Develop a 4 page-500 word précis on Chapter 7 “How to Monitor & Control a TPM Project” of the Wysocki 7th Ed. text.”

Develop a 4 page-500 word précis on Chapter 7 “How to Monitor & Control a TPM Project” of the Wysocki 7th Ed. text.”

Summary of ‘How to Monitor and Control a TPM Project’ … Read More...
Homework #8  Consider the veracity or falsehood of each of the following statements. For bonus, argue for those that you believe are true while providing a counterexample for those that you believe are false.  If the first and third rows of A are equal, then det A 0.  If P is a projection, then uCP if and only if Pu  u.  If P is a projection, and detP  0, then P  I .  If A has determinant 10, then 1 A has determinant 1 10 .  If B is invertible, 1 1 det(A B ) det A (detB) .  If P is a projection, and R  2P I , then 2 R  I .  If P is a projection, and P  I , then detP  0 .  Short Computations. All of the following do not involve long computations:  Suppose 1 2 1 5 1 8 A                  and 1 9 2 4 3 1 A                   . Compute 7 13 19 A         .  Compute               0 8 7 1 0 2 3 4 5 3 0 9 2 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 9 3 2 0 det .  Use Cramer’s Rule to find 5 x (hint: you do not need your calculator). 1 2 3 4 5 5x 2x 8x x 3x 13 1 3 3x 5x 0 1 3 5 3x 3x 3x 9 1 2 3 5 3x 2x x 2x 7 1 3 x 4x 0 Let A 1 2 3 4 1 3 4 6 2 5 13 15 4 10 15 31 . Given is that det A  61. Do the following:  1 1 2 4 2 3 5 10 3 4 13 15 4 6 15 31 det  det2A  1 3 4 6 2 4 6 8 2 5 13 15 4 10 15 31 det  1 3 4 6 2 5 13 15 4 10 15 31 1 2 3 4 det  Consider the matrix A  0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 1           . Use row (or column) expansion to compute det(xI A) .  The matrix 4 1 1 2 1 1 1 4 1 1 2 1 1 1 4 1 1 2 2 1 1 4 1 1 1 2 1 1 4 1 1 1 2 1 1 4 1 6 P is the projection matrix for the column space of matrix A. This matrix A is also known to be of full rank. Answer the following, giving reasons for your answers.  Find a transparent basis and the dimension for the column space of P.  Find a basis and the dimension for the column space of A .  What size is the matrix A ?  Find a transparent basis and the dimension for the null space of P.  Find a transparent basis and the dimension for the row space of P.  Find a basis and the dimension for the null space of A.  For which of the following b can you find a solution to the system Ax b ? This does not mean you should find a solution, only whether one could or not. 10 17 19 14 10 17 19 14 13 10 17 19 14 13 23 1 1 1 1 1 1 .  It is known that certain vector u is a solution to the system Ax c . Give all solutions to Ax c .  It is also known that 1 2 3 4 5 6 Ax does not have a solution. How would you change the constant vector so that there would be a solution? Extra Problems.  Fill in the blank with the best possible expression to complete the sentence truthfully. Only that one will be counted correct. 1. matrix with two equal columns will have zero determinant. 1 2 3 Some Every No 2. If A is invertible, then A commute with its inverse. 1 2 3 must always can will not 3. If A is 6  9 , then the columns of A be linearly independent. While in AT , the columns be linearly independent. 1 2 3 can have to cannot 4. Let A be square, and suppose Ax  0 has a nontrivial solution. Then detA equal 0. 1 2 3 may cannot must 5. Let A and B be 3 3. Then det (AB) equal det(A)det(B) . 1 2 3 could must couldn’t 6. Let A be square and suppose detA  0. Then have an inverse 1 2 3 will not may must always 7. Let A and B be 2  2 . Then det (A B) equal det(A)  det(B) . 1 2 3 could must could not 8. exist a 6  6 matrix all of whose entries are whole numbers and its determinant is 2 5 . 1 2 3 There does There does not There might Bonus: Consider the matrix 0 0 1 0 2 0 n 0 . Give its determinant as a function of n.

