Sex, Gender, and Popular Culture Spring 2015 Look through popular magazines, and see if you can find advertisements that objectify women in order to sell a product. Alternately, you may use an advertisement on television (but make sure to provide a link to the ad so I can see it!). Study these images then write a paper about objectification that deals with all or some of the following: • What effect(s), if any, do you think the objectification of women’s bodies has on our culture? • Jean Kilbourne states “turning a human being into a thing is almost always the first step toward justifying violence against that person.” What do you think she means by this? Do you agree with her reasoning? Why or why not? • Some people would argue that depicting a woman’s body as an object is a form of art. What is your opinion of this point of view? Explain your reasoning. • Why do you think that women are objectified more often than men are? • How does sexualization and objectification play out differently across racial lines? • Kilbourne explains that the consequences of being objectified are different – and more serious – for women than for men. Do you agree? How is the world different for women than it is for men? How do objectified images of women interact with those in our culture differently from the way images of men do? Why is it important to look at images in the context of the culture? • What is the difference between sexual objectification and sexual subjectification? (Ros Gill ) • How do ads construct violent white masculinity and how does that vision of masculinity hurt both men and women? Throughout your written analysis, be sure to make clear and specific reference to the images you selected, and please submit these images with your paper. Make sure you engage with and reference to at least 4 of the following authors: Kilbourne, Bordo, Hunter & Soto, Rose, Durham, Gill, Katz, Schuchardt, Ono and Buescher. Guidelines:  Keep your content focused on structural, systemic, institutional factors rather than the individual: BE ANALYTICAL NOT ANECDOTAL.  Avoid using the first person or including personal stories/reactions. You must make sure to actively engage with your readings: these essays need to be informed and framed by the theoretical material you have been reading this semester.  Keep within the 4-6 page limit; use 12-point font, double spacing and 1-inch margins.  Use formal writing conventions (introduction/thesis statement, body, conclusion) and correct grammar. Resources may be cited within the text of your paper, i.e. (Walters, 2013).

Sex, Gender, and Popular Culture Spring 2015 Look through popular magazines, and see if you can find advertisements that objectify women in order to sell a product. Alternately, you may use an advertisement on television (but make sure to provide a link to the ad so I can see it!). Study these images then write a paper about objectification that deals with all or some of the following: • What effect(s), if any, do you think the objectification of women’s bodies has on our culture? • Jean Kilbourne states “turning a human being into a thing is almost always the first step toward justifying violence against that person.” What do you think she means by this? Do you agree with her reasoning? Why or why not? • Some people would argue that depicting a woman’s body as an object is a form of art. What is your opinion of this point of view? Explain your reasoning. • Why do you think that women are objectified more often than men are? • How does sexualization and objectification play out differently across racial lines? • Kilbourne explains that the consequences of being objectified are different – and more serious – for women than for men. Do you agree? How is the world different for women than it is for men? How do objectified images of women interact with those in our culture differently from the way images of men do? Why is it important to look at images in the context of the culture? • What is the difference between sexual objectification and sexual subjectification? (Ros Gill ) • How do ads construct violent white masculinity and how does that vision of masculinity hurt both men and women? Throughout your written analysis, be sure to make clear and specific reference to the images you selected, and please submit these images with your paper. Make sure you engage with and reference to at least 4 of the following authors: Kilbourne, Bordo, Hunter & Soto, Rose, Durham, Gill, Katz, Schuchardt, Ono and Buescher. Guidelines:  Keep your content focused on structural, systemic, institutional factors rather than the individual: BE ANALYTICAL NOT ANECDOTAL.  Avoid using the first person or including personal stories/reactions. You must make sure to actively engage with your readings: these essays need to be informed and framed by the theoretical material you have been reading this semester.  Keep within the 4-6 page limit; use 12-point font, double spacing and 1-inch margins.  Use formal writing conventions (introduction/thesis statement, body, conclusion) and correct grammar. Resources may be cited within the text of your paper, i.e. (Walters, 2013).

