1. Develop a thought experiment that attempts to uncover hidden assumptions about human freedom. 2. Find a paragraph from a book, magazine, ect. First, tell whether there are claims in the paragraph. If there are, identify the types of claims (descriptive, normative, a priori, a posteriori) in the paragraph

1. Develop a thought experiment that attempts to uncover hidden assumptions about human freedom. 2. Find a paragraph from a book, magazine, ect. First, tell whether there are claims in the paragraph. If there are, identify the types of claims (descriptive, normative, a priori, a posteriori) in the paragraph

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According to the Washington Post article, what’s the most important thing that China can do to reduce its trade surplus? A. let its currency grow in value B. stimulate domestic demand C. raise tariffs on exports D. lower tariffs on imports E. enter into free trade agreements

According to the Washington Post article, what’s the most important thing that China can do to reduce its trade surplus? A. let its currency grow in value B. stimulate domestic demand C. raise tariffs on exports D. lower tariffs on imports E. enter into free trade agreements

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Essay Assignment: Due December 6th, on Blackboard by 11:59 PM. Note: At least one draft (hardcopy, handed up in class) should be given to the instructor one week before due date (last date to give instructor draft is 1st December). If draft is not given, 20% will be taken off final grade for essay. Assignment Objective: This assignment is intended to provide you with the opportunity to reflect upon the course and material over the semester. Instructions: In this essay you will need think back prior to the semester and construct how you would have described ‘the self.’ Consider as your guide the many ways that the self has been studied over the course of the semester. For instance, you might consider the ways we have discussed: (1) the nature of the soul, (2) personal identity, (3) the relationship to others, (4) the ‘racial’ or ‘gendered’ self, (5) the self and freedom, (6) the social influences (economics, technology, and consumerism, for example) upon your self-development, etc. You should select one to two dimensions of the self and provide a description of what you thought about those prior to the course. Then, give a description of what you think about that or those dimension(s) of the self now. Be sure to reference the course material, either through the literature, or an author, or a driving concept from the course that you can explain in reference to the concept(s) you now hold. Within your discussion provide a comparison of what you thought prior to the course to what you now think of those dimension(s) of the self. In what ways has your conception of the ‘self’ changed, stayed the same, become enriched (or not). Be sure to give some explanation as to what has changed, or has not changed, and in what ways. Format: The paper should be in Times New Roman font, size 12, and double spaced. It should be about 1,200 words (approx. 4-5 pages). You will be required to have a bibliography and a cover page which includes the following: 1) The title of your paper. 2) Your name. 3) Your Student ID number. Citations: The recommended style of citation is Chicago (please see Blackboard for guidelines). You can use other styles if you like but the most important thing is to remain clear and consistent in the referencing style that you use. Please use at least 2-3 citations. Instruction for upload: Please upload it online onto Blackboard on the tab on the left hand side, entitled ‘Final Essay’ before midnight on December 6th. No hard copy is needed, but, as stated above, you will be required to give a hard copy of the draft at least one week before to the instructor. Grading: The final essay will be graded on: (1) how the instructions of the assignment were followed, (2) the accurateness and clarity in descriptions of course material (authors, core concepts, arguments, etc.), (3) the precision/correctness of writing, and (4) accuracy of referencing style.