Homework #8  Consider the veracity or falsehood of each of the following statements. For bonus, argue for those that you believe are true while providing a counterexample for those that you believe are false.  If the first and third rows of A are equal, then det A 0.  If P is a projection, then uCP if and only if Pu  u.  If P is a projection, and detP  0, then P  I .  If A has determinant 10, then 1 A has determinant 1 10 .  If B is invertible, 1 1 det(A B ) det A (detB) .  If P is a projection, and R  2P I , then 2 R  I .  If P is a projection, and P  I , then detP  0 .  Short Computations. All of the following do not involve long computations:  Suppose 1 2 1 5 1 8 A                  and 1 9 2 4 3 1 A                   . Compute 7 13 19 A         .  Compute               0 8 7 1 0 2 3 4 5 3 0 9 2 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 9 3 2 0 det .  Use Cramer’s Rule to find 5 x (hint: you do not need your calculator). 1 2 3 4 5 5x 2x 8x x 3x 13 1 3 3x 5x 0 1 3 5 3x 3x 3x 9 1 2 3 5 3x 2x x 2x 7 1 3 x 4x 0 Let A 1 2 3 4 1 3 4 6 2 5 13 15 4 10 15 31 . Given is that det A  61. Do the following:  1 1 2 4 2 3 5 10 3 4 13 15 4 6 15 31 det  det2A  1 3 4 6 2 4 6 8 2 5 13 15 4 10 15 31 det  1 3 4 6 2 5 13 15 4 10 15 31 1 2 3 4 det  Consider the matrix A  0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 1           . Use row (or column) expansion to compute det(xI A) .  The matrix 4 1 1 2 1 1 1 4 1 1 2 1 1 1 4 1 1 2 2 1 1 4 1 1 1 2 1 1 4 1 1 1 2 1 1 4 1 6 P is the projection matrix for the column space of matrix A. This matrix A is also known to be of full rank. Answer the following, giving reasons for your answers.  Find a transparent basis and the dimension for the column space of P.  Find a basis and the dimension for the column space of A .  What size is the matrix A ?  Find a transparent basis and the dimension for the null space of P.  Find a transparent basis and the dimension for the row space of P.  Find a basis and the dimension for the null space of A.  For which of the following b can you find a solution to the system Ax b ? This does not mean you should find a solution, only whether one could or not. 10 17 19 14 10 17 19 14 13 10 17 19 14 13 23 1 1 1 1 1 1 .  It is known that certain vector u is a solution to the system Ax c . Give all solutions to Ax c .  It is also known that 1 2 3 4 5 6 Ax does not have a solution. How would you change the constant vector so that there would be a solution? Extra Problems.  Fill in the blank with the best possible expression to complete the sentence truthfully. Only that one will be counted correct. 1. matrix with two equal columns will have zero determinant. 1 2 3 Some Every No 2. If A is invertible, then A commute with its inverse. 1 2 3 must always can will not 3. If A is 6  9 , then the columns of A be linearly independent. While in AT , the columns be linearly independent. 1 2 3 can have to cannot 4. Let A be square, and suppose Ax  0 has a nontrivial solution. Then detA equal 0. 1 2 3 may cannot must 5. Let A and B be 3 3. Then det (AB) equal det(A)det(B) . 1 2 3 could must couldn’t 6. Let A be square and suppose detA  0. Then have an inverse 1 2 3 will not may must always 7. Let A and B be 2  2 . Then det (A B) equal det(A)  det(B) . 1 2 3 could must could not 8. exist a 6  6 matrix all of whose entries are whole numbers and its determinant is 2 5 . 1 2 3 There does There does not There might Bonus: Consider the matrix 0 0 1 0 2 0 n 0 . Give its determinant as a function of n.

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Part I. (20%) Multiple Choice Questions (only one answer) 1. What is the SS7 A-link? a. Signaling Link between SSP and STP b. Signaling Link between STP and STP c. Signaling Link between SCP and SCP d. Signaling Link between SSP and SSP 2. How is a TDM trunk identified on the SS7 network? It is identified by _____. a. IP Address b. ISDN B channel c. UDP port number d. Circuit Identificaiton Code (CIC) 3. What is the layer-3 protocol for ISUP? a. IP b. Q.931 c. MTP3 d. TCAP 4. Which of the following signaling is required to support Local Number Portability (LNP)? a. SIP b. Q.931 c. SS7 d. MGCP 5. Which of the following signlaing is NOT supported on the local telephone switch? a. ISDN/Q.931 b. SIP c. SS7 d. Station Signaling 6. Which of the following protocol is used by Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN) for remote database query? One of the AIN features is 1-800/1-900 calls. a. TCAP b. ISUP c. MGCP d. SIP 7. Which of the following is an NNI signaling? a. ISDN/Q.931 b. SIP c. MGCP d. SS7 8. Which of the following message is used by Access Media Gateway (MG) to inform Media Gateway Controller (MGC) that a phone is off-hook? a. NTFY b. RQNT c. CRCX d. MDCX 9. Which of the following device supports codec (such as G.711)? a. Media Gateway Contoller b. Media Gateway (Access Gateway) c. Analog Phone d. Signaling Transfer Point (STP) 10. In MGCP, a connection is _______________ ? a. The same as a TCP connection b. The same as a phone call. c. An end-point and its associated RTP session. d. A TDM channel identified by CIC Part II Questions (10%). 1. Provide two reasons for separating Media Gateway Controller (MGC) and Media Gateway. Media gateways are often controlled by a separate Media Gateway Controller which provides the call control and signaling functionality. 2. Identify the signaling between the network devices. (enter N/A if not applicable) 1 Media Gateway Controller Media Gateway Controller 2 Media Gateway Controller Media Gateway 3 Media Gateway Controller Class-5 (local) Switch 4 Media Gateway Controller SIP Proxy 5 Media Gateway Media Gateway Part III (20%) Call Flow Diagram and protocol stacks Media Gateway Controller (MGC) also has the function of SS7 Signaling Gateway. 1. Show the call flow diagram from Phone-22 (SIP) to Phone-33 (SIP). 2. Show the call flow diagram from Phone-41 (analog) to Phone-42(analog) over the VoIP Carrier Network. Note: each signaling message is an arrow with its own label. Do not use one arrow and one label to represent multiple messages.