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When researchers say, “preferences need no inferences” with respect to emotion, what are they really arguing? Appraisal does not need to come first in the emotion process. Appraisal must come first in the emotion process. Personality traits are more important than situations for determining emotions. Attitudes are more important than personality traits for determining emotions.

When researchers say, “preferences need no inferences” with respect to emotion, what are they really arguing? Appraisal does not need to come first in the emotion process. Appraisal must come first in the emotion process. Personality traits are more important than situations for determining emotions. Attitudes are more important than personality traits for determining emotions.

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It was believed that in Greek music, modes, similar to later notes and scales, caused the listeners to experience each of the following emotions and ethical effects EXCEPT ______.

It was believed that in Greek music, modes, similar to later notes and scales, caused the listeners to experience each of the following emotions and ethical effects EXCEPT ______.

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Quiz Page 1 of 2 Note: It is recommended that you save your response as you complete each question. ________________________________________ Question 1 (1 point) Which of the following can cause cervicitis? Question 1 options: Candida Sexually transmitted infections Irritation from a contraceptive All of these choices are correct Question 2 (1 point) There is every indication that cervical cancer may take _____ or more years to develop. Question 2 options: 5 15 2 10 Question 3 (1 point) Cervical cancer is found almost exclusively in women who have been Question 3 options: sexually active underweight celibate overweight Question 4 (1 point) The best predictor for survival of ovarian cancer is Question 4 options: the sexual history of the patient how far the tumor has spread the amount of diagnostic measures taken the attitude (positive or negative) of the patient Question 5 (1 point) The current recommendation for most women, after becoming sexually active or starting at age 21, is to have a Pap smear done Question 5 options: once every 3 years once every year once every 5 years once every 6 months Page 1 of 2 ________________________________________ Quiz Page 2 of 2 Note: It is recommended that you save your response as you complete each question. Question 6 (1 point) Which of the following is not a fibroid classification? Question 6 options: Submucous Subserous Extramural Intramural Question 7 (1 point) Statistics indicate that _____ of breast cancers are diagnosed when women are between 45 and 64 years of age. Question 7 options: 47% 14% 22% 35% Question 8 (1 point) Ovarian cancers are classified according to their: Question 8 options: Cellular origin Symptoms Genetic predispositions All of these choices are correct Question 9 (1 point) The primary initial symptom of endometrial cancer is Question 9 options: odiferous vaginal discharge abnormal and painless vaginal bleeding painful, often incapacitating, cramps involuntary uterine contractions Question 10 (1 point) Ovarian cancers are considered the worst of gynecological malignancies because Question 10 options: they sometimes develop slowly they are often symptomless until it is too late too little is known about this disease both A and B are correct choices Page 2 of 2 Quiz 8 Quiz Page 2 of 2 Note: It is recommended that you save your response as you complete each question. Question 6 (1 point) The best predictor for survival of ovarian cancer is Question 6 options: the sexual history of the patient how far the tumor has spread the attitude (positive or negative) of the patient the amount of diagnostic measures taken Question 7 (1 point) Ovarian cancers are classified according to their: Question 7 options: Genetic predispositions Symptoms Cellular origin All of these choices are correct Question 8 (1 point) The primary initial symptom of endometrial cancer is Question 8 options: involuntary uterine contractions painful, often incapacitating, cramps abnormal and painless vaginal bleeding odiferous vaginal discharge Question 9 (1 point) Cervical cancer is found almost exclusively in women who have been Question 9 options: sexually active underweight celibate overweight Question 10 (1 point) Several screening techniques for early detection of ovarian cancer have been developed. As of yet _____ have proven effective. Question 10 options: 50% All None 25% Page 2 of 2 ________________________________________ Quiz Page 1 of 2 Note: It is recommended that you save your response as you complete each question. ________________________________________ Question 1 (1 point) The unsubstantiated idea that the uterus was damaged by sports and emotions remained common into the: Question 1 options: 1890s 1950s 1920s 1970s Question 2 (1 point) Which of the following can cause cervicitis? Question 2 options: Candida Sexually transmitted infections Irritation from a contraceptive All of these choices are correct Question 3 (1 point) There is every indication that cervical cancer may take _____ or more years to develop. Question 3 options: 10 5 2 15 Question 4 (1 point) Which of the following is not a fibroid classification? Question 4 options: Intramural Subserous Extramural Submucous Question 5 (1 point) Ovarian cancers are considered the worst of gynecological malignancies because Question 5 options: they sometimes develop slowly they are often symptomless until it is too late too little is known about this disease both A and B are correct choices Page 1 of 2 ________________________________________

