Biomedical Signal and Image Processing (4800_420_001) Assigned on September 12th, 2017 Assignment 4 – Noise and Correlation 1. If a signal is measured as 2.5 V and the noise is 28 mV (28 × 10−3 V), what is the SNR in dB? 2. A single sinusoidal signal is found with some noise. If the RMS value of the noise is 0.5 V and the SNR is 10 dB, what is the RMS amplitude of the sinusoid? 3. The file signal_noise.mat contains a variable x that consists of a 1.0-V peak sinusoidal signal buried in noise. What is the SNR for this signal and noise? Assume that the noise RMS is much greater than the signal RMS. Note: “signal_noise.mat” and other files used in these assignments can be downloaded from the content area of Brightspace, within the “Data Files for Exercises” folder. These files can be opened in Matlab by copying into the active folder and double-clicking on the file or using the Matlab load command using the format: load(‘signal_noise.mat’). To discover the variables within the files use the Matlab who command. 4. An 8-bit ADC converter that has an input range of ±5 V is used to convert a signal that ranges between ±2 V. What is the SNR of the input if the input noise equals the quantization noise of the converter? Hint: Refer to Equation below to find the quantization noise: 5. The file filter1.mat contains the spectrum of a fourth-order lowpass filter as variable x in dB. The file also contains the corresponding frequencies of x in variable freq. Plot the spectrum of this filter both as dB versus log frequency and as linear amplitude versus linear frequency. The frequency axis should range between 10 and 400 Hz in both plots. Hint: Use Equation below to convert: Biomedical Signal and Image Processing (4800_420_001) Assigned on September 12th, 2017 6. Generate one cycle of the square wave similar to the one shown below in a 500-point MATLAB array. Determine the RMS value of this waveform. [Hint: When you take the square of the data array, be sure to use a period before the up arrow so that MATLAB does the squaring point-by-point (i.e., x.^2).]. 7. A resistor produces 10 μV noise (i.e., 10 × 10−6 V noise) when the room temperature is 310 K and the bandwidth is 1 kHz (i.e., 1000 Hz). What current noise would be produced by this resistor? 8. A 3-ma current flows through both a diode (i.e., a semiconductor) and a 20,000-Ω (i.e., 20-kΩ) resistor. What is the net current noise, in? Assume a bandwidth of 1 kHz (i.e., 1 × 103 Hz). Which of the two components is responsible for producing the most noise? 9. Determine if the two signals, x and y, in file correl1.mat are correlated by checking the angle between them. 10. Modify the approach used in Practice Problem 3 to find the angle between short signals: Do not attempt to plot these vectors as it would require a 6-dimensional plot!

Biomedical Signal and Image Processing (4800_420_001) Assigned on September 12th, 2017 Assignment 4 – Noise and Correlation 1. If a signal is measured as 2.5 V and the noise is 28 mV (28 × 10−3 V), what is the SNR in dB? 2. A single sinusoidal signal is found with some noise. If the RMS value of the noise is 0.5 V and the SNR is 10 dB, what is the RMS amplitude of the sinusoid? 3. The file signal_noise.mat contains a variable x that consists of a 1.0-V peak sinusoidal signal buried in noise. What is the SNR for this signal and noise? Assume that the noise RMS is much greater than the signal RMS. Note: “signal_noise.mat” and other files used in these assignments can be downloaded from the content area of Brightspace, within the “Data Files for Exercises” folder. These files can be opened in Matlab by copying into the active folder and double-clicking on the file or using the Matlab load command using the format: load(‘signal_noise.mat’). To discover the variables within the files use the Matlab who command. 4. An 8-bit ADC converter that has an input range of ±5 V is used to convert a signal that ranges between ±2 V. What is the SNR of the input if the input noise equals the quantization noise of the converter? Hint: Refer to Equation below to find the quantization noise: 5. The file filter1.mat contains the spectrum of a fourth-order lowpass filter as variable x in dB. The file also contains the corresponding frequencies of x in variable freq. Plot the spectrum of this filter both as dB versus log frequency and as linear amplitude versus linear frequency. The frequency axis should range between 10 and 400 Hz in both plots. Hint: Use Equation below to convert: Biomedical Signal and Image Processing (4800_420_001) Assigned on September 12th, 2017 6. Generate one cycle of the square wave similar to the one shown below in a 500-point MATLAB array. Determine the RMS value of this waveform. [Hint: When you take the square of the data array, be sure to use a period before the up arrow so that MATLAB does the squaring point-by-point (i.e., x.^2).]. 7. A resistor produces 10 μV noise (i.e., 10 × 10−6 V noise) when the room temperature is 310 K and the bandwidth is 1 kHz (i.e., 1000 Hz). What current noise would be produced by this resistor? 8. A 3-ma current flows through both a diode (i.e., a semiconductor) and a 20,000-Ω (i.e., 20-kΩ) resistor. What is the net current noise, in? Assume a bandwidth of 1 kHz (i.e., 1 × 103 Hz). Which of the two components is responsible for producing the most noise? 9. Determine if the two signals, x and y, in file correl1.mat are correlated by checking the angle between them. 10. Modify the approach used in Practice Problem 3 to find the angle between short signals: Do not attempt to plot these vectors as it would require a 6-dimensional plot!