Part I. (20%) Multiple Choice Questions (only one answer) 1. What is the SS7 A-link? a. Signaling Link between SSP and STP b. Signaling Link between STP and STP c. Signaling Link between SCP and SCP d. Signaling Link between SSP and SSP 2. How is a TDM trunk identified on the SS7 network? It is identified by _____. a. IP Address b. ISDN B channel c. UDP port number d. Circuit Identificaiton Code (CIC) 3. What is the layer-3 protocol for ISUP? a. IP b. Q.931 c. MTP3 d. TCAP 4. Which of the following signaling is required to support Local Number Portability (LNP)? a. SIP b. Q.931 c. SS7 d. MGCP 5. Which of the following signlaing is NOT supported on the local telephone switch? a. ISDN/Q.931 b. SIP c. SS7 d. Station Signaling 6. Which of the following protocol is used by Advanced Intelligent Network (AIN) for remote database query? One of the AIN features is 1-800/1-900 calls. a. TCAP b. ISUP c. MGCP d. SIP 7. Which of the following is an NNI signaling? a. ISDN/Q.931 b. SIP c. MGCP d. SS7 8. Which of the following message is used by Access Media Gateway (MG) to inform Media Gateway Controller (MGC) that a phone is off-hook? a. NTFY b. RQNT c. CRCX d. MDCX 9. Which of the following device supports codec (such as G.711)? a. Media Gateway Contoller b. Media Gateway (Access Gateway) c. Analog Phone d. Signaling Transfer Point (STP) 10. In MGCP, a connection is _______________ ? a. The same as a TCP connection b. The same as a phone call. c. An end-point and its associated RTP session. d. A TDM channel identified by CIC Part II Questions (10%). 1. Provide two reasons for separating Media Gateway Controller (MGC) and Media Gateway. Media gateways are often controlled by a separate Media Gateway Controller which provides the call control and signaling functionality. 2. Identify the signaling between the network devices. (enter N/A if not applicable) 1 Media Gateway Controller Media Gateway Controller 2 Media Gateway Controller Media Gateway 3 Media Gateway Controller Class-5 (local) Switch 4 Media Gateway Controller SIP Proxy 5 Media Gateway Media Gateway Part III (20%) Call Flow Diagram and protocol stacks Media Gateway Controller (MGC) also has the function of SS7 Signaling Gateway. 1. Show the call flow diagram from Phone-22 (SIP) to Phone-33 (SIP). 2. Show the call flow diagram from Phone-41 (analog) to Phone-42(analog) over the VoIP Carrier Network. Note: each signaling message is an arrow with its own label. Do not use one arrow and one label to represent multiple messages.

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10. Thinking back upon this course’s content, please discuss the authors’ assertion: “The logistics manager of the future will be much more of a change leader and much less of a technician.”

10. Thinking back upon this course’s content, please discuss the authors’ assertion: “The logistics manager of the future will be much more of a change leader and much less of a technician.”

