http://www.econlib.org/library/Smith/smWN1.html#B.I,%20Ch.1,%20Of%20the%20Division%20of%20Labor What does Smith mean by division of labor, and how does it affect production? A. He means that each person does their own work to benefit themselves by creating goods. This creates well-crafted goods. B. He argues that in order to become more efficient, we need to put everyone in the same workhouses and eliminate division. C. He says that the division of labor provides farmers with the opportunity to become involved in manufacturing. D. He means that each person makes one small part of a good very quickly, but this is bad for the quality of production overall. E. He means that by having each individual specialize in one thing, they can work together to create products more efficiently and effectively. Which of the following is NOT an example of the circumstances by which the division of labor improves efficiency? A. A doll-making company stops allowing each employee to make one whole doll each and instead appoints each employee to create one part of the doll. B. A family of rug makers buys a loom to speed up their production. C. A mechanic opens a new shop to be nearer to the market. D. A factory changes the responsibilities of its employees so that one group handles heavy boxes and the other group does precision sewing. E. A baker who used to make a dozen cookies at a time buys a giant mixer and oven that enable him to make 20 dozen cookies at a time. Considering the global system of states, what do you think the allegory of the pins has to offer? A. It suggests that there could be a natural harmony of interests among states because they can divide labor among themselves to the benefit of everyone. B. It suggests that states can never be secure enough to cooperate because every state is equally capable of producing the same things. C. It suggests that a central authority is necessary to help states cooperate, in the same way that a manager oversees operations at a factory. D. The allegory of the pins is a great way to think about how wars come about, because states won’t cooperate with each other like pin-makers do. E. The allegory of the pins shows us that there is no natural harmony of interests between states. Smith sees the development of industry, technology, and the division of labor as A. generally positive but not progressive. The lives of many people may improve, but the world will generally stay the same. B. generally positive and progressive. The world is improving because of these changes, and it will continue to improve. C. generally negative. The creation of new technologies and the division of labor are harmful to all humans, both the wealthy and the poor. D. generally negative. The creation of the division of labor only benefits the wealthy at the expense of the poor. E. both positive and negative. Smith thinks that technology hurts us, while the division of labor helps society progress and develop. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RUwS1uAdUcI What point is Hans Rosling trying to make when he describes the global health pre-test? A. He is trying to show how the average person has no idea of the true state of global health. B. He is trying to illustrate how we tend to carry around outdated notions about the state of global health. C. He is trying to make us see that the less-developed countries are far worse off than we ever thought. D. He is trying to drive home the idea that global health has not improved over time despite foreign aid and improvements in medicine. E. He is trying to warn us about the rapid growth in world population. Rosling shows us that we tend to think about global health in terms of “we and them.” Who are the “we” and who are the “them”? A. “We” refers to academics, students, and scholars; “them” refers to the uneducated. B. “We” refers to the average person; “them” refers to politicians and global leaders. C. “We” refers to the wealthy; “them” refers to the poor. D. “We” refers to the Western world; “them” refers to the Third World. E. “We” refers to students; “them” refers to professors. In the life expectancy and fertility rate demonstration, what do the statistics reveal? A. Over time, developed countries produced small families and long lives, whereas developing countries produced large families and short lives. B. The world today looks much like it did in 1962 despite our attempts to help poorer countries develop. C. All countries in the world, even the poorer ones, are trending toward longer lives and smaller families. D. Developed countries are trending toward smaller families but shorter lives. E. All countries tend to make gains and losses in fertility and lifespan, but in the long run there is no significant change. What point does Rosling make about life expectancy in Vietnam as compared to the United States? To what does he attribute the change? A. He indicates that economic change preceded social change. B. He suggests that markets and free trade resulted in the increase in life expectancy. C. He says that the data indicates that the Vietnam War contributed to the decrease in life expectancy during that time, but that it recovered shortly thereafter. D. He says that social change in Asia preceded economic change, and life expectancy in Vietnam increased despite the war. E. He indicates that Vietnam was equal to the United States in life expectancy before the war. According to Rosling, how are regional statistics about child survival rates and GDP potentially misleading? A. Countries have an incentive to lie about the actual survival rates because they want foreign assistance. B. Statistics for the individual countries in a region are often vastly different. C. Regional statistics give us a strong sense of how we can understand development within one region, but it does not allow us to compare across regions. D. The data available over time and from countries within regions is often poorly collected and incomplete. E. Child survival rates cannot be compared regionally, since each culture has a different sense of how important children are. What is Rosling’s main point about statistical databases? A. The data is available but not readily accessible, so we need to create networks to solve that problem. B. The data that comes from these databases is often flawed and unreliable. C. It doesn’t matter whether we have access to these databases because the data can’t be used in an interesting way. D. Statistics can’t tell us very much, but we should do our best to make use of the information we do have. E. The information that could be true is too hard to sort out from what isn’t true because we don’t know how strong the data really is. http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1916/imp-hsc/ch10.htm#v22zz99h-298-GUESS Click the link at left to read Chapter 10 of Imperialism, The Highest Stage of Capitalism, then answer the questions below. According to Lenin, what is the fundamental source of a monopoly? A. It is a natural effect of human behavior. B. It is the result of governments and police systems. C. Its source is rooted in democracy. D. It comes from the concentration of production at a high stage. E. It is what follows a socialist system. What are the principal types or manifestations of monopoly capitalism? A. Monopolistic capitalist associations like cartels, syndicates and trusts; and monopolies as a result of colonial policy. B. Monopolization of raw materials and monopolization of finance capital. C. Monopolization of governing structures and monopolies of oligarchies. D. Monopolist capitalist associations like cartels, syndicates and trusts; and monopolies as a result of colonial policy AND monopolization of raw materials and monopolization of finance capital. E. Monopolization of raw materials and monopolization of finance capital AND monopolization of governing structures and monopolies of oligarchies. What is the definition of a rentier state according to Lenin? A. A state that colonizes other states. B. A state whose bourgeoisie live off the export of capital. C. A poor state. D. A wealthy state. E. A colonized state. Overall Lenin’s analysis of the state of capitalism is concerned with: A. The interactions between states. B. The interactions within states. C. The ownership of industry and organizations. D. The interactions within states AND the ownership of industry and organizations. E. All of these options. http://view.vzaar.com/1194665/flashplayer Watch the video at left, and then answer the questions below. The Marshall Plan was developed by the United States after World War II. What was its purpose? A. to feed the hungry of Europe B. to stem the spread of communism C. to maintain an American military presence in Europe D. to feed the hungry of Europe AND to stem the spread of communism E. to stem the spread of communism AND to maintain an American military presence in Europe