TEXT The sole text is Daniel Bonevac’s Today’s Moral Issues. This is an extremely accessible work that organizes the subject matter of ethics into well-structured units involving both general principles and focused ethical dilemmas. The instructor will guide the students through the pertinent readings and discussion topics. Exam #3: WAR ECONOMIC EQUALITY 1. Aquinas 5. Mill 2. Grotius 6. Hospers 3. Clausewitz 7. Anderson 4. Gandhi CONCERNING THE SHORT PAPER Choose one of our dilemma topics from our book as the focus of your short paper. If you have another topic in mind, please consult with me for permission. —length: 4 to 5 pages — format: typed —number of points: 10 — submission via Bb, under “Assignments” — Format: Microsoft Word — Line Spacing: Double-Spaced —Print: Black The following is merely a suggestion for the organization of the paper, but it might be useful as an indication of how it could look: a) Initial statement of your position concerning the moral dilemma; how to resolve it, how you plan to argue for/against it. b) Amplification of your position; your main points or position. c) Backup: some cited references and supporting evidence for your position. d) Your criticisms of alternative or contrary points of view. e) Your conclusion/summing up. Plagiarism is a serious breach of academic integrity. If you submit plagiarized materials you will receive a zero on the assignment. If you need an extension of the due date for the paper, please consult with me.
Non-violence as a rule of love The mainly essential … Read More...
Team Project Specification – “Outsmart the Computer” Due: 11:59 P.M. Tuesday, April 25, 2017 The project is to design and write a C++17/FLTK computer game program with a graphical user interface. The object of the game is to keep the computer from guessing the player’s next choice of two possible values. We will call the choices “heads” and “tails” below, but you are free to use maroon/white, on/off, up/down, 0/1, etc. instead. The player starts by making a certain number of choices, attempting to be as random as possible, which the computer observes. Then for each of the following choices the computer guesses in advance, and then compares its guess to the next choice. For difficulty level 1 (see below) there are 32 choices in the observation phase and 32 choices in the guessing phase. The player earns 10 points for each choice the computer guessed wrong, so for difficulty level 1 the maximum score is 320. The program must: 1. Start with an attractive splash screen showing (at least) the name of the game, the team number, and the team members’ names. Feel free to add team members’ pictures, play music, etc. Have a START button which then explains how to play the game. 2. Ask for a difficulty level from 1 to 5; this determines the number of rounds to play, 32/64/128/256/512 respectively. Display the top 5 scores for that difficulty level (read in from the disk; the top scores file starts out empty). 3. Ask for the player’s initials and display them with a blank score below the top 5 scores. 4. Instruct the player to make that many choices, attempting to be as random as possible, and show how many choices remain. For example, for difficulty level 1 the setup screen might say “You have 32 choices to go; click Heads or Tails.” Remember to redraw the screen each time you change a graphical object! 5. After that, for each of the next 32 player choices (for difficulty level 1), the computer first makes a secret guess based on the percentage of heads for the most recent 32 choices. For example, if the program calculates that 75% of the most recent 32 choices were heads, then 75% of the time it will guess that the next choice will be heads and 25% of the time it will guess that the next choice will be tails. When the computer has made its secret guess, tell the player to choose and then have the computer say something like “I guessed right—no points for you!” or “You outsmarted me—10 points for you!” 6. When all the guessing rounds are done, add the player’s score and initials to the scores list, sort the list of 6 scores, and write the top 5 out to disk with initials. Then the next time the game is played, that file will be read in and displayed in step 2 above. Ask the player if they want to play another game or quit. EXTRA ITEMS • Add a countdown timer to limit the player to 5 seconds per move. If time expires then say “Time’s up! No points! Next move?” Display a digital clock with the time remaining. Hint: Check the online FLTK documentation for Fl::add_timeout. Note: A timeout just reduces the number of remaining choices in this guessing round (thereby reducing the maximum player score). • Visually display the per cent of the times the computer has guessed