Quiz Page 1 of 2 Note: It is recommended that you save your response as you complete each question. ________________________________________ Question 1 (1 point) Which of the following can cause cervicitis? Question 1 options: Candida Sexually transmitted infections Irritation from a contraceptive All of these choices are correct Question 2 (1 point) There is every indication that cervical cancer may take _____ or more years to develop. Question 2 options: 5 15 2 10 Question 3 (1 point) Cervical cancer is found almost exclusively in women who have been Question 3 options: sexually active underweight celibate overweight Question 4 (1 point) The best predictor for survival of ovarian cancer is Question 4 options: the sexual history of the patient how far the tumor has spread the amount of diagnostic measures taken the attitude (positive or negative) of the patient Question 5 (1 point) The current recommendation for most women, after becoming sexually active or starting at age 21, is to have a Pap smear done Question 5 options: once every 3 years once every year once every 5 years once every 6 months Page 1 of 2 ________________________________________ Quiz Page 2 of 2 Note: It is recommended that you save your response as you complete each question. Question 6 (1 point) Which of the following is not a fibroid classification? Question 6 options: Submucous Subserous Extramural Intramural Question 7 (1 point) Statistics indicate that _____ of breast cancers are diagnosed when women are between 45 and 64 years of age. Question 7 options: 47% 14% 22% 35% Question 8 (1 point) Ovarian cancers are classified according to their: Question 8 options: Cellular origin Symptoms Genetic predispositions All of these choices are correct Question 9 (1 point) The primary initial symptom of endometrial cancer is Question 9 options: odiferous vaginal discharge abnormal and painless vaginal bleeding painful, often incapacitating, cramps involuntary uterine contractions Question 10 (1 point) Ovarian cancers are considered the worst of gynecological malignancies because Question 10 options: they sometimes develop slowly they are often symptomless until it is too late too little is known about this disease both A and B are correct choices Page 2 of 2 Quiz 8 Quiz Page 2 of 2 Note: It is recommended that you save your response as you complete each question. Question 6 (1 point) The best predictor for survival of ovarian cancer is Question 6 options: the sexual history of the patient how far the tumor has spread the attitude (positive or negative) of the patient the amount of diagnostic measures taken Question 7 (1 point) Ovarian cancers are classified according to their: Question 7 options: Genetic predispositions Symptoms Cellular origin All of these choices are correct Question 8 (1 point) The primary initial symptom of endometrial cancer is Question 8 options: involuntary uterine contractions painful, often incapacitating, cramps abnormal and painless vaginal bleeding odiferous vaginal discharge Question 9 (1 point) Cervical cancer is found almost exclusively in women who have been Question 9 options: sexually active underweight celibate overweight Question 10 (1 point) Several screening techniques for early detection of ovarian cancer have been developed. As of yet _____ have proven effective. Question 10 options: 50% All None 25% Page 2 of 2 ________________________________________ Quiz Page 1 of 2 Note: It is recommended that you save your response as you complete each question. ________________________________________ Question 1 (1 point) The unsubstantiated idea that the uterus was damaged by sports and emotions remained common into the: Question 1 options: 1890s 1950s 1920s 1970s Question 2 (1 point) Which of the following can cause cervicitis? Question 2 options: Candida Sexually transmitted infections Irritation from a contraceptive All of these choices are correct Question 3 (1 point) There is every indication that cervical cancer may take _____ or more years to develop. Question 3 options: 10 5 2 15 Question 4 (1 point) Which of the following is not a fibroid classification? Question 4 options: Intramural Subserous Extramural Submucous Question 5 (1 point) Ovarian cancers are considered the worst of gynecological malignancies because Question 5 options: they sometimes develop slowly they are often symptomless until it is too late too little is known about this disease both A and B are correct choices Page 1 of 2 ________________________________________