Essay Assignment: Due December 6th, on Blackboard by 11:59 PM. Note: At least one draft (hardcopy, handed up in class) should be given to the instructor one week before due date (last date to give instructor draft is 1st December). If draft is not given, 20% will be taken off final grade for essay. Assignment Objective: This assignment is intended to provide you with the opportunity to reflect upon the course and material over the semester. Instructions: In this essay you will need think back prior to the semester and construct how you would have described ‘the self.’ Consider as your guide the many ways that the self has been studied over the course of the semester. For instance, you might consider the ways we have discussed: (1) the nature of the soul, (2) personal identity, (3) the relationship to others, (4) the ‘racial’ or ‘gendered’ self, (5) the self and freedom, (6) the social influences (economics, technology, and consumerism, for example) upon your self-development, etc. You should select one to two dimensions of the self and provide a description of what you thought about those prior to the course. Then, give a description of what you think about that or those dimension(s) of the self now. Be sure to reference the course material, either through the literature, or an author, or a driving concept from the course that you can explain in reference to the concept(s) you now hold. Within your discussion provide a comparison of what you thought prior to the course to what you now think of those dimension(s) of the self. In what ways has your conception of the ‘self’ changed, stayed the same, become enriched (or not). Be sure to give some explanation as to what has changed, or has not changed, and in what ways. Format: The paper should be in Times New Roman font, size 12, and double spaced. It should be about 1,200 words (approx. 4-5 pages). You will be required to have a bibliography and a cover page which includes the following: 1) The title of your paper. 2) Your name. 3) Your Student ID number. Citations: The recommended style of citation is Chicago (please see Blackboard for guidelines). You can use other styles if you like but the most important thing is to remain clear and consistent in the referencing style that you use. Please use at least 2-3 citations. Instruction for upload: Please upload it online onto Blackboard on the tab on the left hand side, entitled ‘Final Essay’ before midnight on December 6th. No hard copy is needed, but, as stated above, you will be required to give a hard copy of the draft at least one week before to the instructor. Grading: The final essay will be graded on: (1) how the instructions of the assignment were followed, (2) the accurateness and clarity in descriptions of course material (authors, core concepts, arguments, etc.), (3) the precision/correctness of writing, and (4) accuracy of referencing style.

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Search the web for museums that house Prehistoric- Byzantine collections 22,000 BCE-1453 CE. Conduct a “virtual visit”. What is located in each of the main galleries? Is the art organized chronologically, thematically or stylistically? Is there one gallery that seems more important than another? Pick one gallery/collection and write about your impressions. Be sure to cite you sources. Use the Purdue OWL link on Libguides for MLA format help.

Search the web for museums that house Prehistoric- Byzantine collections 22,000 BCE-1453 CE. Conduct a “virtual visit”. What is located in each of the main galleries? Is the art organized chronologically, thematically or stylistically? Is there one gallery that seems more important than another? Pick one gallery/collection and write about your impressions. Be sure to cite you sources. Use the Purdue OWL link on Libguides for MLA format help.

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Discuss the importance of diet and/or exercise. Choose one: Why is exercise important? 1) Create your writing assignment in Word .doc or .docx files. This is a 3rd person formal essay and needs to be a minimum of 5 paragraphs.

Discuss the importance of diet and/or exercise. Choose one: Why is exercise important? 1) Create your writing assignment in Word .doc or .docx files. This is a 3rd person formal essay and needs to be a minimum of 5 paragraphs.

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Watch the video below, and then answer the questions below. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tZbDMUaqwE8 What does J.D. Bowen say is the problem with realism? A. Realism places too much emphasis on security, and thus its answers are all about conflict. B. Realism is too deterministic, ignoring the unpredictable human element in international relations. C. Realism discounts the possibility of progress and positive change. D. Realism can’t explain why a small country would fight a larger, more powerful one. E. Realism is like liberalism without a moral compass. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of liberal thought? A. There are important issues in international relations beyond security and conflict. B. International actors have opportunities for cooperation. C. There is no real conflict of interests in international politics. D. Businesses and other non-state organizations have power. E. Interdependence is a facet of the international system. According to liberal theory, which of the following would be a potential actor in the international political system? A. states B. businesses C. aid groups D. churches E. all of these options Bowen claims that the United Nations is based on a “clearly liberal logic.” What is that logic? A. preventing conflict through the efforts of non-state actors B. preventing conflict through collective security C. preventing conflict through nuclear deterrence D. promoting freedom and democracy E. holding Germany accountable for its aggression in World War II Which of the following would most likely be a research topic for liberal theorists? A. how cultures develop identities B. how states can measure their military power by counting equipment and personnel C. how the United Nations can be more effective at preventing war D. why security is a masculine concept E. all of these options ———————————————————————————————————————