The logistical management dare is to climb above a conventional … Read More...
Explain ethical egoism. Identify and explain at least one serious problem with the theory. Then answer this question: Do you think that ethical egoism is true? Why or why not? Use at least one example to support your line of reasoning. Papers will be graded on a scale of 0-100 using the following grading rubric: 1. mechanics: The paper is written with correct grammar, punctuation, spelling and other mechanical points. (10 points) 2. style: The sentences are clear and concise, using university-level language. (10 points) 3. coherence: The ordering of the paragraphs and the ordering of the sentences within the paragraphs make the ideas presented easy to understand. (10 points) 4. logic: The paper sticks to answering the assigned question and does not drift into irrelevant or marginally relevant issues. (20 points) 5. knowledge: The paper contains a clear, careful and thorough explanation of the moral theory. (25 points) 6. ideas: The paper includes a clearly stated conclusion and a coherent explanation of the reasons to support that conclusion. (This portion of your paper is addressing the last three questions in either assigned topic.) (25 points)

Explain ethical egoism. Identify and explain at least one serious problem with the theory. Then answer this question: Do you think that ethical egoism is true? Why or why not? Use at least one example to support your line of reasoning. Papers will be graded on a scale of 0-100 using the following grading rubric: 1. mechanics: The paper is written with correct grammar, punctuation, spelling and other mechanical points. (10 points) 2. style: The sentences are clear and concise, using university-level language. (10 points) 3. coherence: The ordering of the paragraphs and the ordering of the sentences within the paragraphs make the ideas presented easy to understand. (10 points) 4. logic: The paper sticks to answering the assigned question and does not drift into irrelevant or marginally relevant issues. (20 points) 5. knowledge: The paper contains a clear, careful and thorough explanation of the moral theory. (25 points) 6. ideas: The paper includes a clearly stated conclusion and a coherent explanation of the reasons to support that conclusion. (This portion of your paper is addressing the last three questions in either assigned topic.) (25 points)

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Prompt for Essay 2: Argumentative on Drama Write a strongly persuasive essay on one of the following: 1. In Trifles, once the women have pieced together the clues and solved the mystery of Mr. Wright’s death, they quickly come to an agreement to suppress the information from the men who are investigating the murder. Construct an argument in which you identify whether the women were right to withhold their discovery from the investigators or not. 2. In August Wilson’s Fences, are Troy’s problems self-created or is he a victim of his past? Make a convincing argument on this issue. 3. Oedipus downfall in Oedipus the King: fate, freewill or influence of others Take Note as you write all the essays: If you craft your thesis well, it will contain a set of key words, phrases, and ideas which should then show up in key places/transitions throughout your paper. This stylistic and structural practice builds coherence and clarity in your essay. Sub-claims (Reasons) & Evidence (Textual Evidence): Your thesis/main claim statement must be supported by clearly organized evidence drawn primarily from the text of the story itself. Your argument, then, will be arranged with a main claim/thesis, sub-claims (reasons), and textual evidence. Take care to note that your textual evidence (quoted, paraphrased or summarized bits from the story) is not self-evident; it requires explanatory comment preceding it—to direct readers to what specifically in the evidence illustrates your sub-claim and main claim—and often following it for full elaboration and/or recapitulation. • Review the section in A Writer’s Reference on the MLA and Plagiarism • Use Writing Resources in the Course documents tab. MLA Style: Please follow MLA guidelines in formatting, mechanics and stylistics. Papers that do not follow MLA style will not be graded. I advise you look at the sample MLA papers in your textbooks You do not need any secondary source citations or research to support your analysis, but you must cite the source for the story being analyzed and A Writer’s Reference.

Prompt for Essay 2: Argumentative on Drama Write a strongly persuasive essay on one of the following: 1. In Trifles, once the women have pieced together the clues and solved the mystery of Mr. Wright’s death, they quickly come to an agreement to suppress the information from the men who are investigating the murder. Construct an argument in which you identify whether the women were right to withhold their discovery from the investigators or not. 2. In August Wilson’s Fences, are Troy’s problems self-created or is he a victim of his past? Make a convincing argument on this issue. 3. Oedipus downfall in Oedipus the King: fate, freewill or influence of others Take Note as you write all the essays: If you craft your thesis well, it will contain a set of key words, phrases, and ideas which should then show up in key places/transitions throughout your paper. This stylistic and structural practice builds coherence and clarity in your essay. Sub-claims (Reasons) & Evidence (Textual Evidence): Your thesis/main claim statement must be supported by clearly organized evidence drawn primarily from the text of the story itself. Your argument, then, will be arranged with a main claim/thesis, sub-claims (reasons), and textual evidence. Take care to note that your textual evidence (quoted, paraphrased or summarized bits from the story) is not self-evident; it requires explanatory comment preceding it—to direct readers to what specifically in the evidence illustrates your sub-claim and main claim—and often following it for full elaboration and/or recapitulation. • Review the section in A Writer’s Reference on the MLA and Plagiarism • Use Writing Resources in the Course documents tab. MLA Style: Please follow MLA guidelines in formatting, mechanics and stylistics. Papers that do not follow MLA style will not be graded. I advise you look at the sample MLA papers in your textbooks You do not need any secondary source citations or research to support your analysis, but you must cite the source for the story being analyzed and A Writer’s Reference.