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According to the text, which of the following is an example of the negative consequences associated with rapidly changing emotions? Frequent emotional swings cause stress to both the person experiencing them and surrounding others. Frequent emotional swings limit the individual’s capacity to adapt to any one environment. Frequent emotional swings create social distance and sometimes result in chronic depression. Frequent emotional swings typically create many more negative emotional experiences than positive emotional experiences.

According to the text, which of the following is an example of the negative consequences associated with rapidly changing emotions? Frequent emotional swings cause stress to both the person experiencing them and surrounding others. Frequent emotional swings limit the individual’s capacity to adapt to any one environment. Frequent emotional swings create social distance and sometimes result in chronic depression. Frequent emotional swings typically create many more negative emotional experiences than positive emotional experiences.

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When researchers say, “preferences need no inferences” with respect to emotion, what are they really arguing? Question 9 options: Appraisal does not need to come first in the emotion process. Appraisal must come first in the emotion process. Personality traits are more important than situations for determining emotions. Attitudes are more important than personality traits for determining emotions.

When researchers say, “preferences need no inferences” with respect to emotion, what are they really arguing? Question 9 options: Appraisal does not need to come first in the emotion process. Appraisal must come first in the emotion process. Personality traits are more important than situations for determining emotions. Attitudes are more important than personality traits for determining emotions.

When researchers say, “preferences need no inferences” with respect to … Read More...
Objective: Persuade readers that they should fear a threat of your choosing, real or fabricated. Due Date: Wednesday, November 18th Length: 4-5 pages Format: typed, double-spaced, standard font and margins For this essay, you will be putting together all the aspects of argument that we have been learning about over the last few weeks. You will be using those elements to convince your readers that some issue of your choosing is a threat to them. This issue can be a real threat that you believe people should actually be aware of, or it can be a threat that is not real but that you treat as real (whether it be a fictional/legendary threat or something that is perhaps a small threat but that you present as a big one). Your job is to convince your audience to take this threat seriously, and to do that, you will need to make use of emotional appeal (especially to fear—think back to essays one and two), logical appeal (partly use of details/facts/ evidence we discussed in essay four, but also through definition such as we worked on in essay three), and ethical appeal (your own credibility—think back to issues besides logic and evidence covered in essay four). You may choose to include outside sources if you wish, but you must cite them if you use them and indicate when you are using the words of the original source. We will discuss how to find and to cite them to prepare you to use them correctly. If writing about a fictional threat, you may wish to make up sources. If you do so, I leave it up to you whether you formally cite them (though you must do this if you are using real sources) or informally refer to them in a manner similar to what we saw in the articles we read for essay four. Turning in an essay in which significant portions are not written by you and/or without outside sources cited will result in an essay grade of zero (and not revisable for a higher grade). If you are unsure what to cite, let me know. For ideas, you may want to browse the website snopes.com. This site contains lists and research about many feasible topics for this essay. Try not to use Snopes itself as a source—most entries there contain a list of sources that would be more appropriate for you to utilize and credit in your research. You may also choose to write about a topic covered by one of the essay four articles—if you liked an issue but felt that the warning about it was not very credible, you can use this paper as an opportunity to write about that topic but in a believable, convincing way. Whatever you choose as your topic, by the end of it, you want your reader to believe that what you discuss is a real threat to them. Essay Five: Argument Paper/Warning Assignment Description English 101, Sections 26 & 30 Fall 2015 Skills We Will Cover In This Unit: • finding & citing sources • utilizing emotional, logical, and ethical appeal SCHEDULE GRADING Incomplete papers or papers that stray from the assigned topic/purpose will receive a D or F. C B A To earn at least a C, the paper should: • have a clearly established threat that it attempts to warn the reader about • cite any information obtained from outside sources • be written in such a way as it can be easily understood by the reader To earn a B, the paper should fulfill the criteria above, plus: • include at least one section intended to appeal to the reader’s emotions (especially fear) • include logical support in the form of evidence, details, or other forms of establishing logical reasoning • be organized well, which includes having a clear sense of structure and transitioning into new ideas • include only the information and discussion necessary to accomplish the purpose of the assignment • have only a few grammatical errors, and those should not interfere with understanding To earn an A, the paper should fulfill the criteria for a B paper, plus: • possess strong unity of ideas • skillfully utilize all three rhetorical appeals • make a convincing case that the threat is real • be nearly free of grammatical or wording problems FRI OCT 30 MON NOV 2 discuss “We Are Training Our Kids to Kill” (p. 481) WED NOV 4 discuss “How Bingeing Became the New College Sport” (p. 476) FRI NOV 6 Homecoming—no classes after noon, no Blackboard assignment MON NOV 9 Discuss “The Real Skinny” (p. 492) No class—Blackboard assignment: online scavenger hunt (opens Monday, due by 11:59pm on Sunday 11/1) WED NOV 11 FRI NOV 13 No class—Blackboard assignment: essay five peer review. Post your draft by noon Friday, respond to two classmates’ by 11:59pm on Monday 11/16. You may wish to review skills from previous assignments as you work on this essay: • essay one: telling a story, creating an emotional response • essay two: how to create emotional response, utilizing evidence • essay three: defining important terms, using logic • essay four: establishing character and credibility WED OCT 28 Discuss “Our Unhealthy Obsession with Sickness (p. 469) MON OCT 26 Essay Four Due; Essay Five Assigned; meet in 70-122 MON NOV 16 No class—Dr. Hill at BTW Symposium (you can attend, too!) Meet in 70-122 for research time and citing instruction MON NOV 18 Essay five due; final portfolio assigned