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Matlab project Note: Your final project must be uniquely different from anyone else’s including different from the example I posted!! You are NOT allowed to work together because this is your individual final project!! Anyone caught working together or with similar data/answers will get an automatic zero and will be reported to the Dean’s Office!! REQUIREMENTS %%0. Make a main m-file that you use to run and call your function file. Give it a unique name. Make sure and include your name, your section, and date at the top of the m-file. Suppress any extraneous info; only output what is useful and what follows the intent of your program. (8 points) %%1. Create and use at least one anonymous function somewhere in your program. (5 points) %%2. Make a useful function m-file. That is, create and use at least one user-defined function Use comments immediately below the function definition line that describe what the function does and its inputs and outputs. (10 points) %%3. Utilize proper coding and documentation practices. Comment throughout both the main m-file and the function m-file. Create at least one section (cells). (12 points) %%4. Create and use either one subfunction or one nested function within your function mfile, (10 points) %%5. Use some type of numerical approximation technique like Runge Kutta, Euler’s method, Midpoint Rule, some type of numeric series, etc., 10 pts %%6. Create and use at least one loop (for/while/midpoint), 10 pts %%7. Create and use at least one conditional statement, 10 pts %%8. Create at least one plot, including a title and axes labels at a minimum, 10pts %%9. Output an organized display of your values to a text file that can be opened outside of MATLAB. Include headings so that the display makes sense. 10pts Note: Project need not be fancy or overcomplicated. You want to make sure it runs, meets all the listed requirements, is well-commented and is YOUR OWN WORK !! DELIVERABLES:!! %%10. Submit the following files onto blackboard (ZIP them!): 1. A flowchart or pseudocode of your program plan, 5pts 2. Your main project m-file, 0 credit if not included! 3. Your function m-file, -50% if not included!

Matlab project Note: Your final project must be uniquely different from anyone else’s including different from the example I posted!! You are NOT allowed to work together because this is your individual final project!! Anyone caught working together or with similar data/answers will get an automatic zero and will be reported to the Dean’s Office!! REQUIREMENTS %%0. Make a main m-file that you use to run and call your function file. Give it a unique name. Make sure and include your name, your section, and date at the top of the m-file. Suppress any extraneous info; only output what is useful and what follows the intent of your program. (8 points) %%1. Create and use at least one anonymous function somewhere in your program. (5 points) %%2. Make a useful function m-file. That is, create and use at least one user-defined function Use comments immediately below the function definition line that describe what the function does and its inputs and outputs. (10 points) %%3. Utilize proper coding and documentation practices. Comment throughout both the main m-file and the function m-file. Create at least one section (cells). (12 points) %%4. Create and use either one subfunction or one nested function within your function mfile, (10 points) %%5. Use some type of numerical approximation technique like Runge Kutta, Euler’s method, Midpoint Rule, some type of numeric series, etc., 10 pts %%6. Create and use at least one loop (for/while/midpoint), 10 pts %%7. Create and use at least one conditional statement, 10 pts %%8. Create at least one plot, including a title and axes labels at a minimum, 10pts %%9. Output an organized display of your values to a text file that can be opened outside of MATLAB. Include headings so that the display makes sense. 10pts Note: Project need not be fancy or overcomplicated. You want to make sure it runs, meets all the listed requirements, is well-commented and is YOUR OWN WORK !! DELIVERABLES:!! %%10. Submit the following files onto blackboard (ZIP them!): 1. A flowchart or pseudocode of your program plan, 5pts 2. Your main project m-file, 0 credit if not included! 3. Your function m-file, -50% if not included!