Q51. Place the following Assets in groups giving justification for your choice – Website – Digital Certificates – SOP – KYC guidelines – Portable storage devices

Q51. Place the following Assets in groups giving justification for your choice – Website – Digital Certificates – SOP – KYC guidelines – Portable storage devices

Q51. Place the following Assets in groups giving justification for … Read More...
CAUSAL ANALYSIS GUIDELINES: According to John J. Ruskiewicz and Jay T. Dolmage, “We all analyze and explain things daily. Someone asks, ‘Why?’ We reply, ‘Because . . .’ and then offer reasons and rationales” (138). This type of thinking is at the core of the causal analysis. You will write a causal analysis which explores, through carefully examined research and logical analysis, certain causes or factors which contribute to an issue or problematic situation, based on the topic you choose to write on. Your causal analysis should explore more than one type of cause, such as necessary causes, sufficient causes, precipitating causes, proximate causes, remote causes, reciprocal causes, contributing factors, and chains of causes, as outlined in our course text in the chapter devoted to Causal Analyses. Your project should also reflect significant critical thinking skills. In addition to the actual causal analysis essay, you will be also create an annotated bibliography. These process elements will help you organize and focus your ideas and research in a beneficial way. The following is an organizational structure that outlines the chronology and content of your Causal Analysis: I. Introduction: In one (or at the most two) paragraph(s) introduce your topic. Give a brief overview of your topic and thesis in a few sentences. your evaluative claim and your causal claim. It should be specific, logical, and clear. II. History/Background to Current Situation: This section should take as much space as needed—a few to several paragraphs. Discuss the significant and relevant history of your topic up to the current situation and how it came to be. Use research as needed to give precise and accurate background for context in making your later causal argument. Comment on your research as well, so that you don’t lose your voice. As you explore other points of view, your own point of view will evolve in significant ways. III. Evaluative Claim: Once you have given a brief history/background of the current situation, evaluate the situation, the topic, as it is at present. Again, use research as appropriate to support your judgments. While this section of your essay could run anywhere from one to three paragraphs, typically one paragraph is the norm, as you are basically passing judgment on the situation, arguing evaluatively. This is an argument of pathos and logos, predominantly. IV. Causal Argument: This is the longest portion of your essay, the “meat,” the heart of your work. Once you have detailed the history/background to current situation and evaluated the current situation, you are ready to present your causal analysis. Demonstrate a link between the current situation and the causes for its negative condition. Of course, you will use current significant and relevant research to support your causal claim, and you will want to find the most dominant and pervasive logical causes, utilizing research, for the current situation as possible. These will connect forward as well to your proposal. Remember to use specific supporting detail/examples, and to analyze all of your research causally, thoroughly, and with clarity. NOTE: SECTIONS THREE AND FOUR ABOVE ARE INTERCHANGEABLE. IN OTHER WORDS, IF YOU FEEL YOU CAN PRESENT A BETTER ARGUMENT BY SHOWING CAUSES FIRST AND THEN EVALUATING THE CURRENT SITUATION, THAT CAN WORK JUST AS WELL AS THE ORDER OUTLINED ABOVE. I WILL LEAVE IT UP TO YOU AS THE WRITER TO ESTABLISH WHICH ORDER WORKS MOST EFFECTIVELY. V. Counterargument/Conditions of Rebuttal and Rebuttal: There will be those who disagree with you so you will want to acknowledge their points of view. What are their assumptions about this topic? What questions do they raise for consideration? Acknowledging other points of view gives your essay credibility and shows that you have been fair and broad in your inquiry and presentation. (You will need at least one credible source to represent at least one counterargument.) Then explain how you have considered this counterargument, but still find your own analysis to be more logical and accurate; this is your rebuttal. VI. Conclusion: Summarize the meaningful conclusions you have drawn clearly and precisely, remembering to resummarize your thesis. Give your specific proposal here as well. This will become your transition paragraph between the causal analysis and the proposal, so you must state your proposal precisely to pave the way for the proposal argument in full to come. Keep in mind these critical thinking outcomes: • Pursue the best information via reliable research (no Internet web sites should be used—Use the library electronic databases, such as ____, for academic research. • Engage in broad and deep inquiry • Analyze different points of view • Examine and challenge your own underlying assumptions as you undergo this exciting journey in scholarship. Please also reflect on these questions as you progress through your research and project work: About yourself: • What assumptions (beliefs) did you have about this topic coming into the project? • Have some of those assumptions been challenged? Have some been validated? • What questions do you still have about your issue? • What questions have you been able to answer through your research? About your audience: • What questions might your audience have about your topic? What points of view do they represent? • What information do you want to provide to help answer those questions? • How can you address a diverse audience so that its members will be moved to see your own point of view as significant and worth consideration? • How has pursuing the best information in a fair and honest, ethical, and logical manner allowed you to show respect for your audience as well as yourself as a thinker? Documentation Style: MLA format for paper format, in-text citations, works cited page, and annotated bibliography format. Paper Length: 6-8 double-spaced pages. Annotated Bibliography: At least 4 sources, formatted in MLA style. List of Sources Page: At least 5-8 sources used; formatted in MLA style. Warning: Plagiarism is punishable with an “F,” so be sure to document your research carefully. Causal Analysis Topics Choose one: • Causes of bullying • Causes of gun violence in schools • Causes of obesity in children • Causes of lying / Reasons why people lie • Causes of the fear of darkness Write in the 3rd-person point of view (using pronouns such as he, she, they, etc.). Do not write in the 1st- person (I, me, etc.) or 2nd-person (you, your) point of view.