What kind of aid was sent at first? A. foods, fertilizers, and machines for agriculture B. books, paper, and radios for education C. clothing, medical supplies, and construction equipment D. mostly cash in the form of loans and grants E. people with business expertise to help develop the economy What kind of aid did the United States send to Greece to help its farmers? A. tractors B. mules C. seeds D. fertilizer E. all of these options What was one way that the United States influenced public opinion in Italy during the elections described in the video? A. The United States provided significant food aid to Italy so that the Italians would be inclined to vote against the Communists. B. The Italians had been impressed by the strength and loyalty of the American soldiers, and were inclined to listen to them during the elections. C. There was a large number of young Italians who followed American fashion and culture. D. Italian immigrants in the United States wrote letters to their families in Italy urging them not to vote for Communists. E. The Greeks showed the Italians how much the Americans had helped them, warning that supporting a Communist candidate would mean sacrificing American aid. How did Pope Pius XII undermine the strength of the Communist Party in Italy? A. He encouraged Italians to go out and vote. B. He warned that the Communist Party would legalize abortion. C. He excommunicated many members of the Communist Party. D. He made a speech in support of capitalism. E. He declared that Communists should not be baptized. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KVhWqwnZ1eM Use the video at left to answer the questions below. Hans Rosling shares how his students discuss “we” versus “them.” To whom are his students referring? A. the United States and Mexico B. Christians and Muslims C. Democrats and Republicans D. Europe and Asia E. none of these options According to Rosling, what factors contribute to a better quality of life for people in developing countries? A. family planning B. soap and water C. investment D. vaccinations E. all of these options Using his data, Rosling demonstrates a great shift in Mexico. What change does his data demonstrate? A. a decrease in drug usage B. a decrease in the number of jobs available C. an increase in average life expenctancy D. an increase in the rate of violent crime E. all of these options Instead of “developing” and “developed,” Rosling divides countries into four categories. Which of the following is NOT one of them? A. high-income countries B. middle-income countries C. low-income countries D. no-income countries E. collapsing countries Rosling discusses the increased life expectancy in both China and the United States. How are the situations different? A. The U.S. and China are on different continents. B. The life expectancy in China rose much higher than it did in the U.S. C. China first expanded its life expectancy and then grew economically, whereas the U.S. did the reverse. D. Average income and life expectancy steadily increased in the U.S., but they steadily decreased in China. E. all of these options Rosling shows a chart that demonstrates the regional income distribution of the world from 1970 to 2015. During that time, what has happened in South and East Asia? A. Money has flowed out of Asia to developing countries in Africa. B. The average income of citizens of South and East Asia has increased over the last 30 years. C. The average income of citizens of South and East Asia has decreased over the last 30 years. D. The average income of citizens of South and East Asia has surpassed that of Europe and North America. E. There has been no change. Click here to access GapMinder, the data visualizer that Hans Rosling uses. In 2010, which of the following countries had both a higher per-capita GDP and a higher life expectancy than the United States? A. France B. Japan C. Denmark D. Singapore E. Kuwait http://www.garretthardinsociety.org/articles/art_tragedy_of_the_commons.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8a4S23uXIcM The Tragedy of the Commons What is the rough definition of the “commons” given in the article? A. any private property on which others trespass B. behavior that everyone considers to be normal C. a cow that lives in a herd D. government-administered benefits, like unemployment or Social Security E. a shared resource What does Hardin mean by describing pollution as a reverse tragedy of the commons? A. Rather than causing a problem, it resolves a problem. B. Pollution costs us money rather than making us money. C. We are putting something into the commons rather than removing something from it. D. It starts at the other end of the biological pyramid. E. Humans see less of it as time goes on. Hardin says “the air and waters surrounding us cannot readily be fenced, and so the tragedy of the commons as a cesspool must be prevented by different means.” What are those means? A. establishing more international treaties to protect the environment B. using laws or taxes to make the polluter pay for pollution C. punishing consumers for generating waste D. raising awareness about environmental issues E. developing greener products Pacific Garbage Dump According to the news report, what percent of the Gyre is made of plastic? A. 50 percent B. 60 percent C. 70 percent D. 80 percent E. 90 percent Where does the majority of the plastic in the Gyre come from? A. barges that dump trash in the ocean B. storm drains from land C. people throwing litter off boats into the ocean D. remnants from movie sets filmed at sea E. fishing boats processing their catch What does Charles Moore mean by the “throwaway concept”? A. the habitual use of disposable plastic packaging B. the mistaken view that marine ecosystems are infinitely renewable C. a general lack of interest in recycling D. the willingness to discard effective but small-scale environmental policies in deference to broader E. people throwing away their lives in pursuit of money In what way does the Great Pacific Gyre represent issues like global warming a tragedy of the commons? A. because all the plastic trash in it comes from the United States B. because it kills the albatross and makes it impossible for them to reproduce C. surbecause the countries rounding the Pacific Ocean are polluting the water in a way that affects the quality of the resource for all, but no one is specifically accountable for it D. because it causes marine life to compete for increasingly scarce nutrients in the ocean E. because nations in the region all collectively agreed to dump their trash in the Pacific http://www.npr.org/news/specials/climate/video/ http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/climateconnections/climate-map http://www.npr.org/news/specials/climate/video/wildchronicles.html Use the links provided at left to answer the questions below. Global Warming: It’s All About Carbon How does carbon give us fuel? A. When you burn things that contain carbon the bonds break, giving off energy. B. Burning things creates carbon out of other elements as a result of combustion. C. Carbon is created after oxygen and hydrogen get released. D. Carbon bonds are created thereby giving off energy. E. Carbon is made into fuel by refining oil. National Geographic Climate Map What geographic areas have seen the most significant changes in temperature? A. The African continent. B. The Pacific Ocean. C. The Atlantic Ocean. D. The Arctic Ocean. E. The Indian Ocean. Why does it matter that rain fall steadily rather than in downpours? A. For those countries accustomed to steady rain fall, downpours are actually more efficient ways to catch water. B. Downpours in regions accustomed to steady fall makes them more prone to flooding and damage. C. In general, as long as regions get either steady fall or downpours most things will stay the same. D. Downpours are always more beneficial to crop growth than steady rain. E. Steady rain is always more beneficial to crop growth than downpours. Climate Change Threatens Kona Coffee What is unique about the climate in Hawaii, making it a good place to grow coffee? A. The elevation is high, the nights are cool and the days are humid. B. The elevation is low, the nights are warm and the days are dry. C. The elevation is high, the nights are warm and the days are dry. D. The elevation is low, the nights are cool and the days are dry. E. The elevation is high, the nights are warm and the days are humid. What specific temperature pattern have experts noted about the region where Kona coffee is grown in Hawaii? A. There has been no significant change but the bean production has dropped. B. The nights have warmed up, even though the days have cooled. C. There has been an increase in bean production with the change in climate. D. The nights have cooled even more so than before. E. There has been universally hot days all the way around.