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A crush of popular social-media toys – Facebook, Twitter, Google, Yahoo, Yelp, social games, Skype, YouTube and Quora, to name a few – has opened the lines of communication between millions of people as never before. But the glut of tools and their features – chat, messages, instant messages, texting and tweets – has led to multiple conversations that can be head-spinning. People are drowning in a deluge of data. Corporate users received about 110 messages a day in 2010, says market researcher Radicati Group. There are 110 million tweets a day, Twitter says. Researcher Basex has pegged business productivity losses due to the “cost of unnecessary interruptions” at $650 billion in 2007. What can you do to manage social media? Is there a way to use social media in a positive way in the workplace?

A crush of popular social-media toys – Facebook, Twitter, Google, Yahoo, Yelp, social games, Skype, YouTube and Quora, to name a few – has opened the lines of communication between millions of people as never before. But the glut of tools and their features – chat, messages, instant messages, texting and tweets – has led to multiple conversations that can be head-spinning. People are drowning in a deluge of data. Corporate users received about 110 messages a day in 2010, says market researcher Radicati Group. There are 110 million tweets a day, Twitter says. Researcher Basex has pegged business productivity losses due to the “cost of unnecessary interruptions” at $650 billion in 2007. What can you do to manage social media? Is there a way to use social media in a positive way in the workplace?

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Excel Review Assignment #1 – ISM3011 Ask before/after/during class or come into office/online hours if you have questions on any of this. Refer to the syllabus on Academic Dishonesty and group/individual work and allowable help for all projects – also remember it’s your responsibility to protect your work. Before you start — read this whole assignment and use your optional text and/or review the tutorials as necessary on Canvas or www.bwarner.org/tips. A project overview for each project is also available. Part 1 – Create / Download / Parts • Create a blank workbook. Name it using your Last name followed by your initials and _ 1EX (underscore then 1EX). For Example: WarnerBL_1EX .xlsx. Either extension is fine. • Download the Word file Ex1 Data1-F15.docx and copy/paste Word table from the file into the 2nd worksheet in your workbook. Name the tab ‘2014 Sales’. • Download the Word file Ex1 Data2-F15.docx and copy/paste Word table from the file into the 3rd worksheet in your workbook. Name the tab ‘2015 Sales’. • Adjust the column widths of both Sales worksheets so that no data is cut off. • Do not add any formulas or cells to the Sales worksheets Part 2 – Summary Worksheet • Create a summary sheet from the Sales worksheets. Name the worksheet ‘Summary’. Build two summaries on this worksheet. Summary 1: Comparison of Sales by Month and Summary 2: Comparison of Sales by Store ID. • Use the project overview as a guide for the format. Use colors, borders and backgrounds to make the worksheet look professional. o Include the following:  Month and Store ID headings that reference the 2014 Sales worksheet. This means if ‘January’ is changed to ‘Jan’ in the 2014 Sales worksheet, the summary worksheet heading will also change. Do the same with the Store ID and 2014 Sales worksheet.  Formulas that reference the 2014 and 2015 Sales worksheets. If the Sales worksheets change, the summary worksheet should also adjust automatically.  Correct format for all book totals (commas, no decimal places)  Correct % change formulas in both tables. This is how much the totals have changed compared to the 2014 totals.  Correct format for all % change (% sign, 1 decimal place).  