correctly so far in this game. • Modify the game to have three choices, e.g., red/white/blue, 1/2/3, etc. ________________________________________________________________________ This is a team project, with three or four students on a team. The instructor will assign the teams. (Note: If there are any problems with your team assignment, please talk to your TA promptly.) Divide up the code, with each student on a team of 3 doing two of the six items on page 1. If you have a fourth team member, that person must do one of the extra items. A team of 3 will receive 5 points extra credit for doing one “Extra Item” or 10 points for doing two. A team of 4 will receive 5 points extra credit for doing a second “Extra Item.” You must use at least two C++11 or C++14 or C++17 features, such as auto and range-based for. (See the reference pages on http://cplusplus.com/ to see if a feature is C++11 or C++14 or C++17.) You must write at least two classes of your own, with separate header and implementation files. Follow good style, and limit each function to no more than 24 lines (one terminal window). Each team member is expected to have a rough idea of how all the code works, and should be able to explain in detail how their own part of the code works. Choose a clever name for your team (but keep it clean ). Be creative in deciding how to meet these specifications in an attractive and user-friendly way, but get the basic functionality working before you try to make it too fancy, or you may run out of time! All user input and output must be through the GUI, not the console window. However, you may use the console window for printing debugging messages for the developers (your team). Your program should compile and run without change on the Visual C++ 2015 environment in the lab or build.tamu.edu with g++ -std=c++17 and X windows. Your program must be submitted both to CSNET and also on a CD or DVD. The project report (described below) should be submitted on paper to your TA, along with your CD or DVD. You only need to submit one report and CD or DVD and CSNET file per team. Write a report according to the outline below. All team members will receive the same project grade, unless some team member does not do his/her part (see report outline below). Important! You must demonstrate your project to your TA or it will not be graded! Note about teamwork: Immediately exchange contact information with your teammates and schedule times to meet and work on the project. If your teammates are in the same lab section, you have the two hours per week during lab, but in any case you need to schedule meeting times outside of lab. As meeting scheduling can be difficult, use this lab time wisely! Attendance will be taken during lab, so that complaints of “We could never find a time to meet” will not be taken seriously. REPORT OUTLINE The project report must be printed on a laser printer. The report should include the following sections: 1. Team information (team name, members’ names, who did what, did each member do a fair share of the work) 2. Statement of the problem, significance, etc. 3. Restrictions and limitations 4. Explanation of your approach (analysis to choose a strategy for programming the project, how you coded it, etc.) 5. Sample run (screen shots) 6. Results and analysis 7. Conclusions – What did you show? What did you learn? 8. Future research (how your program could be improved or extended) 9. Instructions on how to run your program 10. Listing of the COMMENTED program 11. Bibliography – references used, if any
Vermont Technical College Electronics I – Laboratory ELT-2051 Lab 07: Transistor Biasing Circuits and Q-point Stability Objectives: • To set an operating point for a transistor using three different bias techniques • To explore amplification of an AC signal • To use MultiSim to verify your experimental data General: In this laboratory, you will be supplied with two NPN transistors with varying ß’s. Prelab: Calculate values of Rb in Figures 1 and 2 assuming ß = 200, VCE = 6V . For Figure 3, calculate R1 and R2 so that their parallel resistance is about 20KΩ or 10% of (ß+1)RE. Also, calculate the critical frequency of the 1uF capacitor in Figure 4. Materials: • 2N3904, 2N4123 NPN TXs (1 high ß, 1 low ß) • (2) 1 k Ohm, 100 k Ohm, assorted resistors • 1uF, 10uF capacitors • Curve Tracer • DC Power Supply • Multimeter • Signal Generator • Oscilloscope • Breadboard Procedure: 1. Use the curve tracer to plot the curves for each of your transistors. From these curves, again using the curve tracer, determine the ßDC for each transistor at the IC currents of 1mA, 3mA, 6mA, and 10mA with VCE = 6V. Of course, be sure to keep track of which transistor goes with which curve. Verify that the ßDC values that you obtain are within the manufacturer’s specifications. Remember– ßDC = hFE ! 