http://www.econlib.org/library/Smith/smWN1.html#B.I,%20Ch.1,%20Of%20the%20Division%20of%20Labor What does Smith mean by division of labor, and how does it affect production? A. He means that each person does their own work to benefit themselves by creating goods. This creates well-crafted goods. B. He argues that in order to become more efficient, we need to put everyone in the same workhouses and eliminate division. C. He says that the division of labor provides farmers with the opportunity to become involved in manufacturing. D. He means that each person makes one small part of a good very quickly, but this is bad for the quality of production overall. E. He means that by having each individual specialize in one thing, they can work together to create products more efficiently and effectively. Which of the following is NOT an example of the circumstances by which the division of labor improves efficiency? A. A doll-making company stops allowing each employee to make one whole doll each and instead appoints each employee to create one part of the doll. B. A family of rug makers buys a loom to speed up their production. C. A mechanic opens a new shop to be nearer to the market. D. A factory changes the responsibilities of its employees so that one group handles heavy boxes and the other group does precision sewing. E. A baker who used to make a dozen cookies at a time buys a giant mixer and oven that enable him to make 20 dozen cookies at a time. Considering the global system of states, what do you think the allegory of the pins has to offer? A. It suggests that there could be a natural harmony of interests among states because they can divide labor among themselves to the benefit of everyone. B. It suggests that states can never be secure enough to cooperate because every state is equally capable of producing the same things. C. It suggests that a central authority is necessary to help states cooperate, in the same way that a manager oversees operations at a factory. D. The allegory of the pins is a great way to think about how wars come about, because states won’t cooperate with each other like pin-makers do. E. The allegory of the pins shows us that there is no natural harmony of interests between states. Smith sees the development of industry, technology, and the division of labor as A. generally positive but not progressive. The lives of many people may improve, but the world will generally stay the same. B. generally positive and progressive. The world is improving because of these changes, and it will continue to improve. C. generally negative. The creation of new technologies and the division of labor are harmful to all humans, both the wealthy and the poor. D. generally negative. The creation of the division of labor only benefits the wealthy at the expense of the poor. E. both positive and negative. Smith thinks that technology hurts us, while the division of labor helps society progress and develop. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RUwS1uAdUcI What point is Hans Rosling trying to make when he describes the global health pre-test? A. He is trying to show how the average person has no idea of the true state of global health. B. He is trying to illustrate how we tend to carry around outdated notions about the state of global health. C. He is trying to make us see that the less-developed countries are far worse off than we ever thought. D. He is trying to drive home the idea that global health has not improved over time despite foreign aid and improvements in medicine. E. He is trying to warn us about the rapid growth in world population. Rosling shows us that we tend to think about global health in terms of “we and them.” Who are the “we” and who are the “them”? A. “We” refers to academics, students, and scholars; “them” refers to the uneducated. B. “We” refers to the average person; “them” refers to politicians and global leaders. C. “We” refers to the wealthy; “them” refers to the poor. D. “We” refers to the Western world; “them” refers to the Third World. E. “We” refers to students; “them” refers to professors. In the life expectancy and fertility rate demonstration, what do the statistics reveal? A. Over time, developed countries produced small families and long lives, whereas developing countries produced large families and short lives. B. The world today looks much like it did in 1962 despite our attempts to help poorer countries develop. C. All countries in the world, even the poorer ones, are trending toward longer lives and smaller families. D. Developed countries are trending toward smaller families but shorter lives. E. All countries tend to make gains and losses in fertility and lifespan, but in the long run there is no significant change. What point does Rosling make about life expectancy in Vietnam as compared to the United States? To what does he attribute the change? A. He indicates that economic change preceded social change. B. He suggests that markets and free trade resulted in the increase in life expectancy. C. He says that the data indicates that the Vietnam War contributed to the decrease in life expectancy during that time, but that it recovered shortly thereafter. D. He says that social change in Asia preceded economic change, and life expectancy in Vietnam increased despite the war. E. He indicates that Vietnam was equal to the United States in life expectancy before the war. According to Rosling, how are regional statistics about child survival rates and GDP potentially misleading? A. Countries have an incentive to lie about the actual survival rates because they want foreign assistance. B. Statistics for the individual countries in a region are often vastly different. C. Regional statistics give us a strong sense of how we can understand development within one region, but it does not allow us to compare across regions. D. The data available over time and from countries within regions is often poorly collected and incomplete. E. Child survival rates cannot be compared regionally, since each culture has a different sense of how important children are. What is Rosling’s main point about statistical databases? A. The data is available but not readily accessible, so we need to create networks to solve that problem. B. The data that comes from these databases is often flawed and unreliable. C. It doesn’t matter whether we have access to these databases because the data can’t be used in an interesting way. D. Statistics can’t tell us very much, but we should do our best to make use of the information we do have. E. The information that could be true is too hard to sort out from what isn’t true because we don’t know how strong the data really is. http://www.marxists.org/archive/lenin/works/1916/imp-hsc/ch10.htm#v22zz99h-298-GUESS Click the link at left to read Chapter 10 of Imperialism, The Highest Stage of Capitalism, then answer the questions below. According to Lenin, what is the fundamental source of a monopoly? A. It is a natural effect of human behavior. B. It is the result of governments and police systems. C. Its source is rooted in democracy. D. It comes from the concentration of production at a high stage. E. It is what follows a socialist system. What are the principal types or manifestations of monopoly capitalism? A. Monopolistic capitalist associations like cartels, syndicates and trusts; and monopolies as a result of colonial policy. B. Monopolization of raw materials and monopolization of finance capital. C. Monopolization of governing structures and monopolies of oligarchies. D. Monopolist capitalist associations like cartels, syndicates and trusts; and monopolies as a result of colonial policy AND monopolization of raw materials and monopolization of finance capital. E. Monopolization of raw materials and monopolization of finance capital AND monopolization of governing structures and monopolies of oligarchies. What is the definition of a rentier state according to Lenin? A. A state that colonizes other states. B. A state whose bourgeoisie live off the export of capital. C. A poor state. D. A wealthy state. E. A colonized state. Overall Lenin’s analysis of the state of capitalism is concerned with: A. The interactions between states. B. The interactions within states. C. The ownership of industry and organizations. D. The interactions within states AND the ownership of industry and organizations. E. All of these options. http://view.vzaar.com/1194665/flashplayer Watch the video at left, and then answer the questions below. The Marshall Plan was developed by the United States after World War II. What was its purpose? A. to feed the hungry of Europe B. to stem the spread of communism C. to maintain an American military presence in Europe D. to feed the hungry of Europe AND to stem the spread of communism E. to stem the spread of communism AND to maintain an American military presence in Europe What kind