Watch the video below, and then answer the questions below. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tZbDMUaqwE8 What does J.D. Bowen say is the problem with realism? A. Realism places too much emphasis on security, and thus its answers are all about conflict. B. Realism is too deterministic, ignoring the unpredictable human element in international relations. C. Realism discounts the possibility of progress and positive change. D. Realism can’t explain why a small country would fight a larger, more powerful one. E. Realism is like liberalism without a moral compass. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of liberal thought? A. There are important issues in international relations beyond security and conflict. B. International actors have opportunities for cooperation. C. There is no real conflict of interests in international politics. D. Businesses and other non-state organizations have power. E. Interdependence is a facet of the international system. According to liberal theory, which of the following would be a potential actor in the international political system? A. states B. businesses C. aid groups D. churches E. all of these options Bowen claims that the United Nations is based on a “clearly liberal logic.” What is that logic? A. preventing conflict through the efforts of non-state actors B. preventing conflict through collective security C. preventing conflict through nuclear deterrence D. promoting freedom and democracy E. holding Germany accountable for its aggression in World War II Which of the following would most likely be a research topic for liberal theorists? A. how cultures develop identities B. how states can measure their military power by counting equipment and personnel C. how the United Nations can be more effective at preventing war D. why security is a masculine concept E. all of these options ———————————————————————————————————————

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Archie has to go to school this morning for an important test, but he woke up late. He can either take the bus or take his unreliable car. If he takes the car, Archie knows from experience that he will make it to school without breaking down with probability . However, the bus to school runs late % of the time. Archie decides to choose between these options by tossing a coin. Suppose that Archie does, in fact, make it to the test on time. What is the probability that he took the bus? Round your answer to two decimal places

Archie has to go to school this morning for an important test, but he woke up late. He can either take the bus or take his unreliable car. If he takes the car, Archie knows from experience that he will make it to school without breaking down with probability . However, the bus to school runs late % of the time. Archie decides to choose between these options by tossing a coin. Suppose that Archie does, in fact, make it to the test on time. What is the probability that he took the bus? Round your answer to two decimal places

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Learning Objectives This part begins with what are probably the basic questions for a designer of a computing sytem’s human interface: • How should the functionality of the system be described and presented to the user? • How can the design of the interface help the user to understand and successfully use the system? Learning Goals At the conclusion of this module you will be able to: • define the user’s movement among the displays that make up the system; • the addition of visual and spatial cues to the information organization; and • methods of structuring and presenting the interface. Introduction This module deals with the development and utilization of a system. We all have systems for doing things. For instance, we may have a system for handling routine situations around the house that makes sense only to us. Or, we may be oriented toward systems that have a more widespread understanding such as personal finance or how to fill out our IRS forms. When humans use a system, whether natural or man-made, they do so based on their understanding of that system. A totally accurate understanding of a system is not a necessary condition for effective use of that system. Key Terms Systems, User Model, Model, Metaphor, Concept Modeling The Development of Human Systems I. The organization of knowledge about a phenomenon or system constitutes the human’s conceptual model of that system. Information gained from experience with a system contributes to the model, and the model in turn provides a reference or guide for future experience with the system. A. (Reinstein and Hersh, 1984) – a set of concepts a person gradually acquires to explain the behavior of a system. …. That enables that person to understand and interact with the system. 1. For the user, the important thing about a model is its ability to predict: when confronted with unfamiliar or incompletely understood situations, the user relies on their model, their conceptual understanding of the system, to make educated guesses about how to proceed. If the user’s model accurately reflects the effects of the system, then he will be more successful in learning and using the system, and likely will perceive the system as easy to use. 2. Because the model can server this important role in design of helping to create an understandable and predictable system, the creation of the user’s conceptual model should be the first task of system development. One of the more important examples of the use of conceptual model, the XEROX Star office automation system (whose design greatly influenced Apple’s Lisa and Macintosh systems), started with thirty man-years of design work on the user interface before either the hardware or the system software was designed (Smith, Irby, Kimball, Verplank and Harselm, 1982). 3. The conceptual model does not have to be an accurate representation of how the system actually functions. Indeed, it can be quite different from reality, and in most if not all circumstances for systems as complex as computers, should be. 4. The model may be a myth or metaphor, that explains the system: it “suggests that the computer is like something with which the user is already familiar” (Rubinstein and Hersh, 1984, p. 43), or provides a simple explanation of the system which can be used to predict the system’s behavior. 5. ….the conceptual models people form are based on their interactions with an environment … “people who have different roles within an environment … will form different conceptual systems of those environments. 6. People whose essential interaction with an environment is to create it will almost inevitably have an understanding and conceptualization of it which is different from those whose major interaction with it is to use it” Action Assignment Based on the readings for this module, please identify a personal “system” with which you act and perform within. This should be from personal experience and one that assists in providing a model for organization, understanding and problem solving.