2. For each of the three circuits shown in Figures 1-3, using the R values calculated in your prelab, determine the operating points IC and VCE for each of the transistors. Be sure to table your data. In addition, plot ß vs IC for both transistors on a single graph so that the data is meaningful! What conclusions can be reached for the 3 biasing circuits? 3. Lastly – Build Figure 4 and determine the ratio (Gain) of Vout/Vin at 1KHz. Now vary the frequency of Vin to determine at what frequencies this ratio decreases to 0.707 of the value at 1KHz. 4. Use the Bode Plotter feature in MultiSim to verify your data of Part 3. Is the cut-off frequency the same as you measured in the lab? Base Bias: Parameter Calculated Value Simulated Value Measured Value VCE1 (high β) VCE2 (low β) n/a n/a |VCE1 – VCE2| 0 0 IC1 (high β) IC2 (low β) n/a n/a |IC1 – IC2| 0 0 Emitter Bias: Parameter Calculated Value Simulated Value Measured Value VCE1 (high β) VCE2 (low β) n/a n/a |VCE1 – VCE2| 0 0 IC1 (high β) IC2 (low β) n/a n/a |IC1 – IC2| 0 0 Voltage Divider Bias: Parameter Calculated Value Simulated Value Measured Value VCE1 (high β) VCE2 (low β) n/a n/a |VCE1 – VCE2| 0 0 IC1 (high β) IC2 (low β) n/a n/a |IC1 – IC2| 0 0 Laboratory Report: This lab is a semi-formal lab. Be sure to collect all data necessary to make observations and answer questions before you leave the lab. Also, you and your lab partner should discuss the results and outcomes prior to leaving. Take notes, fill in tables and include diagrams as needed. Your report should include: • Data Table • Beta Plot • MultiSim Frequency Response • Comparison of biasing schemes • Comparison of measurements vs. simulations and expectations.
1 | P a g e Lecture #2: Abortion (Warren) While studying this topic, we will ask whether it is morally permissible to intentionally terminate a pregnancy and, if so, whether certain restrictions should be placed upon such practices. Even though we will most often be speaking of terminating a fetus, biologists make further classifications: the zygote is the single cell resulting from the fusion of the egg and the sperm; the morula is the cluster of cells that travels through the fallopian tubes; the blastocyte exists once an outer shell of cells has formed around an inner group of cells; the embryo exists once the cells begin to take on specific functions (around the 15th day); the fetus comes into existence in the 8th week when the embryo gains a basic structural resemblance to the adult. Given these distinctions, there are certain kinds of non-fetal abortion—such as usage of RU-486 (the morning-after “abortion pill”)—though most of the writers we will study refer to fetal abortions. So now let us consider the “Classical Argument against Abortion”, which has been very influential: P1) It is wrong to kill innocent persons. P2) A fetus is an innocent person. C) It is wrong to kill a fetus. (Note that this argument has received various formulations, including those from Warren and Thomson which differ from the above. For this course, we will refer to the above formulation as the “Classical Argument”.) Before evaluating this argument, we should talk about terminology: A person is a member of the moral community; i.e., someone who has rights and/or duties. ‘Persons’ is the plural of ‘person’. ‘Person’ can be contrasted with ‘human being’; a human being is anyone who is genetically human (i.e., a member of Homo sapiens). ‘People’ (or ‘human beings’) is the plural of ‘human being’. Why does this matter? First, not all persons are human beings. For example, consider an alien from another planet who mentally resembled us. If he were to visit Earth, it would be morally reprehensible to kick him or to set him on fire because of the pain and suffering that these acts would cause. And, similarly, the alien would be morally condemnable if he were to propagate such acts on us; he has a moral duty not to act in those ways (again, assuming a certain mental resemblance to us). So, even though this alien is not a human being, he is nevertheless a person with the associative rights and/or duties. 