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1. At the end of the Introduction, Herodotus states: “I know that human happiness never remains the same.” Show how this belief is reflected in Herodotus’ account of Gyges and Kroisos. 1. In Book 6 section 109, Herodotus has the Athenian general Miltiades convince Kallimachos to attack the Persians at Marathon. Analyze the speech given by Miltiades. How does he argue his point? 2. Discuss the meaning of Herodotus’ story of how Kroisos misunderstood the Oracle of Delphi. 2. Compare and contrast how Herodotus portrays Xerxes and Leonidas. How does the hubris of the Persian king contrast with the bravery of the Spartan king?