Objective: Persuade readers that they should fear a threat of your choosing, real or fabricated. Due Date: Wednesday, November 18th Length: 4-5 pages Format: typed, double-spaced, standard font and margins For this essay, you will be putting together all the aspects of argument that we have been learning about over the last few weeks. You will be using those elements to convince your readers that some issue of your choosing is a threat to them. This issue can be a real threat that you believe people should actually be aware of, or it can be a threat that is not real but that you treat as real (whether it be a fictional/legendary threat or something that is perhaps a small threat but that you present as a big one). Your job is to convince your audience to take this threat seriously, and to do that, you will need to make use of emotional appeal (especially to fear—think back to essays one and two), logical appeal (partly use of details/facts/ evidence we discussed in essay four, but also through definition such as we worked on in essay three), and ethical appeal (your own credibility—think back to issues besides logic and evidence covered in essay four). You may choose to include outside sources if you wish, but you must cite them if you use them and indicate when you are using the words of the original source. We will discuss how to find and to cite them to prepare you to use them correctly. If writing about a fictional threat, you may wish to make up sources. If you do so, I leave it up to you whether you formally cite them (though you must do this if you are using real sources) or informally refer to them in a manner similar to what we saw in the articles we read for essay four. Turning in an essay in which significant portions are not written by you and/or without outside sources cited will result in an essay grade of zero (and not revisable for a higher grade). If you are unsure what to cite, let me know. For ideas, you may want to browse the website snopes.com. This site contains lists and research about many feasible topics for this essay. Try not to use Snopes itself as a source—most entries there contain a list of sources that would be more appropriate for you to utilize and credit in your research. You may also choose to write about a topic covered by one of the essay four articles—if you liked an issue but felt that the warning about it was not very credible, you can use this paper as an opportunity to write about that topic but in a believable, convincing way. Whatever you choose as your topic, by the end of it, you want your reader to believe that what you discuss is a real threat to them. Essay Five: Argument Paper/Warning Assignment Description English 101, Sections 26 & 30 Fall 2015 Skills We Will Cover In This Unit: • finding & citing sources • utilizing emotional, logical, and ethical appeal SCHEDULE GRADING Incomplete papers or papers that stray from the assigned topic/purpose will receive a D or F. C B A To earn at least a C, the paper should: • have a clearly established threat that it attempts to warn the reader about • cite any information obtained from outside sources • be written in such a way as it can be easily understood by the reader To earn a B, the paper should fulfill the criteria above, plus: • include at least one section intended to appeal to the reader’s emotions (especially fear) • include logical support in the form of evidence, details, or other forms of establishing logical reasoning • be organized well, which includes having a clear sense of structure and transitioning into new ideas • include only the information and discussion necessary to accomplish the purpose of the assignment • have only a few grammatical errors, and those should not interfere with understanding To earn an A, the paper should fulfill the criteria for a B paper, plus: • possess strong unity of ideas • skillfully utilize all three rhetorical appeals • make a convincing case that the threat is real • be nearly free of grammatical or wording problems FRI OCT 30 MON NOV 2 discuss “We Are Training Our Kids to Kill” (p. 481) WED NOV 4 discuss “How Bingeing Became the New College Sport” (p. 476) FRI NOV 6 Homecoming—no classes after noon, no Blackboard assignment MON NOV 9 Discuss “The Real Skinny” (p. 492) No class—Blackboard assignment: online scavenger hunt (opens Monday, due by 11:59pm on Sunday 11/1) WED NOV 11 FRI NOV 13 No class—Blackboard assignment: essay five peer review. Post your draft by noon Friday, respond to two classmates’ by 11:59pm on Monday 11/16. You may wish to review skills from previous assignments as you work on this essay: • essay one: telling a story, creating an emotional response • essay two: how to create emotional response, utilizing evidence • essay three: defining important terms, using logic • essay four: establishing character and credibility WED OCT 28 Discuss “Our Unhealthy Obsession with Sickness (p. 469) MON OCT 26 Essay Four Due; Essay Five Assigned; meet in 70-122 MON NOV 16 No class—Dr. Hill at BTW Symposium (you can attend, too!) Meet in 70-122 for research time and citing instruction MON NOV 18 Essay five due; final portfolio assigned