of aid was sent at first? A. foods, fertilizers, and machines for agriculture B. books, paper, and radios for education C. clothing, medical supplies, and construction equipment D. mostly cash in the form of loans and grants E. people with business expertise to help develop the economy What kind of aid did the United States send to Greece to help its farmers? A. tractors B. mules C. seeds D. fertilizer E. all of these options What was one way that the United States influenced public opinion in Italy during the elections described in the video? A. The United States provided significant food aid to Italy so that the Italians would be inclined to vote against the Communists. B. The Italians had been impressed by the strength and loyalty of the American soldiers, and were inclined to listen to them during the elections. C. There was a large number of young Italians who followed American fashion and culture. D. Italian immigrants in the United States wrote letters to their families in Italy urging them not to vote for Communists. E. The Greeks showed the Italians how much the Americans had helped them, warning that supporting a Communist candidate would mean sacrificing American aid. How did Pope Pius XII undermine the strength of the Communist Party in Italy? A. He encouraged Italians to go out and vote. B. He warned that the Communist Party would legalize abortion. C. He excommunicated many members of the Communist Party. D. He made a speech in support of capitalism. E. He declared that Communists should not be baptized. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KVhWqwnZ1eM Use the video at left to answer the questions below. Hans Rosling shares how his students discuss “we” versus “them.” To whom are his students referring? A. the United States and Mexico B. Christians and Muslims C. Democrats and Republicans D. Europe and Asia E. none of these options According to Rosling, what factors contribute to a better quality of life for people in developing countries? A. family planning B. soap and water C. investment D. vaccinations E. all of these options Using his data, Rosling demonstrates a great shift in Mexico. What change does his data demonstrate? A. a decrease in drug usage B. a decrease in the number of jobs available C. an increase in average life expenctancy D. an increase in the rate of violent crime E. all of these options Instead of “developing” and “developed,” Rosling divides countries into four categories. Which of the following is NOT one of them? A. high-income countries B. middle-income countries C. low-income countries D. no-income countries E. collapsing countries Rosling discusses the increased life expectancy in both China and the United States. How are the situations different? A. The U.S. and China are on different continents. B. The life expectancy in China rose much higher than it did in the U.S. C. China first expanded its life expectancy and then grew economically, whereas the U.S. did the reverse. D. Average income and life expectancy steadily increased in the U.S., but they steadily decreased in China. E. all of these options Rosling shows a chart that demonstrates the regional income distribution of the world from 1970 to 2015. During that time, what has happened in South and East Asia? A. Money has flowed out of Asia to developing countries in Africa. B. The average income of citizens of South and East Asia has increased over the last 30 years. C. The average income of citizens of South and East Asia has decreased over the last 30 years. D. The average income of citizens of South and East Asia has surpassed that of Europe and North America. E. There has been no change. Click here to access GapMinder, the data visualizer that Hans Rosling uses. In 2010, which of the following countries had both a higher per-capita GDP and a higher life expectancy than the United States? A. France B. Japan C. Denmark D. Singapore E. Kuwait http://www.garretthardinsociety.org/articles/art_tragedy_of_the_commons.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8a4S23uXIcM The Tragedy of the Commons What is the rough definition of the “commons” given in the article? A. any private property on which others trespass B. behavior that everyone considers to be normal C. a cow that lives in a herd D. government-administered benefits, like unemployment or Social Security E. a shared resource What does Hardin mean by describing pollution as a reverse tragedy of the commons? A. Rather than causing a problem, it resolves a problem. B. Pollution costs us money rather than making us money. C. We are putting something into the commons rather than removing something from it. D. It starts at the other end of the biological pyramid. E. Humans see less of it as time goes on. Hardin says “the air and waters surrounding us cannot readily be fenced, and so the tragedy of the commons as a cesspool must be prevented by different means.” What are those means? A. establishing more international treaties to protect the environment B. using laws or taxes to make the polluter pay for pollution C. punishing consumers for generating waste D. raising awareness about environmental issues E. developing greener products Pacific Garbage Dump According to the news report, what percent of the Gyre is made of plastic? A. 50 percent B. 60 percent C. 70 percent D. 80 percent E. 90 percent Where does the majority of the plastic in the Gyre come from? A. barges that dump trash in the ocean B. storm drains from land C. people throwing litter off boats into the ocean D. remnants from movie sets filmed at sea E. fishing boats processing their catch What does Charles Moore mean by the “throwaway concept”? A. the habitual use of disposable plastic packaging B. the mistaken view that marine ecosystems are infinitely renewable C. a general lack of interest in recycling D. the willingness to discard effective but small-scale environmental policies in deference to broader E. people throwing away their lives in pursuit of money In what way does the Great Pacific Gyre represent issues like global warming a tragedy of the commons? A. because all the plastic trash in it comes from the United States B. because it kills the albatross and makes it impossible for them to reproduce C. surbecause the countries rounding the Pacific Ocean are polluting the water in a way that affects the quality of the resource for all, but no one is specifically accountable for it D. because it causes marine life to compete for increasingly scarce nutrients in the ocean E. because nations in the region all collectively agreed to dump their trash in the Pacific http://www.npr.org/news/specials/climate/video/ http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/climateconnections/climate-map http://www.npr.org/news/specials/climate/video/wildchronicles.html Use the links provided at left to answer the questions below. Global Warming: It’s All About Carbon How does carbon give us fuel? A. When you burn things that contain carbon the bonds break, giving off energy. B. Burning things creates carbon out of other elements as a result of combustion. C. Carbon is created after oxygen and hydrogen get released. D. Carbon bonds are created thereby giving off energy. E. Carbon is made into fuel by refining oil. National Geographic Climate Map What geographic areas have seen the most significant changes in temperature? A. The African continent. B. The Pacific Ocean. C. The Atlantic Ocean. D. The Arctic Ocean. E. The Indian Ocean. Why does it matter that rain fall steadily rather than in downpours? A. For those countries accustomed to steady rain fall, downpours are actually more efficient ways to catch water. B. Downpours in regions accustomed to steady fall makes them more prone to flooding and damage. C. In general, as long as regions get either steady fall or downpours most things will stay the same. D. Downpours are always more beneficial to crop growth than steady rain. E. Steady rain is always more beneficial to crop growth than downpours. Climate Change Threatens Kona Coffee What is unique about the climate in Hawaii, making it a good place to grow coffee? A. The elevation is high, the nights are cool and the days are humid. B. The elevation is low, the nights are warm and the days are dry. C. The elevation is high, the nights are warm and the days are dry. D. The elevation is low, the nights are cool and the days are dry. E. The elevation is high, the nights are warm and the days are humid. What specific temperature pattern have experts noted about the region where Kona coffee is grown in Hawaii? A. There has been no significant change but the bean production has dropped. B. The nights have warmed up, even though the days have cooled. C. There has been an increase in bean production with the change in climate. D. The nights have cooled even more so than before. E. There has been universally hot days all the way around.