Use borders and background colors on the column & row headings for both tables of data • On the summary worksheet, use conditional formatting to highlight any % change cell that greater than zero with a bright color background. If the % change is negative, display the value with a red font and no background color. o There should be only two conditional formats set on each cell. o **Note – to do the conditional formatting steps, you can set the conditional formatting for one cell and then use the format painter to apply to other appropriate cells. If the values are all changed, the conditional formatting should still work. Once you have it working, check by changing some values & see if the conditional formatting changes correctly. Return to the original values/formulas in the cell before you submit. If you don’t use the format painter for this be sure you still try it out & understand how it works. Part 3 – Chart • Create 2 column graphs displaying Totals by Month and Totals by Store ID. Include: • Titles on both chart as well as labeling on the x and the y axis. • Color fonts for the title and axis labels (not dark blue or black) • Large font for the title (at least 16 point) • Include a legend • Format the background (chart area/walls) of the graph with a texture – use one that is easy to see. • Be sure that if any headings or numbers in the worksheets change, these changes are automatically reflected in your chart. • Add a star or banner shape between the two charts and add your name. Be sure the text is part of the shape (not a shape and a separate text box). Part 4 – Finishing Up • Be sure your worksheet tabs are named correctly and if possible, make each worksheet tab a distinctly different color. If your version of Excel doesn’t allow this, don’t worry about it. But do delete any additional worksheets in the workbook. • Create a title in the first row of your summary worksheet. Use the merge and center feature (across all columns with data) and a larger font & different font color (not blue or black). Also add a background color. Add a comment with your email address and the date your spreadsheet was created. • Below the title, add a row with the current date (use the today or now formula) so it is updated whenever the spreadsheet is opened). • Check your formulas, be sure they are correct and make sense. For example, if you are subtracting 2 numbers don’t use the SUM formulas (sum is for adding). Excel may figure out what you mean, but we want the formulas to be used correctly (show that you understand how to use them). • Check your worksheet for errors! Potential errors in cells show up as small green triangles in the top left corner of each cell. Do a little Googling on error checking for your version of Excel and be sure you have error checking turned on and that you reconcile each error so they don’t display when we open your project for grading. Sample: Project Submission Instructions / Notes: • Office/online hours get busy as deadlines approach. If you procrastinate and wait until the last days to work on your project, you may not be able to get all the help you want. • The only way we can fairly grade the projects is if we check for each requirement. Please go through the instructions before you submit & be sure you have done each one correctly so you don’t miss out on points. Compare your solution to the project overview. • Submitting: o Remember to leave all of the internal file properties intact for your project, if they are modified or deleted, you project won’t be accepted (see syllabus for more on this). o Read and follow the instructions in the Assignments section of Canvas on uploading and checking your upload. If you follow these instructions you can ensure that your project is uploaded correctly (and is the correct project). Be sure that Access / Excel are closed before you try to upload your project files. o If your project doesn’t upload correctly before the due date, it will be considered late and be assessed the late penalty – even it was finished on time. This is the only way we can ensure that students check their Canvas submissions. • Technology problems relating to your home computer (Windows based or Mac), internet connection or slow Canvas access are not valid excuses for late/missing work, unless Canvas is down for 6+ hours on the due date. Computers at USF computer labs and the library are available; leave enough time to access them as needed. Also give yourself enough time that if a TA can’t answer a question, you’ll have time to contact me & I can either help you or make an allowance in your grade. If you wait until the last days, I may not be able to do either.