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Question 12 (1 point) Research finds that happiness with one’s relationship is related to having a partner who is Question 12 options: masculine or androgynous. feminine or androgynous. masculine if a male, feminine if a female. masculine if you are masculine, feminine if you are feminine. Question 13 (1 point) In the original learned helplessness model, people were said to experience learned helplessness when they Question 13 options: encounter obstacles they cannot overcome. encounter aversive events. generalize their inability to control one aversive event to a situation they might be able to control. give up trying after they realize they can’t do anything about an aversive situation. Question 14 (1 point) Researchers investigating the observational learning of gender role behaviors find that boys imitate male models instead of female models Question 14 options: as soon as they develop an identity as a male. after they noticed that a certain behavior is performed more by one gender than the other. more often than girls imitate female models. but that the opposite is not found for girls. Question 15 (1 point) The androgyny model of gender-type divides people into how many different groups? Question 15 options: two four six eight ________________________________________ . ________________________________________ Question 1 (1 point) The cognitive approach has been criticized in which of the following ways? Question 1 options: It does not fit well with current trends in psychology. The research has given it little support. It is too specific and needs more abstraction. It is not needed to explain individual differences in behavior. Question 2 (1 point) All of the following techniques are methods used by Kelly in psychotherapy except one. Which one? Question 2 options: asking people about their personal constructs asking people to describe their ideal self asking people to define their personal constructs forcing people to attend to their process of construing the world Question 3 (1 point) One study the self-schema presented students with 40 questions for which they pressed Yes or No. The researchers found that participants were more likely to remember the information when WA.the words had the ability to generate emotions. Question 3 options: participants were asked about a rhyme. a self-referent question was difficult to answer. the question was processed about the participants themselves. Question 4 (1 point) Which of the following was advocated by George Kelly? Question 4 options: People are largely controlled by the environmental stimuli they encounter. People are motivated to make sense out of all the stimuli that impinge on them. People are happier when they accept that life is full of unexpected turns and surprises. Most of what determines our behavior is not readily accessible to consciousness. Question 5 (1 point) Participants in one study were divided into those with and without a well developed “independence” schema. Later participants were asked about their own level of independence. Compared to aschematics, participants with a strong independence schema Question 5 options: took longer to answer because they had more information to process. took longer to answer because it was more important to them to give a correct answer. took less time to answer. took the same amount of time to answer, but were more confident of their answers.