http://www.econlib.org/library/Smith/smWN1.html#B.I,%20Ch.1,%20Of%20the%20Division%20of%20Labor What does Smith mean by division of labor, and … Read More...
A load of 140,000 N (31,500 lbf) is applied to a cylindrical specimen of a steel alloy (displaying the stress–strain behavior shown in Figure 6.22) that has a cross-sectional diameter of 10 mm (0.40 in.). (a) Will the specimen experience elastic and/or plastic deformation? Why? (b) If the original specimen length is 500 mm (20 in.), how much will it increase in length when this load is applied?

A load of 140,000 N (31,500 lbf) is applied to a cylindrical specimen of a steel alloy (displaying the stress–strain behavior shown in Figure 6.22) that has a cross-sectional diameter of 10 mm (0.40 in.). (a) Will the specimen experience elastic and/or plastic deformation? Why? (b) If the original specimen length is 500 mm (20 in.), how much will it increase in length when this load is applied?

Sex, Gender, and Popular Culture Spring 2015 Look through popular magazines, and see if you can find advertisements that objectify women in order to sell a product. Alternately, you may use an advertisement on television (but make sure to provide a link to the ad so I can see it!). Study these images then write a paper about objectification that deals with all or some of the following: • What effect(s), if any, do you think the objectification of women’s bodies has on our culture? • Jean Kilbourne states “turning a human being into a thing is almost always the first step toward justifying violence against that person.” What do you think she means by this? Do you agree with her reasoning? Why or why not? • Some people would argue that depicting a woman’s body as an object is a form of art. What is your opinion of this point of view? Explain your reasoning. • Why do you think that women are objectified more often than men are? • How does sexualization and objectification play out differently across racial lines? • Kilbourne explains that the consequences of being objectified are different – and more serious – for women than for men. Do you agree? How is the world different for women than it is for men? How do objectified images of women interact with those in our culture differently from the way images of men do? Why is it important to look at images in the context of the culture? • What is the difference between sexual objectification and sexual subjectification? (Ros Gill ) • How do ads construct violent white masculinity and how does that vision of masculinity hurt both men and women? Throughout your written analysis, be sure to make clear and specific reference to the images you selected, and please submit these images with your paper. Make sure you engage with and reference to at least 4 of the following authors: Kilbourne, Bordo, Hunter & Soto, Rose, Durham, Gill, Katz, Schuchardt, Ono and Buescher. Guidelines:  Keep your content focused on structural, systemic, institutional factors rather than the individual: BE ANALYTICAL NOT ANECDOTAL.  Avoid using the first person or including personal stories/reactions. You must make sure to actively engage with your readings: these essays need to be informed and framed by the theoretical material you have been reading this semester.  Keep within the 4-6 page limit; use 12-point font, double spacing and 1-inch margins.  Use formal writing conventions (introduction/thesis statement, body, conclusion) and correct grammar. Resources may be cited within the text of your paper, i.e. (Walters, 2013).

