) the equilibrium quantity will increase , C) the equilibrium price will increase, and the equilibrium quantity will increase , D) both the equilibrium price and equilibrium quantity will increase.

suppose there is a simultaneous increase in demand and increase in supply. given the information, we know with certainly that. A) the equilibrium price will increase, B) the equilibrium quantity will increase , C) the equilibrium price will increase, and the equilibrium quantity will increase , D) both the equilibrium price and equilibrium quantity will increase.

answer D
One of the military Exchange’s ware houses ships an average of 20 cases per day of soda to its stores located at forward operating locations; the standard deviation of demand for the so dais 5 cases. The cost of holding a case of so dais 30¢ per year. The cost of placing an order forth esoda with the manufacturer is $100.The ware house operates 300days in a year. a) Suppose the ware house were to adopt a continuous review system of inventory replacement .What should the order size be?

One of the military Exchange’s ware houses ships an average of 20 cases per day of soda to its stores located at forward operating locations; the standard deviation of demand for the so dais 5 cases. The cost of holding a case of so dais 30¢ per year. The cost of placing an order forth esoda with the manufacturer is $100.The ware house operates 300days in a year. a) Suppose the ware house were to adopt a continuous review system of inventory replacement .What should the order size be?

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In the country of Wiknam, there is only one firm that produces and sells soccer ball. Initially international trade is prohibited in the country. The following equations describe the monopolist’s demand, marginal revenue, total cost and marginal cost: Demand: P = 10 – Q Marginal Revenue: MR = 10 – 2Q Total Cost: TC = 3 + Q + 0.5Q2 Marginal Cost: MC = 1 + Q Q stands for quantity and P is the price measured in Wiknamian dollars. a) [20 marks] How many soccer balls does the monopolist produce? At what price are they sold? What is the monopolist’s profit? Show all your calculations. b) [10 marks] One day, the King of Wiknam decrees that henceforth, there will be free trade- either imports or exports- of soccer balls at the world price of $6. The firm now becomes a price taker in a competitive market. What happens to domestic production of soccer balls? What happens to domestic consumption? Does Wiknam export or import soccer balls? c) [10 marks] Suppose that the world price was not $6, but instead, happens to be exactly the same as the domestic price without trade as determined in part a) above. Would allowing trade change anything for the Wiknamian economy? Explain

In the country of Wiknam, there is only one firm that produces and sells soccer ball. Initially international trade is prohibited in the country. The following equations describe the monopolist’s demand, marginal revenue, total cost and marginal cost: Demand: P = 10 – Q Marginal Revenue: MR = 10 – 2Q Total Cost: TC = 3 + Q + 0.5Q2 Marginal Cost: MC = 1 + Q Q stands for quantity and P is the price measured in Wiknamian dollars. a) [20 marks] How many soccer balls does the monopolist produce? At what price are they sold? What is the monopolist’s profit? Show all your calculations. b) [10 marks] One day, the King of Wiknam decrees that henceforth, there will be free trade- either imports or exports- of soccer balls at the world price of $6. The firm now becomes a price taker in a competitive market. What happens to domestic production of soccer balls? What happens to domestic consumption? Does Wiknam export or import soccer balls? c) [10 marks] Suppose that the world price was not $6, but instead, happens to be exactly the same as the domestic price without trade as determined in part a) above. Would allowing trade change anything for the Wiknamian economy? Explain

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1. How does the milk market respond to the following events? Show Change in Supply or Demand. A) Mad cow disease hits the US herds B) Genetically Enhanced cows are 80% of all the milk cows are destroyed created and produce 30% more milk $$ Supply $$ Supply Demand Demand 0 Quantity 0 Quantity EXPLAIN: EXPLAIN: C) Moms learn that if kids drink a gallon of D) A drought wipes out all the grain milk a day, they are guaranteed to get crops and there is no breakfast prefect grades cereal produced this year. $$ Supply $$ Supply Demand Demand 0 Quantity 0 Quantity EXPLAIN: EXPLAIN: 2. The market for movie tickets has the following demand and supply schedule. (4 points) Price Demand Supply $$ $10 35 165 $8 65 105 $7 87 87 $6 99 65 $5 130 55 $3 170 35 o Q A) GRAPH Demand & Supply B) What is the equilbrium price of Movie Tickets? C) If a Price Floor of $8 is imposed on market, how many Movie Tickets are sold? D) If a Price Ceiling of $5 is imposed on the market, how many Movie Tickets are sold? 3. The economy of Winterland, produces snowflakes and icicles. Icicles Snowflakes Icicles 352 0 280 250 215 400 160 550 105 700 51 850 0 950 0 Snowflakes A) Graph Winterland’s Production Possibility Frontier. LABEL THE POINTS B) What is the Opportunity Cost of making 215 Icicles? C) What is the Opportunity Cost of making 700 Snowflakes? D) Can Harmony make 160 Icicles and 500 Snowflakes at the same time? Why or Why Not? E) Does it make sense for Harmony to choose to produce 352 Icicles and 0 Snowflakes

1. How does the milk market respond to the following events? Show Change in Supply or Demand. A) Mad cow disease hits the US herds B) Genetically Enhanced cows are 80% of all the milk cows are destroyed created and produce 30% more milk $$ Supply $$ Supply Demand Demand 0 Quantity 0 Quantity EXPLAIN: EXPLAIN: C) Moms learn that if kids drink a gallon of D) A drought wipes out all the grain milk a day, they are guaranteed to get crops and there is no breakfast prefect grades cereal produced this year. $$ Supply $$ Supply Demand Demand 0 Quantity 0 Quantity EXPLAIN: EXPLAIN: 2. The market for movie tickets has the following demand and supply schedule. (4 points) Price Demand Supply $$ $10 35 165 $8 65 105 $7 87 87 $6 99 65 $5 130 55 $3 170 35 o Q A) GRAPH Demand & Supply B) What is the equilbrium price of Movie Tickets? C) If a Price Floor of $8 is imposed on market, how many Movie Tickets are sold? D) If a Price Ceiling of $5 is imposed on the market, how many Movie Tickets are sold? 3. The economy of Winterland, produces snowflakes and icicles. Icicles Snowflakes Icicles 352 0 280 250 215 400 160 550 105 700 51 850 0 950 0 Snowflakes A) Graph Winterland’s Production Possibility Frontier. LABEL THE POINTS B) What is the Opportunity Cost of making 215 Icicles? C) What is the Opportunity Cost of making 700 Snowflakes? D) Can Harmony make 160 Icicles and 500 Snowflakes at the same time? Why or Why Not? E) Does it make sense for Harmony to choose to produce 352 Icicles and 0 Snowflakes

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