2 | P a g e And, more controversially, maybe not all human beings are persons. For example, anencephalic infants—i.e., ones born without cerebral cortexes and therefore with severely limited cognitive abilities—certainly do not have duties since they are not capable of rational thought and autonomous action. Some philosophers have even argued that they do not have rights. Now let us return to the Classical Argument. It is valid insofar as, if the premises are true, then the conclusion has to be true. But maybe it commits equivocation, which is to say that it uses the same word in multiple senses; equivocation is an informal fallacy (i.e., attaches to arguments that are formally valid but otherwise fallacious). Consider the following: P1) I put my money in the bank. P2) The bank borders the river. C) I put my money somewhere that borders the river. This argument equivocates since ‘bank’ is being used in two different senses: in P1 it is used to represent a financial institution and, in P2, it is used to represent a geological feature. Returning to the classical argument, it could be argued that ‘person’ is being used in two different senses: in P1 it is used in its appropriate moral sense and, in P2, it is inappropriately used instead of ‘human being’. The critic might suggest that a more accurate way to represent the argument would be as follows: P1) It is wrong to kill innocent persons. P2) A fetus is a human being. C) It is wrong to kill a fetus. This argument is obviously invalid. So one way to criticize the Classical Argument is to say that it conflates two different concepts—viz., ‘person’ and ‘human being’—and therefore commits equivocation. However, the more straightforward way to attack the Classical Argument is just to deny its second premise and thus contend that the argument is unsound. This is the approach that Mary Anne Warren takes in “On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion”. Why does Warren think that the second premise is false? Remember that we defined a person as “a member of the moral community.” And we said that an alien, for example, could be afforded moral status even though it is not a human being. Why do we think that this alien should not be tortured or set on fire? Warren thinks that, intuitively, we think that membership in the moral community is based upon possession of the following traits: 3 | P a g e 1. Consciousness of objects and events external and/or internal to the being and especially the capacity to feel pain; 2. Reasoning or rationality (i.e., the developed capacity to solve new and relatively complex problems); 3. Self-motivated activity (i.e., activity which is relatively independent of either genetic or direct external control); 4. Capacity to communicate (not necessarily verbal or linguistic); and 5. Possession of self-concepts and self-awareness. Warren then admits that, though all of the items on this list look promising, we need not require that a person have all of the items on this list. (4) is perhaps the most expendable: imagine someone who is fully paralyzed as well as deaf, these incapacities, which preclude communication, are not sufficient to justify torture. Similarly, we might be able to imagine certain psychological afflictions that negate (5) without compromising personhood. Warren suspects that (1) and (2) are might be sufficient to confer personhood, and thinks that (1)-(3) “quite probably” are sufficient. Note that, if she is right, we would not be able to torture chimps, let us say, but we could set plants on fire (and most likely ants as well). However, given Warren’s aims, she does not need to specify which of these traits are necessary or sufficient for personhood; all that she wants to observe is that the fetus has none of them! Therefore, regardless of which traits we want to require, Warren thinks that the fetus is not a person. Therefore she thinks that the Classical Argument is unsound and should be rejected. Even if we accept Warren’s refutation of the second premise, we might be inclined to say that, while the fetus is not (now) a person, it is a potential person: the fetus will hopefully mature into a being that possesses all five of the traits on Warren’s list. We might then propose the following adjustment to the Classical Argument: P1) It is wrong to kill all innocent persons. P2) A fetus is a potential person. C) It is wrong to kill a fetus. However, this argument is invalid. Warren grants that potentiality might serve as a prima facie reason (i.e., a reason that has some moral weight but which might be outweighed by other considerations) not to abort a fetus, but potentiality alone is insufficient to grant the fetus a moral right against being terminated. By analogy, consider the following argument: 4 | P a g e P1) The President has the right to declare war. P2) Mary is a potential President. C) Mary has the right to declare war. This argument is invalid since the premises are both true and the conclusion is false. By parity, the following argument is also invalid: P1) A person has a right to life. P2) A fetus is a potential person. C) A fetus has a right to life. Thus Warren thinks that considerations of potentiality are insufficient to undermine her argument that fetuses—which are potential persons but, she thinks, not persons—do not have a right to life.