CAUSAL ANALYSIS GUIDELINES: According to John J. Ruskiewicz and Jay T. Dolmage, “We all analyze and explain things daily. Someone asks, ‘Why?’ We reply, ‘Because . . .’ and then offer reasons and rationales” (138). This type of thinking is at the core of the causal analysis. You will write a causal analysis which explores, through carefully examined research and logical analysis, certain causes or factors which contribute to an issue or problematic situation, based on the topic you choose to write on. Your causal analysis should explore more than one type of cause, such as necessary causes, sufficient causes, precipitating causes, proximate causes, remote causes, reciprocal causes, contributing factors, and chains of causes, as outlined in our course text in the chapter devoted to Causal Analyses. Your project should also reflect significant critical thinking skills. In addition to the actual causal analysis essay, you will be also create an annotated bibliography. These process elements will help you organize and focus your ideas and research in a beneficial way. The following is an organizational structure that outlines the chronology and content of your Causal Analysis: I. Introduction: In one (or at the most two) paragraph(s) introduce your topic. Give a brief overview of your topic and thesis in a few sentences. your evaluative claim and your causal claim. It should be specific, logical, and clear. II. History/Background to Current Situation: This section should take as much space as needed—a few to several paragraphs. Discuss the significant and relevant history of your topic up to the current situation and how it came to be. Use research as needed to give precise and accurate background for context in making your later causal argument. Comment on your research as well, so that you don’t lose your voice. As you explore other points of view, your own point of view will evolve in significant ways. III. Evaluative Claim: Once you have given a brief history/background of the current situation, evaluate the situation, the topic, as it is at present. Again, use research as appropriate to support your judgments. While this section of your essay could run anywhere from one to three paragraphs, typically one paragraph is the norm, as you are basically passing judgment on the situation, arguing evaluatively. This is an argument of pathos and logos, predominantly. IV. Causal Argument: This is the longest portion of your essay, the “meat,” the heart of your work. Once you have detailed the history/background to current situation and evaluated the current situation, you are ready to present your causal analysis. Demonstrate a link between the current situation and the causes for its negative condition. Of course, you will use current significant and relevant research to support your causal claim, and you will want to find the most dominant and pervasive logical causes, utilizing research, for the current situation as possible. These will connect forward as well to your proposal. Remember to use specific supporting detail/examples, and to analyze all of your research causally, thoroughly, and with clarity. NOTE: SECTIONS THREE AND FOUR ABOVE ARE INTERCHANGEABLE. IN OTHER WORDS, IF YOU FEEL YOU CAN PRESENT A BETTER ARGUMENT BY SHOWING CAUSES FIRST AND THEN EVALUATING THE CURRENT SITUATION, THAT CAN WORK JUST AS WELL AS THE ORDER OUTLINED ABOVE. I WILL LEAVE IT UP TO YOU AS THE WRITER TO ESTABLISH WHICH ORDER WORKS MOST EFFECTIVELY. V. Counterargument/Conditions of Rebuttal and Rebuttal: There will be those who disagree with you so you will want to acknowledge their points of view. What are their assumptions about this topic? What questions do they raise for consideration? Acknowledging other points of view gives your essay credibility and shows that you have been fair and broad in your inquiry and presentation. (You will need at least one credible source to represent at least one counterargument.) Then explain how you have considered this counterargument, but still find your own analysis to be more logical and accurate; this is your rebuttal. VI. Conclusion: Summarize the meaningful conclusions you have drawn clearly and precisely, remembering to resummarize your thesis. Give your specific proposal here as well. This will become your transition paragraph between the causal analysis and the proposal, so you must state your proposal precisely to pave the way for the proposal argument in full to come. Keep in mind these critical thinking outcomes: • Pursue the best information via reliable research (no Internet web sites should be used—Use the library electronic databases, such as ____, for academic research. • Engage in broad and deep inquiry • Analyze different points of view • Examine and challenge your own underlying assumptions as you undergo this exciting journey in scholarship. Please also reflect on these questions as you progress through your research and project work: About yourself: • What assumptions (beliefs) did you have about this topic coming into the project? • Have some of those assumptions been challenged? Have some been validated? • What questions do you still have about your issue? • What questions have you been able to answer through your research? About your audience: • What questions might your audience have about your topic? What points of view do they represent? • What information do you want to provide to help answer those questions? • How can you address a diverse audience so that its members will be moved to see your own point of view as significant and worth consideration? • How has pursuing the best information in a fair and honest, ethical, and logical manner allowed you to show respect for your audience as well as yourself as a thinker? Documentation Style: MLA format for paper format, in-text citations, works cited page, and annotated bibliography format. Paper Length: 6-8 double-spaced pages. Annotated Bibliography: At least 4 sources, formatted in MLA style. List of Sources Page: At least 5-8 sources used; formatted in MLA style. Warning: Plagiarism is punishable with an “F,” so be sure to document your research carefully. Causal Analysis Topics Choose one: • Causes of bullying • Causes of gun violence in schools • Causes of obesity in children • Causes of lying / Reasons why people lie • Causes of the fear of darkness Write in the 3rd-person point of view (using pronouns such as he, she, they, etc.). Do not write in the 1st- person (I, me, etc.) or 2nd-person (you, your) point of view.