Sex, Gender, and Popular Culture Spring 2015 Look through popular magazines, and see if you can find advertisements that objectify women in order to sell a product. Alternately, you may use an advertisement on television (but make sure to provide a link to the ad so I can see it!). Study these images then write a paper about objectification that deals with all or some of the following: • What effect(s), if any, do you think the objectification of women’s bodies has on our culture? • Jean Kilbourne states “turning a human being into a thing is almost always the first step toward justifying violence against that person.” What do you think she means by this? Do you agree with her reasoning? Why or why not? • Some people would argue that depicting a woman’s body as an object is a form of art. What is your opinion of this point of view? Explain your reasoning. • Why do you think that women are objectified more often than men are? • How does sexualization and objectification play out differently across racial lines? • Kilbourne explains that the consequences of being objectified are different – and more serious – for women than for men. Do you agree? How is the world different for women than it is for men? How do objectified images of women interact with those in our culture differently from the way images of men do? Why is it important to look at images in the context of the culture? • What is the difference between sexual objectification and sexual subjectification? (Ros Gill ) • How do ads construct violent white masculinity and how does that vision of masculinity hurt both men and women? Throughout your written analysis, be sure to make clear and specific reference to the images you selected, and please submit these images with your paper. Make sure you engage with and reference to at least 4 of the following authors: Kilbourne, Bordo, Hunter & Soto, Rose, Durham, Gill, Katz, Schuchardt, Ono and Buescher. Guidelines:  Keep your content focused on structural, systemic, institutional factors rather than the individual: BE ANALYTICAL NOT ANECDOTAL.  Avoid using the first person or including personal stories/reactions. You must make sure to actively engage with your readings: these essays need to be informed and framed by the theoretical material you have been reading this semester.  Keep within the 4-6 page limit; use 12-point font, double spacing and 1-inch margins.  Use formal writing conventions (introduction/thesis statement, body, conclusion) and correct grammar. Resources may be cited within the text of your paper, i.e. (Walters, 2013).

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FSE 100 Extra Credit (20 points) Instructions: Read the description below and work through the design process to build an automated waste sorting system. Turn in the following deliverables in one document, typed: 1. Problem Statement – 1 point 2. Technical System Requirements (at least 3 complete sentences using “shall”) – 3 points 3. Judging Criteria (at least 3, explain why you chose them) – 2 points 4. AHP – 2 points 5. Summaries of your 3 design options (paragraph minimum for each option) – 3 points 6. Design Decision Matrix – 3 points 7. Orthographic Drawing of your final design (3 projections required) – 3 points 8. Activity Diagram of how your sorter functions – 3 points Description: The city of Tempe waste management has notified ASU that due to the exceptional effort the Sundevil students have made in the sustainability area, ASU has been contributing three times the amount of recyclable materials than what was predicted on a monthly basis. Unfortunately, due to the immense amount of materials being delivered, the city of Tempe waste management has asked for assistance from ASU prior to picking up the recyclable waste. They have requested that ASU implement an automated waste sorting system that would pre-filter all the materials so the city of Tempe can collect the materials based on one of three types and process the waste much faster. ASU has hired you to design an automated sorter, but due to the unexpected nature of this request, ASU prefers that this design be as simple and inexpensive to build as possible. The city of Tempe would like to have the waste categorized as either glass, plastic, or metal. Paper will not be considered in this design. Any glass that is sorted in your device needs to stay intact, and not break. Very few people will be able to monitor this device as it sorts, so it must be able to sort the items with no input from a user, as quickly as possible. This design cannot exceed 2m in length, width, or height, but the weight is unlimited. ASU is not giving any guidance as to the materials you can use, so you are free to shop for whatever you’d like, but keep in mind, the final cost of this device must be as inexpensive as possible. Submit through Blackboard or print out your document and turn it in to me no later than the date shown on Blackboard

FSE 100 Extra Credit (20 points) Instructions: Read the description below and work through the design process to build an automated waste sorting system. Turn in the following deliverables in one document, typed: 1. Problem Statement – 1 point 2. Technical System Requirements (at least 3 complete sentences using “shall”) – 3 points 3. Judging Criteria (at least 3, explain why you chose them) – 2 points 4. AHP – 2 points 5. Summaries of your 3 design options (paragraph minimum for each option) – 3 points 6. Design Decision Matrix – 3 points 7. Orthographic Drawing of your final design (3 projections required) – 3 points 8. Activity Diagram of how your sorter functions – 3 points Description: The city of Tempe waste management has notified ASU that due to the exceptional effort the Sundevil students have made in the sustainability area, ASU has been contributing three times the amount of recyclable materials than what was predicted on a monthly basis. Unfortunately, due to the immense amount of materials being delivered, the city of Tempe waste management has asked for assistance from ASU prior to picking up the recyclable waste. They have requested that ASU implement an automated waste sorting system that would pre-filter all the materials so the city of Tempe can collect the materials based on one of three types and process the waste much faster. ASU has hired you to design an automated sorter, but due to the unexpected nature of this request, ASU prefers that this design be as simple and inexpensive to build as possible. The city of Tempe would like to have the waste categorized as either glass, plastic, or metal. Paper will not be considered in this design. Any glass that is sorted in your device needs to stay intact, and not break. Very few people will be able to monitor this device as it sorts, so it must be able to sort the items with no input from a user, as quickly as possible. This design cannot exceed 2m in length, width, or height, but the weight is unlimited. ASU is not giving any guidance as to the materials you can use, so you are free to shop for whatever you’d like, but keep in mind, the final cost of this device must be as inexpensive as possible. Submit through Blackboard or print out your document and turn it in to me no later than the date shown on Blackboard