Question 12 (1 point) Research finds that happiness with one’s relationship is related to having a partner who is Question 12 options: masculine or androgynous. feminine or androgynous. masculine if a male, feminine if a female. masculine if you are masculine, feminine if you are feminine. Question 13 (1 point) In the original learned helplessness model, people were said to experience learned helplessness when they Question 13 options: encounter obstacles they cannot overcome. encounter aversive events. generalize their inability to control one aversive event to a situation they might be able to control. give up trying after they realize they can’t do anything about an aversive situation. Question 14 (1 point) Researchers investigating the observational learning of gender role behaviors find that boys imitate male models instead of female models Question 14 options: as soon as they develop an identity as a male. after they noticed that a certain behavior is performed more by one gender than the other. more often than girls imitate female models. but that the opposite is not found for girls. Question 15 (1 point) The androgyny model of gender-type divides people into how many different groups? Question 15 options: two four six eight ________________________________________ . ________________________________________ Question 1 (1 point) The cognitive approach has been criticized in which of the following ways? Question 1 options: It does not fit well with current trends in psychology. The research has given it little support. It is too specific and needs more abstraction. It is not needed to explain individual differences in behavior. Question 2 (1 point) All of the following techniques are methods used by Kelly in psychotherapy except one. Which one? Question 2 options: asking people about their personal constructs asking people to describe their ideal self asking people to define their personal constructs forcing people to attend to their process of construing the world Question 3 (1 point) One study the self-schema presented students with 40 questions for which they pressed Yes or No. The researchers found that participants were more likely to remember the information when WA.the words had the ability to generate emotions. Question 3 options: participants were asked about a rhyme. a self-referent question was difficult to answer. the question was processed about the participants themselves. Question 4 (1 point) Which of the following was advocated by George Kelly? Question 4 options: People are largely controlled by the environmental stimuli they encounter. People are motivated to make sense out of all the stimuli that impinge on them. People are happier when they accept that life is full of unexpected turns and surprises. Most of what determines our behavior is not readily accessible to consciousness. Question 5 (1 point) Participants in one study were divided into those with and without a well developed “independence” schema. Later participants were asked about their own level of independence. Compared to aschematics, participants with a strong independence schema Question 5 options: took longer to answer because they had more information to process. took longer to answer because it was more important to them to give a correct answer. took less time to answer. took the same amount of time to answer, but were more confident of their answers.

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Which statement is true regarding the association between political ideology and happiness? Those without political ideologies are the happiest. Thinking like a liberal reduces negative emotions. Thinking like a conservative increases positive emotions. Thinking like a conservative reduces negative emotions.

Which statement is true regarding the association between political ideology and happiness? Those without political ideologies are the happiest. Thinking like a liberal reduces negative emotions. Thinking like a conservative increases positive emotions. Thinking like a conservative reduces negative emotions.

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A strong, consistent, and stable tendency to experience positive and energizing emotions is the fundamental feature of what trait? neuroticism extraversion openness achievement motivation

A strong, consistent, and stable tendency to experience positive and energizing emotions is the fundamental feature of what trait? neuroticism extraversion openness achievement motivation

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