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ESL 091 Cause and Effect Worksheet 1: Steps 1-4 of the Writing Process Name ______________________________ Class___________ Section______ THE WRITNG PROCES: STEPS 1, 2, 3, AND 4 Step 1: THINKING. Your first essay assignment is to write an Explaining/Evaluation essay about a restaurant. Begin the writing process by thinking about your topic. Think! Think! Think! Step 2: BRAINSTORMING. The purpose of brainstorming is for you to write down all of the ideas, thoughts, and pieces of information that you think about your topic before you forge them. You can use one of three brainstorming techniques, but the journalist’s questions will get you’re the most information to write an 800-word essay. We talked about three brainstorming techniques: 1) Writing down all your thoughts in a list format. 2) Creating an idea map. 3) Asking and answering the journalist’s questions that are important for your topic: Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? As you are thinking and writing down your ideas, ask yourself the following questions about your cause and effect topic: A. What is the cord cause of issue? Is there more than one cause? What is the immediate (first) effect of the cause? Does this first effect also become a cause? If so, what effect does this new cause have? Are there other effects caused by the core cause? What are they? Do they also become new causes with their own effects? If so, what are they? Core Cause/s__________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Immediate (first) Effect of the Core Cause/s_________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Other Cause and Effect Relationships_______________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Brainstorming Technique 1: Listing Your Thoughts and Ideas 1.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 2.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 5.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 7.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 8.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 9.___________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 10.__________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ More information: Brainstorming Technique 2: Creating an Idea Map Sample Mind Maps for Cause and Effect Multiple Levels of Cause and Effect Brainstorming Technique 3: Asking AND Answering the Journalist’s Questions Question: Who _______________________________________________________________________ Answer____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Question: Where______________________________________________________________________ Answer____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Question: What_______________________________________________________________________ Answer_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Question: Where_______________________________________________________________________ Answer________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________¬¬_ Question: Why________________________________________________________________________ Answer______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Question: How________________________________________________________________________ Answer_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: Dropping and Selecting Information. Read your brainstorming notes and determine which information you would like to include in your cause and effect essay. Also decide which information you do NOT need for your essay. Keep what you DO need. A. Information that I will keep ___________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________¬¬¬¬____________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________¬¬¬¬____________ B. Information that I need to add ________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________¬¬¬¬____________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________¬¬¬¬____________ Step 4. Writing a Working Thesis. First, decide who your audience is and what your purpose is. A. Audience: Think about who would be interested in reading your cause and effect topic. If you say: “Anyone who is interested in my topic,” your audience is too big. Think about who might benefit from knowing the information you are writing about. Be specific. _____________________________________________________________________________________ B. Purpose: The purpose in your writing is the message you want your audience to know about the topic. You can find out your purpose by asking yourself what you want your audience to know about the topic and put that in a complete sentence. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ C. Working Thesis: A thesis is a statement that tells your audience what your overall attitude is about your topic. In a cause and effect essay, your thesis would state the core causes and major effects of the core cause. A working thesis can change as your essay changes and improves. Your thesis should include: 1) The core cause/s 2) The major effects that you will discuss in the body of the paper. Example: CORE CAUSE/S MAJOR EFFECTS Fast food and lack of movement are the core reasons for obesity, which results in disease such as heart trouble, diabetes, and joint failure. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ **********Save this worksheet and bring it to the next class meeting.***********