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Materials are characterized by: a. Macroscopic properties b. Microstructure c. Atomic level composition d. All of the above 2. Atoms are: a. Composed of only electrons b. An abstract concept c. Found in fractional units d. Composed of a nucleus and electrons 3. The Burger’s vector describes: a. Cracks b. Crystal twinning c. The most direct route to McDonald’s d. Geometry of a crystal dislocation 4. Cubic Close Packed (CCP) is another name for which of the following: a. HCP b. BCC c. FCC d. All of the above 5. Un-vulcanized elastomers tend to: a. Fail catastrophically at low strain b. Be composed of metallic grains c. Deform plastically before failure d. Have elastic moduli ~109 Pa 6. Solid state diffusion & vacancy generation: a. Show Arrhenius-type behavior b. Are completely unrelated c. Increase linearly with Temperature d. Describe the motion of lattice points 7. Diffusion & heat transfer: a. Are completely unrelated b. Are directly related phenomena c. Relate a flux to a gradient d. Increase linearly with Temperature 8. Dislocations: a. Are interstitial dopants b. Are crystal defects c. Require atomic impurities d. Enhance plastic deformation 9. A typical atomic radii is roughly: a. 1 centimeter b. 1 nanometer c. 1 picometer d. 1 angstrom 10. Cubic crystal lattices have: a. Equal edge lengths b. 90° angles between edges c. Both a. & b. d. Atoms at each corner 11. Body centered cubic metals have: a. Close packed directions b. Close packed planes c. Both a. & b. d. Neither a. or b. 12. Face centered cubic metals have: a. Close packed directions b. Close packed planes c. Both a. & b. d. Neither a. or b. 13. A crystal lattice is an: a. Idealized representation of crystal sites in a real crystal b. Exact crystal representation c. Both a. & b. d. Neither a. or b. 14. Defects in a real crystal: a. Are at lattice sites b. Are within interstices c. Improve properties d. Decrease properties e. Require extensive characterization as they may involve a., b., c., & d. 15. Dislocations in metal grains: a. Prevent dislocation motion b. Can be removed through recrystallization c. Improve properties d. Decrease properties e. Require extensive characterization as they may involve a., b., c., & d. 16. The KIC parameter is used to describe: a. The number of possible pizza topping combinations at a given restaurant b. Dislocation density c. Weakening of a material due to cracks/stress concentrations d. The degree of Cold Working

Materials are characterized by: a. Macroscopic properties b. Microstructure c. Atomic level composition d. All of the above 2. Atoms are: a. Composed of only electrons b. An abstract concept c. Found in fractional units d. Composed of a nucleus and electrons 3. The Burger’s vector describes: a. Cracks b. Crystal twinning c. The most direct route to McDonald’s d. Geometry of a crystal dislocation 4. Cubic Close Packed (CCP) is another name for which of the following: a. HCP b. BCC c. FCC d. All of the above 5. Un-vulcanized elastomers tend to: a. Fail catastrophically at low strain b. Be composed of metallic grains c. Deform plastically before failure d. Have elastic moduli ~109 Pa 6. Solid state diffusion & vacancy generation: a. Show Arrhenius-type behavior b. Are completely unrelated c. Increase linearly with Temperature d. Describe the motion of lattice points 7. Diffusion & heat transfer: a. Are completely unrelated b. Are directly related phenomena c. Relate a flux to a gradient d. Increase linearly with Temperature 8. Dislocations: a. Are interstitial dopants b. Are crystal defects c. Require atomic impurities d. Enhance plastic deformation 9. A typical atomic radii is roughly: a. 1 centimeter b. 1 nanometer c. 1 picometer d. 1 angstrom 10. Cubic crystal lattices have: a. Equal edge lengths b. 90° angles between edges c. Both a. & b. d. Atoms at each corner 11. Body centered cubic metals have: a. Close packed directions b. Close packed planes c. Both a. & b. d. Neither a. or b. 12. Face centered cubic metals have: a. Close packed directions b. Close packed planes c. Both a. & b. d. Neither a. or b. 13. A crystal lattice is an: a. Idealized representation of crystal sites in a real crystal b. Exact crystal representation c. Both a. & b. d. Neither a. or b. 14. Defects in a real crystal: a. Are at lattice sites b. Are within interstices c. Improve properties d. Decrease properties e. Require extensive characterization as they may involve a., b., c., & d. 15. Dislocations in metal grains: a. Prevent dislocation motion b. Can be removed through recrystallization c. Improve properties d. Decrease properties e. Require extensive characterization as they may involve a., b., c., & d. 16. The KIC parameter is used to describe: a. The number of possible pizza topping combinations at a given restaurant b. Dislocation density c. Weakening of a material due to cracks/stress concentrations d. The degree of Cold Working

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In the movie Bubble Boy, Jimmy lives inside a plastic bubble where he is protected from all outside agents. Which type of disease would require a child to live inside a plastic bubble? Select one: an autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus multiple sclerosis AIDS a total immune deficiency

In the movie Bubble Boy, Jimmy lives inside a plastic bubble where he is protected from all outside agents. Which type of disease would require a child to live inside a plastic bubble? Select one: an autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus multiple sclerosis AIDS a total immune deficiency

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1) a) Explain why metals are ductile and ceramics are brittle, in terms of their dislocation motion. b) Draw 2 pictures to sequentially show an edge dislocation gliding through a crystal, using dots to represent the atoms. c) Draw 2 pictures to show how a dislocation can climb by capturing a vacancy. d) What factors limit dislocation mobility? e) What positive and negative effects does limiting dislocation mobility have on mechanical properties?

1) a) Explain why metals are ductile and ceramics are brittle, in terms of their dislocation motion. b) Draw 2 pictures to sequentially show an edge dislocation gliding through a crystal, using dots to represent the atoms. c) Draw 2 pictures to show how a dislocation can climb by capturing a vacancy. d) What factors limit dislocation mobility? e) What positive and negative effects does limiting dislocation mobility have on mechanical properties?

