Sex, Gender, and Popular Culture Spring 2015 Look through popular magazines, and see if you can find advertisements that objectify women in order to sell a product. Alternately, you may use an advertisement on television (but make sure to provide a link to the ad so I can see it!). Study these images then write a paper about objectification that deals with all or some of the following: • What effect(s), if any, do you think the objectification of women’s bodies has on our culture? • Jean Kilbourne states “turning a human being into a thing is almost always the first step toward justifying violence against that person.” What do you think she means by this? Do you agree with her reasoning? Why or why not? • Some people would argue that depicting a woman’s body as an object is a form of art. What is your opinion of this point of view? Explain your reasoning. • Why do you think that women are objectified more often than men are? • How does sexualization and objectification play out differently across racial lines? • Kilbourne explains that the consequences of being objectified are different – and more serious – for women than for men. Do you agree? How is the world different for women than it is for men? How do objectified images of women interact with those in our culture differently from the way images of men do? Why is it important to look at images in the context of the culture? • What is the difference between sexual objectification and sexual subjectification? (Ros Gill ) • How do ads construct violent white masculinity and how does that vision of masculinity hurt both men and women? Throughout your written analysis, be sure to make clear and specific reference to the images you selected, and please submit these images with your paper. Make sure you engage with and reference to at least 4 of the following authors: Kilbourne, Bordo, Hunter & Soto, Rose, Durham, Gill, Katz, Schuchardt, Ono and Buescher. Guidelines:  Keep your content focused on structural, systemic, institutional factors rather than the individual: BE ANALYTICAL NOT ANECDOTAL.  Avoid using the first person or including personal stories/reactions. You must make sure to actively engage with your readings: these essays need to be informed and framed by the theoretical material you have been reading this semester.  Keep within the 4-6 page limit; use 12-point font, double spacing and 1-inch margins.  Use formal writing conventions (introduction/thesis statement, body, conclusion) and correct grammar. Resources may be cited within the text of your paper, i.e. (Walters, 2013).

Sex, Gender, and Popular Culture Spring 2015 Look through popular magazines, and see if you can find advertisements that objectify women in order to sell a product. Alternately, you may use an advertisement on television (but make sure to provide a link to the ad so I can see it!). Study these images then write a paper about objectification that deals with all or some of the following: • What effect(s), if any, do you think the objectification of women’s bodies has on our culture? • Jean Kilbourne states “turning a human being into a thing is almost always the first step toward justifying violence against that person.” What do you think she means by this? Do you agree with her reasoning? Why or why not? • Some people would argue that depicting a woman’s body as an object is a form of art. What is your opinion of this point of view? Explain your reasoning. • Why do you think that women are objectified more often than men are? • How does sexualization and objectification play out differently across racial lines? • Kilbourne explains that the consequences of being objectified are different – and more serious – for women than for men. Do you agree? How is the world different for women than it is for men? How do objectified images of women interact with those in our culture differently from the way images of men do? Why is it important to look at images in the context of the culture? • What is the difference between sexual objectification and sexual subjectification? (Ros Gill ) • How do ads construct violent white masculinity and how does that vision of masculinity hurt both men and women? Throughout your written analysis, be sure to make clear and specific reference to the images you selected, and please submit these images with your paper. Make sure you engage with and reference to at least 4 of the following authors: Kilbourne, Bordo, Hunter & Soto, Rose, Durham, Gill, Katz, Schuchardt, Ono and Buescher. Guidelines:  Keep your content focused on structural, systemic, institutional factors rather than the individual: BE ANALYTICAL NOT ANECDOTAL.  Avoid using the first person or including personal stories/reactions. You must make sure to actively engage with your readings: these essays need to be informed and framed by the theoretical material you have been reading this semester.  Keep within the 4-6 page limit; use 12-point font, double spacing and 1-inch margins.  Use formal writing conventions (introduction/thesis statement, body, conclusion) and correct grammar. Resources may be cited within the text of your paper, i.e. (Walters, 2013).