Learning Objectives This part begins with what are probably the basic questions for a designer of a computing sytem’s human interface: • How should the functionality of the system be described and presented to the user? • How can the design of the interface help the user to understand and successfully use the system? Learning Goals At the conclusion of this module you will be able to: • define the user’s movement among the displays that make up the system; • the addition of visual and spatial cues to the information organization; and • methods of structuring and presenting the interface. Introduction This module deals with the development and utilization of a system. We all have systems for doing things. For instance, we may have a system for handling routine situations around the house that makes sense only to us. Or, we may be oriented toward systems that have a more widespread understanding such as personal finance or how to fill out our IRS forms. When humans use a system, whether natural or man-made, they do so based on their understanding of that system. A totally accurate understanding of a system is not a necessary condition for effective use of that system. Key Terms Systems, User Model, Model, Metaphor, Concept Modeling The Development of Human Systems I. The organization of knowledge about a phenomenon or system constitutes the human’s conceptual model of that system. Information gained from experience with a system contributes to the model, and the model in turn provides a reference or guide for future experience with the system. A. (Reinstein and Hersh, 1984) – a set of concepts a person gradually acquires to explain the behavior of a system. …. That enables that person to understand and interact with the system. 1. For the user, the important thing about a model is its ability to predict: when confronted with unfamiliar or incompletely understood situations, the user relies on their model, their conceptual understanding of the system, to make educated guesses about how to proceed. If the user’s model accurately reflects the effects of the system, then he will be more successful in learning and using the system, and likely will perceive the system as easy to use. 2. Because the model can server this important role in design of helping to create an understandable and predictable system, the creation of the user’s conceptual model should be the first task of system development. One of the more important examples of the use of conceptual model, the XEROX Star office automation system (whose design greatly influenced Apple’s Lisa and Macintosh systems), started with thirty man-years of design work on the user interface before either the hardware or the system software was designed (Smith, Irby, Kimball, Verplank and Harselm, 1982). 3. The conceptual model does not have to be an accurate representation of how the system actually functions. Indeed, it can be quite different from reality, and in most if not all circumstances for systems as complex as computers, should be. 4. The model may be a myth or metaphor, that explains the system: it “suggests that the computer is like something with which the user is already familiar” (Rubinstein and Hersh, 1984, p. 43), or provides a simple explanation of the system which can be used to predict the system’s behavior. 5. ….the conceptual models people form are based on their interactions with an environment … “people who have different roles within an environment … will form different conceptual systems of those environments. 6. People whose essential interaction with an environment is to create it will almost inevitably have an understanding and conceptualization of it which is different from those whose major interaction with it is to use it” Action Assignment Based on the readings for this module, please identify a personal “system” with which you act and perform within. This should be from personal experience and one that assists in providing a model for organization, understanding and problem solving.