Excel Review Assignment #1 – ISM3011 Ask before/after/during class or come into office/online hours if you have questions on any of this. Refer to the syllabus on Academic Dishonesty and group/individual work and allowable help for all projects – also remember it’s your responsibility to protect your work. Before you start — read this whole assignment and use your optional text and/or review the tutorials as necessary on Canvas or www.bwarner.org/tips. A project overview for each project is also available. Part 1 – Create / Download / Parts • Create a blank workbook. Name it using your Last name followed by your initials and _ 1EX (underscore then 1EX). For Example: WarnerBL_1EX .xlsx. Either extension is fine. • Download the Word file Ex1 Data1-F15.docx and copy/paste Word table from the file into the 2nd worksheet in your workbook. Name the tab ‘2014 Sales’. • Download the Word file Ex1 Data2-F15.docx and copy/paste Word table from the file into the 3rd worksheet in your workbook. Name the tab ‘2015 Sales’. • Adjust the column widths of both Sales worksheets so that no data is cut off. • Do not add any formulas or cells to the Sales worksheets Part 2 – Summary Worksheet • Create a summary sheet from the Sales worksheets. Name the worksheet ‘Summary’. Build two summaries on this worksheet. Summary 1: Comparison of Sales by Month and Summary 2: Comparison of Sales by Store ID. • Use the project overview as a guide for the format. Use colors, borders and backgrounds to make the worksheet look professional. o Include the following:  Month and Store ID headings that reference the 2014 Sales worksheet. This means if ‘January’ is changed to ‘Jan’ in the 2014 Sales worksheet, the summary worksheet heading will also change. Do the same with the Store ID and 2014 Sales worksheet.  Formulas that reference the 2014 and 2015 Sales worksheets. If the Sales worksheets change, the summary worksheet should also adjust automatically.  Correct format for all book totals (commas, no decimal places)  Correct % change formulas in both tables. This is how much the totals have changed compared to the 2014 totals.  Correct format for all % change (% sign, 1 decimal place).  Use borders and background colors on the column & row headings for both tables of data • On the summary worksheet, use conditional formatting to highlight any % change cell that greater than zero with a bright color background. If the % change is negative, display the value with a red font and no background color. o There should be only two conditional formats set on each cell. o **Note – to do the conditional formatting steps, you can set the conditional formatting for one cell and then use the format painter to apply to other appropriate cells. If the values are all changed, the conditional formatting should still work. Once you have it working, check by changing some values & see if the conditional formatting changes correctly. Return to the original values/formulas in the cell before you submit. If you don’t use the format painter for this be sure you still try it out & understand how it works. Part 3 – Chart • Create 2 column graphs displaying Totals by Month and Totals by Store ID. Include: • Titles on both chart as well as labeling on the x and the y axis. • Color fonts for the title and axis labels (not dark blue or black) • Large font for the title (at least 16 point) • Include a legend • Format the background (chart area/walls) of the graph with a texture – use one that is easy to see. • Be sure that if any headings or numbers in the worksheets change, these changes are automatically reflected in your chart. • Add a star or banner shape between the two charts and add your name. Be sure the text is part of the shape (not a shape and a separate text box). Part 4 – Finishing Up • Be sure your worksheet tabs are named correctly and if possible, make each worksheet tab a distinctly different color. If your version of Excel doesn’t allow this, don’t worry about it. But do delete any additional worksheets in the workbook. • Create a title in the first row of your summary worksheet. Use the merge and center feature (across all columns with data) and a larger font & different font color (not blue or black). Also add a background color. Add a comment with your email address and the date your spreadsheet was created. • Below the title, add a row with the current date (use the today or now formula) so it is updated whenever the spreadsheet is opened). • Check your formulas, be sure they are correct and make sense. For example, if you are subtracting 2 numbers don’t use the SUM formulas (sum is for adding). Excel may figure out what you mean, but we want the formulas to be used correctly (show that you understand how to use them). • Check your worksheet for errors! Potential errors in cells show up as small green triangles in the top left corner of each cell. Do a little Googling on error checking for your version of Excel and be sure you have error checking turned on and that you reconcile each error so they don’t display when we open your project for grading. Sample: Project Submission Instructions / Notes: • Office/online hours get busy as deadlines approach. If you procrastinate and wait until the last days to work on your project, you may not be able to get all the help you want. • The only way we can fairly grade the projects is if we check for each requirement. Please go through the instructions before you submit & be sure you have done each one correctly so you don’t miss out on points. Compare your solution to the project overview. • Submitting: o Remember to leave all of the internal file properties intact for your project, if they are modified or deleted, you project won’t be accepted (see syllabus for more on this). o Read and follow the instructions in the Assignments section of Canvas on uploading and checking your upload. If you follow these instructions you can ensure that your project is uploaded correctly (and is the correct project). Be sure that Access / Excel are closed before you try to upload your project files. o If your project doesn’t upload correctly before the due date, it will be considered late and be assessed the late penalty – even it was finished on time. This is the only way we can ensure that students check their Canvas submissions. • Technology problems relating to your home computer (Windows based or Mac), internet connection or slow Canvas access are not valid excuses for late/missing work, unless Canvas is down for 6+ hours on the due date. Computers at USF computer labs and the library are available; leave enough time to access them as needed. Also give yourself enough time that if a TA can’t answer a question, you’ll have time to contact me & I can either help you or make an allowance in your grade. If you wait until the last days, I may not be able to do either.

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