AERN 45350 Avionics Name: _______________________________ 1 | P a g e Homework Set One (40 Points) Due: 25 September 2015 General Instructions: Answer the following questions, submitting your answers on Blackboard. SHOW YOUR WORK on any math problems. Consider the following voltage signal: V t 12sin377t 1. What is the peak voltage of the signal [Volts]? 2. What is the angular frequency [rad/sec]? 3. What is the frequency of the signal [Hz]? 4. What is the period of the signal [sec/cycle]? In a heterodyne receiver, the intermediate frequency of the receiver is 21.4 MHz. 5. What is the local oscillator frequency (f1) if the tuned frequency (f2) is 120.9 MHz? 6. If the local oscillator frequency (f1) is 145.7 MHz, what is the tuned frequency (f2)? The gain of a power amplifier is 5. 7. If 30W are coming in, what is the power going out? 8. What is the gain in decibels (dB)? The attenuation of a voltage attenuator is 10. 9. If 120V are coming in, what is the voltage going out? 10. What is the loss in decibels (dB)? 11. What is the component of the ILS that provides the extended centerline of the runway? 12. What is the component of the ILS that provides vertical guidance to the runway? 13. If the aircraft is on the correct trajectory, the airplane will arrive at the outer marker on the ILS corresponding to intercepting what? 14. If the aircraft is on the correct trajectory, the airplane will arrive at the middle marker on the ILS corresponding to reaching what? 15. All marker beacons transmit at what frequency? 16. Why doesn’t this cause problems (all marker beacons transmitting on the same frequency)? 17. What are the four components to an ILS? 18. What is the most common ILS category? 19. Which ILS category requires aircraft with the “auto-land” feature? 20. An attenuator leads to a power ratio of 0.5. What is that in decibels (dB)?
Lab 1: Introduction to Motion You must make the following changes to your lab manual before coming to lab, not during lab! Do not plan to consult this sheet during lab. There is not enough time. The required changes must be in your lab manual in the proper sequence to complete the lab in a smooth and timely manner. You should bring this paper to lab but only for reference to the images printed below. You have been warned! A note about vector addition: Adding Vectors: To add these two vectors: means to place them head-to-tail like so: and therefore they equal: Subtracting Vectors: Subtracting these two vectors: is the same as the sum of one vector and the negative of the other: which is the same as: which means to place them head-to-tail like so: and therefore they equal: Pg. 7 Activity 1-3 Cross off Step 1 Cross off Step 2 Pg. 7 Step 3) Replace “Try to make each of the graphs …” with “Try to make one of the graphs…” Pg. 7 Step 4) Replace this step with: “Describe how you must move to produce the graph you selected. Note if you selected graph C your description is at the top of page 8. Pg. 8 Activity 2-1 Step 2) Replace: “(Just draw smooth patterns; leave out…” with “(Quickly draw smooth patterns; leave out…” Then highlight this entire sentence. + − + (− ) + Pg. 10 Step 3) Where it states “(Be sure to adjust the time scale to 15 s.)” The way to do this is to click this clock icon And change the “Duration:” value Pg. 11 Question 2-3) At the end of the question add the following: “See the top of page 12 for the rest of the question.” Pg. 13 Step 2) Highlight the part that states: “Get the times right. Get the velocities right. Each person should take a turn.” At the end of the paragraph add: “But do not spend too much time getting things perfect.” Pg. 15 Step 1) Where is states: “Use the analysis feature of the software to read values of velocity…” Do this: Click here and then move the mouse over the graph. You can now quickly read data from the graph.