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Question 2 A 4.0 mm diameter plastic rod, 2.2 m long, has of charge 1.4μC uniformly spread over its surface. The electric field very near the surface at the middle of the rod is: A. 2.3 × 10 N/C B. 8.1 × 10 N/C C. 1.4 × 10 N/C D. 2.9 × 10 V/m +

Question 2 A 4.0 mm diameter plastic rod, 2.2 m long, has of charge 1.4μC uniformly spread over its surface. The electric field very near the surface at the middle of the rod is: A. 2.3 × 10 N/C B. 8.1 × 10 N/C C. 1.4 × 10 N/C D. 2.9 × 10 V/m +

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MSE201 Midterm Exam 10/17/2014 Each element 2 points. Put ALL calculations and answers in your Blue Book! 1. Materials are characterized by: a. Macroscopic properties b. Microstructure c. Atomic level composition d. All of the above 2. Atoms are: a. Discrete units of matter b. An abstract concept c. Found in fractional units d. Crystallographic lattice points 3. The Burger’s vector describes: a. Surface cracks b. Crystal twinning c. Dislocation geometry d. The most direct route to McDonald’s 4. Cubic Close Packed (CCP) is another name for which of the following: a. HCP b. BCC c. FCC d. All of the above 5. Glass and ceramic materials tend to: a. Fail catastrophically at low strain b. Show ductility c. Deform plastically before failure d. Have elastic moduli ~106 Pa 6. Solid state diffusion & vacancy generation: a. Are completely unrelated b. Are directly related c. Increase linearly with Temperature d. Describe lattice point motion 7. Diffusion & heat transfer: a. Are completely unrelated b. Are directly related c. Increase linearly with Temperature d. Have identical differential equations 8. A vacancy and a dislocation both: a. Disrupt the crystal lattice b. Represent partial occupancy c. Contain ruptured bonds d. Are low energy regions 9. Dislocations: a. Are interstitial dopants b. Are crystal defects c. Require atomic impurities d. Enhance plastic deformation 10. Ionic, covalent and metallic bonding are primary bonding types. a. Primary bonds require exchange or sharing of what between atoms? b. How does electronegativity drive the reaction of sodium metal and chlorine gas to form sodium chloride? c. Carbon-carbon bonds are what type? d. The directional nature of covalent bonds is related to what structural feature of atoms? 11. The (111) plane of the FCC structure is close-packed. a. Sketch this plane within a unit cell. b. How many atoms are on the plane you drew inside the unit cell? c. Estimate the area of the plane d. Calculate the area atomic density e. If there is one vacancy per 1012 lattice points at 273K, what is the partial atomic occupancy of each lattice point? f. If you are asked calculate the number of vacancies present at 600K, what additional information do you need? 12. Dislocation motion occurs largely along close-packed directions and planes. First, compare the FCC & BCC structures: a. Describe any close packed planes b. Describe any close packed directions c. If the ductile-to-brittle transition at low temperatures is related to the number of close-packed directions and planes, do you expect BCC or FCC metals to have greater ductility? d. Magnesium and other HCP metals are brittle. Does your analysis from 12.c. support this observation? 13. A tensile test is performed on a ductile sample. The first 1% of strain is elastic with a modulus of 100E9 Pa, at which point plastic deformation begins. The tensile strength of 1.1E9 Pa is determined at 9% strain, while failure occurs at a stress of 9E8 Pa and strain of 18%. a. Sketch the complete stress-strain cycle b. Estimate the toughness in units of J/m3.

MSE201 Midterm Exam 10/17/2014 Each element 2 points. Put ALL calculations and answers in your Blue Book! 1. Materials are characterized by: a. Macroscopic properties b. Microstructure c. Atomic level composition d. All of the above 2. Atoms are: a. Discrete units of matter b. An abstract concept c. Found in fractional units d. Crystallographic lattice points 3. The Burger’s vector describes: a. Surface cracks b. Crystal twinning c. Dislocation geometry d. The most direct route to McDonald’s 4. Cubic Close Packed (CCP) is another name for which of the following: a. HCP b. BCC c. FCC d. All of the above 5. Glass and ceramic materials tend to: a. Fail catastrophically at low strain b. Show ductility c. Deform plastically before failure d. Have elastic moduli ~106 Pa 6. Solid state diffusion & vacancy generation: a. Are completely unrelated b. Are directly related c. Increase linearly with Temperature d. Describe lattice point motion 7. Diffusion & heat transfer: a. Are completely unrelated b. Are directly related c. Increase linearly with Temperature d. Have identical differential equations 8. A vacancy and a dislocation both: a. Disrupt the crystal lattice b. Represent partial occupancy c. Contain ruptured bonds d. Are low energy regions 9. Dislocations: a. Are interstitial dopants b. Are crystal defects c. Require atomic impurities d. Enhance plastic deformation 10. Ionic, covalent and metallic bonding are primary bonding types. a. Primary bonds require exchange or sharing of what between atoms? b. How does electronegativity drive the reaction of sodium metal and chlorine gas to form sodium chloride? c. Carbon-carbon bonds are what type? d. The directional nature of covalent bonds is related to what structural feature of atoms? 11. The (111) plane of the FCC structure is close-packed. a. Sketch this plane within a unit cell. b. How many atoms are on the plane you drew inside the unit cell? c. Estimate the area of the plane d. Calculate the area atomic density e. If there is one vacancy per 1012 lattice points at 273K, what is the partial atomic occupancy of each lattice point? f. If you are asked calculate the number of vacancies present at 600K, what additional information do you need? 12. Dislocation motion occurs largely along close-packed directions and planes. First, compare the FCC & BCC structures: a. Describe any close packed planes b. Describe any close packed directions c. If the ductile-to-brittle transition at low temperatures is related to the number of close-packed directions and planes, do you expect BCC or FCC metals to have greater ductility? d. Magnesium and other HCP metals are brittle. Does your analysis from 12.c. support this observation? 13. A tensile test is performed on a ductile sample. The first 1% of strain is elastic with a modulus of 100E9 Pa, at which point plastic deformation begins. The tensile strength of 1.1E9 Pa is determined at 9% strain, while failure occurs at a stress of 9E8 Pa and strain of 18%. a. Sketch the complete stress-strain cycle b. Estimate the toughness in units of J/m3.

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