ESL 091 Cause and Effect Worksheet 1: Steps 1-4 of the Writing Process Name ______________________________ Class___________ Section______ THE WRITNG PROCES: STEPS 1, 2, 3, AND 4 Step 1: THINKING. Your first essay assignment is to write an Explaining/Evaluation essay about a restaurant. Begin the writing process by thinking about your topic. Think! Think! Think! Step 2: BRAINSTORMING. The purpose of brainstorming is for you to write down all of the ideas, thoughts, and pieces of information that you think about your topic before you forge them. You can use one of three brainstorming techniques, but the journalist’s questions will get you’re the most information to write an 800-word essay. We talked about three brainstorming techniques: 1) Writing down all your thoughts in a list format. 2) Creating an idea map. 3) Asking and answering the journalist’s questions that are important for your topic: Who? What? Where? When? Why? How? As you are thinking and writing down your ideas, ask yourself the following questions about your cause and effect topic: A. What is the cord cause of issue? Is there more than one cause? What is the immediate (first) effect of the cause? Does this first effect also become a cause? If so, what effect does this new cause have? Are there other effects caused by the core cause? What are they? Do they also become new causes with their own effects? If so, what are they? Core Cause/s__________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Immediate (first) Effect of the Core Cause/s_________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Other Cause and Effect Relationships_______________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ Brainstorming Technique 1: Listing Your Thoughts and Ideas 1.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 2.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 5.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 6.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 7.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 8.___________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 9.___________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 10.__________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ More information: Brainstorming Technique 2: Creating an Idea Map Sample Mind Maps for Cause and Effect Multiple Levels of Cause and Effect Brainstorming Technique 3: Asking AND Answering the Journalist’s Questions Question: Who _______________________________________________________________________ Answer____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Question: Where______________________________________________________________________ Answer____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Question: What_______________________________________________________________________ Answer_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Question: Where_______________________________________________________________________ Answer________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________¬¬_ Question: Why________________________________________________________________________ Answer______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Question: How________________________________________________________________________ Answer_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Step 3: Dropping and Selecting Information. Read your brainstorming notes and determine which information you would like to include in your cause and effect essay. Also decide which information you do NOT need for your essay. Keep what you DO need. A. Information that I will keep ___________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________¬¬¬¬____________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________¬¬¬¬____________ B. Information that I need to add ________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________¬¬¬¬____________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________¬¬¬¬____________ Step 4. Writing a Working Thesis. First, decide who your audience is and what your purpose is. A. Audience: Think about who would be interested in reading your cause and effect topic. If you say: “Anyone who is interested in my topic,” your audience is too big. Think about who might benefit from knowing the information you are writing about. Be specific. _____________________________________________________________________________________ B. Purpose: The purpose in your writing is the message you want your audience to know about the topic. You can find out your purpose by asking yourself what you want your audience to know about the topic and put that in a complete sentence. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ C. Working Thesis: A thesis is a statement that tells your audience what your overall attitude is about your topic. In a cause and effect essay, your thesis would state the core causes and major effects of the core cause. A working thesis can change as your essay changes and improves. Your thesis should include: 1) The core cause/s 2) The major effects that you will discuss in the body of the paper. Example: CORE CAUSE/S MAJOR EFFECTS Fast food and lack of movement are the core reasons for obesity, which results in disease such as heart trouble, diabetes, and joint failure. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ **********Save this worksheet and bring it to the next class meeting.***********

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There are 4 legal reasons why an agreement would lack consideration. Your assignment is to list each of the four legal reasons. Provide a factual example for each of the four legal reasons. The factual example can be from the textbook, an actual case that you know about or you can make it up. a) An agreement would lack consideration if ___________ 

 factual example: X and Y . . . . b) An agreement would lack consideration if ___________ 

 factual example: X and Y . . . c) An agreement would lack consideration if ___________ 

 factual example: X and Y . . . d) An agreement would lack consideration if ___________ 

 factual example: X and Y . . .

There are 4 legal reasons why an agreement would lack consideration. Your assignment is to list each of the four legal reasons. Provide a factual example for each of the four legal reasons. The factual example can be from the textbook, an actual case that you know about or you can make it up. a) An agreement would lack consideration if ___________ 

 factual example: X and Y . . . . b) An agreement would lack consideration if ___________ 

 factual example: X and Y . . . c) An agreement would lack consideration if ___________ 

 factual example: X and Y . . . d) An agreement would lack consideration if ___________ 

 factual example: X and Y . . .

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