Please watch the feature length film “Even the Rain” (1hr 45 min) and write a gut reaction. It is an awesome film that combines the story of Colombus’ exploitation of the native people of Hispaniola and that of contemporary indians in Bolivia. Please search for it on the internet, since it’s location changes. It’s also on netflix.
Fall Semester 2015 NMSU Econ 252, Instructor: Dr. Larry Blank Writing Assignment and Critical Thinking Problems: This assignment is worth 100 points toward your overall course average. The criteria used to grade this assignment includes the professional appearance of the document you submit, your ability to use the principles of supply and demand to critically assess the impacts, and your ability to explain your conclusions in writing. Each part can be answered in one page or less. Assigned: October 5, 2015 Deadline: Friday, October 16, 2015 You will email your assignment in Canvas. Before you email your assignment, make sure your name is on your paper AND your full name is included in the electronic file name. For example, filename: Jose Sanchez_Econ252_paper.doc I will not read your work if your name is not in the electronic filename. Assignment: Answers to all parts shall be completed in a Microsoft Word document. Begin by copying the Scenario below and then, for each part, copy the problem before completing your answer. You may want to draw your diagrams in Microsoft PowerPoint or other software and then copy and paste the diagram into the Word document as a “Picture (Enhanced Metafile)” using the “Paste Special” feature in Word. The document you turn in should be six (6) pages long. For the first page include a short title for this assignment, the course name and number, your name, and then copy and paste everything below beginning with “Scenario” onto your first page. The 2nd page of your document should include the description of Part 1 and then your diagram and answer. Do the same for Parts 2-5, with each part on a separate page. Scenario: The Federal Government implemented a policy some years ago to subsidize the production of ethanol fuel at 46 cents per gallon. See news article here: http://usnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2011/12/29/9804028-6-billion-a-year-ethanol-subsidy-dies-but-wait-theres-more?lite Ethanol is an alternative fuel (a substitute for regular gasoline) that can be used in some models of automobiles designed to burn any mix of gasoline up to 85% ethanol (fuel is known as E85, and auto manufacturers label these vehicles as “FlexFuel” and similar names). A primary input in the production of ethanol is corn. For the purposes of this assignment, assume that all relevant markets are perfectly competitive. Part 1: Show geometrically using the supply and demand curves the impact the subsidy had in the ethanol market (hint: the result has been a reduction in the market price of ethanol). Fully explain the impact of the production subsidy in terms of the behavior of producers (sellers) in the market and customers (buyers) in the market and what has happened to equilibrium price and quantity in the market for ethanol. Part 2: Show geometrically using the supply and demand curves what impact the reduction in market price for ethanol had in the market for regular gasoline. Fully explain the impact this reduced ethanol price had on the customer demand for regular gasoline. Part 3: Show geometrically using the supply and demand curves the impact due to the change in the equilibrium quantity in the market for ethanol had in the market for corn. Fully explain the impact and the resulting equilibrium price and quantity for corn. Part 4: Show geometrically using the supply and demand curves what impact the change in the market price of corn had in the market for manufactured corn tortillas (assume that the market for corn tortillas is perfectly competitive). Corn tortillas are a staple food item in the diets of millions of families across the U.S.. Fully explain the impact of change in the market price of corn in terms of the behavior of producers (sellers) in the market and customers (buyers) in the corn tortilla market. Part 5: Show geometrically using the supply and demand curves the impact in the ethanol market when the ethanol subsidy ended on Jan. 1, 2012. Give one possible explanation why I can no longer find E85 fuel at gas stations. Hint: When the subsidy still existed, the market price of E85 was about 30 cents a gallon less than regular gasoline. E85 is not a perfect substitute for regular gasoline because the performance is less and gas mileage drops by 5-7 miles per gallon.
The extracellular matrix is responsible for which of the following features? Select one: The extracellular matrix does all of these features. The extracellular matrix helps the cell resist stretching. The extracellular matrix enables the cell to adhere to neighboring cells. The extracellular matrix plays a role in cell signaling. The extracellular matrix acts as a structural feature.