The objectification of women has been a very controversial topic … Read More...
1. According to Ryan & Siebens (2012) __________ of adults 25 years old completed at least a high school degree and more than __________ of all adults had attained at least a bachelor’s degree. A.50.2%; 15.5%. B.70.3%; 18.4%. C.C) 85.3%; 27.9%. D.78.4%; 20.7%. 2. Which of the following was not identified as a manifest function of the social institution of education? A.personal development. B.educate. C.proper socialization. D.supervision. 3. Which of the following sociological perspectives is/are concerned that schools often indoctrinate students in the U.S. in Western bureaucratic ideology? A.Functionalism. B.Interactionism. C.Conflict. D.Conflict and Interactionism. 4. The sociological concept of “definition of the situation” was developed by: A.W.I. Thomas and Dorothy Swaine Thomas. B.W.I. Thomas. C.Rosabeth Moss Kanter. D.R. S. Smith. 5. According to the research of Myra and David Sadker (1994): A.boys receive less praise, corrections, and feedback than girls in school. B.girls receive less attention than boys in school. C.boys receive less attention than girls in school. D.girls and boys receive about the same amount of attention, praise, correction, and feedback in school. 6. The number of elderly Americans in the workforce has decreased over the last decade. True False 7. According to the author, the current call for educational reform was initiated during the __________ administration. A.Clinton. B.Reagan. C.Bush. D.Nixon. 8. The No Child Left Behind Act was passed during the __________ administration. A.Bush. B.Clinton. C.Reagan. D.Ford. 9. While the U.S. spends __________ on education than other high-income countries, our literacy scores are __________ in a world comparison. A.less; above average. B.less; average. C.more; average. D.more; below average. 10. According to the textbook, which of the following countries did not score higher than the U.S. on literacy scores? A.Sweden. B.Japan. C.Canada. D.Norway. 11. The U.S. Bureau of Statistics reported a __________ unemployment rate in December 2009. A.18. 2 million B.7.1 million C.12.7 million. D.18.4 million 12. Frances is working at a job that is below her skill level. Frances can be considered to be __________. A.unemployed. B.underemployed. C.not in the workforce. D.disemployed. 13. Persons who are __________ and __________ have high underemployment rates compared to those outside their groups. A.female; college educated. B.elderly; non-college educated. C.college educated; young. D.young; ethnic/racial minorities. 14. According to the 1993 report cited in your textbook, which of the following groups had the highest rates of labor force nonparticipation? A.blacks and Puerto Ricans. B.blacks and Native-Americans. C.Asians and blacks. D.Asians and Puerto Ricans. 15. Which of the following countries is expected to be the recipient of the largest number of outsourced jobs from the United States? A.Canada. B.India. C.China. D.Brazil. 16. Low-wage workers are characterized as: A.minority. B.female. C.disabled. D.both a and b are correct. 17. __________ defines job stress as the harmful emotional or physical responses that occurs when one’s job characteristics do not match with the capabilities, resources, or needs or the worker. A.Occupational Safety and Health Administration. B.Department of Commerce. C.National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. D.Department of Health and Human Services. 18. Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, employment discrimination based on __________ is prohibited. A.religion and sexual orientation. B.sex. C.national origin and disability. D.both b and c are correct. 19. While laws were created to stop workplace discrimination on the basis of race, religion, sex, and national origin in 1964, the

1. According to Ryan & Siebens (2012) __________ of adults 25 years old completed at least a high school degree and more than __________ of all adults had attained at least a bachelor’s degree. A.50.2%; 15.5%. B.70.3%; 18.4%. C.C) 85.3%; 27.9%. D.78.4%; 20.7%. 2. Which of the following was not identified as a manifest function of the social institution of education? A.personal development. B.educate. C.proper socialization. D.supervision. 3. Which of the following sociological perspectives is/are concerned that schools often indoctrinate students in the U.S. in Western bureaucratic ideology? A.Functionalism. B.Interactionism. C.Conflict. D.Conflict and Interactionism. 4. The sociological concept of “definition of the situation” was developed by: A.W.I. Thomas and Dorothy Swaine Thomas. B.W.I. Thomas. C.Rosabeth Moss Kanter. D.R. S. Smith. 5. According to the research of Myra and David Sadker (1994): A.boys receive less praise, corrections, and feedback than girls in school. B.girls receive less attention than boys in school. C.boys receive less attention than girls in school. D.girls and boys receive about the same amount of attention, praise, correction, and feedback in school. 6. The number of elderly Americans in the workforce has decreased over the last decade. True False 7. According to the author, the current call for educational reform was initiated during the __________ administration. A.Clinton. B.Reagan. C.Bush. D.Nixon. 8. The No Child Left Behind Act was passed during the __________ administration. A.Bush. B.Clinton. C.Reagan. D.Ford. 9. While the U.S. spends __________ on education than other high-income countries, our literacy scores are __________ in a world comparison. A.less; above average. B.less; average. C.more; average. D.more; below average. 10. According to the textbook, which of the following countries did not score higher than the U.S. on literacy scores? A.Sweden. B.Japan. C.Canada. D.Norway. 11. The U.S. Bureau of Statistics reported a __________ unemployment rate in December 2009. A.18. 2 million B.7.1 million C.12.7 million. D.18.4 million 12. Frances is working at a job that is below her skill level. Frances can be considered to be __________. A.unemployed. B.underemployed. C.not in the workforce. D.disemployed. 13. Persons who are __________ and __________ have high underemployment rates compared to those outside their groups. A.female; college educated. B.elderly; non-college educated. C.college educated; young. D.young; ethnic/racial minorities. 14. According to the 1993 report cited in your textbook, which of the following groups had the highest rates of labor force nonparticipation? A.blacks and Puerto Ricans. B.blacks and Native-Americans. C.Asians and blacks. D.Asians and Puerto Ricans. 15. Which of the following countries is expected to be the recipient of the largest number of outsourced jobs from the United States? A.Canada. B.India. C.China. D.Brazil. 16. Low-wage workers are characterized as: A.minority. B.female. C.disabled. D.both a and b are correct. 17. __________ defines job stress as the harmful emotional or physical responses that occurs when one’s job characteristics do not match with the capabilities, resources, or needs or the worker. A.Occupational Safety and Health Administration. B.Department of Commerce. C.National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. D.Department of Health and Human Services. 18. Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, employment discrimination based on __________ is prohibited. A.religion and sexual orientation. B.sex. C.national origin and disability. D.both b and c are correct. 19. While laws were created to stop workplace discrimination on the basis of race, religion, sex, and national origin in 1964, the

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